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Former municipality
Hervormde kerk Bennebroek.jpg
Flag of Bennebroek
Coat of arms of Bennebroek
Coat of arms
Location of Bennebroek
Coordinates: 52°19′N 4°36′E / 52.32°N 4.60°E / 52.32; 4.60Coordinates: 52°19′N 4°36′E / 52.32°N 4.60°E / 52.32; 4.60
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Municipality Bloemendaal
 • Total 1.79 km2 (0.69 sq mi)
 • Land 1.75 km2 (0.68 sq mi)
 • Water 0.04 km2 (0.02 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 • Total 5,162
 • Density 2,950/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Bennebroek (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɛnəbruk] (About this sound listen)) is a town and former municipality in the northwest Netherlands, now part of Bloemendaal, North Holland. Before its merger, it was the smallest municipality in the Netherlands, covering an area of only 1.75 km².


Bennebroek was probably formed in the 13th century and its development was closely linked to the peat harvesting industry.[1]

On May 28, 1653, Bennebroek split off from the Heemstede fiefdom and Adriaen Pauw (1622-1697), son of Adriaan Pauw, became its first feudal lord.[2] Its population was dependent on animal husbandry and transportation. Later on bulb flower cultivation became an important business here. Yet since the second half of the 20th century, Bennebroek functions primarily as a commuter community for the surrounding cities. [1]

On March 29, 2007, the municipal councils of Bennebroek and Bloemendaal agreed to merge into one municipality, which became reality on January 1, 2009.

Local government[edit]

The last municipal council of Bennebroek before its merger consisted of 11 seats, which were divided as follows:


  • Linnaeushof - a recreation park known as Europe's largest children's playground, formerly a botanical garden where Carl Linnaeus acted as hortulanus (lead gardener) in the 18th century and where he wrote the Hortus Cliffortianus
  • Hartekamp - an estate (partially in Heemstede) with an extensive public park.
  • Former railway station Vogelenzang-Bennebroek - railway station from 1842.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Gemeente Bennebroek History" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  2. ^ "Gemeente Bennebroek Coat of Arms" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2004-09-29. Retrieved 2007-12-11.