Bennet Sherard, 1st Earl of Harborough

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The Earl of Harborough
Member of Parliament for Rutland
In office
1713–1714
Serving with Lord Finch
Preceded byLord Finch
Richard Halford
Succeeded byLord Finch
John Noel
Member of Parliament for Leicestershire
In office
1701–1702
Serving with Lord Roos
Preceded byJohn Verney
John Wilkins
Succeeded byJohn Verney
John Wilkins
Personal details
Born
Bennet Sherard

1675
Died16 October 1732(1732-10-16) (aged 56–57)
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)
Mary Calverley
(
m. 1696; her death 1702)
ParentsBennet Sherard, 2nd Baron Sherard

Bennet Sherard, 1st Earl of Harborough (9 October 1677 – 16 October 1732) (created Viscount Sherard in 1718, and Earl of Harborough in 1719) was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

Early life[edit]

Born on 9 October 1677, he was the second, but only surviving, son and heir of the former Elizabeth Christopher and Bennet Sherard, 2nd Baron Sherard, an MP for Leicestershire who served as Lord Lieutenant of Rutland.[1] His sister, Hon. Lucy Sherard, married John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland.[2]

His mother was the daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Christopher of Alford. His paternal grandfather was William Sherard, 1st Baron Sherard, a member of the Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners under King James I.[3] Through his sister, he was uncle to Lord Sherard Manners, MP for Tavistock, Lady Caroline Manners (wife of Sir Henry Harpur, 5th Baronet and, secondly, Sir Robert Burdett, 4th Baronet), Lady Lucy Manners (wife of William Graham, 2nd Duke of Montrose), Lord Robert Manners, and Lord Charles Manners, among others.[4] Through his uncle Hon. Philip Sherard, also an MP for Rutland, he was a first cousin of Bennet Sherard[5] and Margaret Sherard, the wife of The Most Rev. John Gilbert, Archbishop of York.[6]

Career[edit]

In 1700, he succeeded his father Bennet as Baron Sherard, of Leitrim, and shortly thereafter as Lord Lieutenant of Rutland, and was made deputy lieutenant of Lincolnshire the same year. He held these offices until his dismissal in 1712. From 1701 to 1702, he was MP for Leicestershire, and was returned for Rutland in 1713.[7]

He held that seat until 19 October 1714, when he was created Baron Sherard, of Harborough, in the Peerage of Great Britain, and entered the House of Lords. In 1715, he was reappointed to the Lord-Lieutenancy of Rutland, which he held until his death. He was created Viscount Sherard on 31 October 1718 and Earl of Harborough on 8 May 1719.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Memorial to the Earl, his Wife, and their dead child. Stapleford church, carving by John Michael Rysbrack

On 30 April 1696, Sherard was married to Mary Calverley (d. 1702), the daughter and co-heiress of Sir Henry Calverley of Eryholme and the former Mary Thompson (a daughter of Sir Henry Thompson of Escrick).[8][9]

He was succeeded by his cousin Philip as Earl of Harborough, Baron Sherard (in Great Britain and in Ireland), and as Lord-Lieutenant; the Viscountcy of Sherard became extinct upon his death.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SHERARD, Bennet, 2nd Baron Sherard of Leitrim [I] (1621-1700), of Stapleford, Leics". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Letters of Rachel Lady Russell. [Edited by J. R., i.e. Earl Russell; with notes by J. Martin.]". 1853.
  3. ^ "William Sherard, 1st Baron Sherard". www.npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Rutland, Duke of (E, 1703)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  5. ^ "SHERARD, Hon. Philip (1623-95), of Whissendine, Rutland". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Gilbert, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/10692. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ "SHERARD, Bennet, 3rd Baron Sherard of Leitrim [I] (1677-1732), of Stapleford Hall, Leics". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "Harborough, Earl of (GB, 1719 - 1859)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  9. ^ Aston, Nigel (1986). "An 18th Century Leicestershire Squarson: Robert Sherard, 4th Earl of Harborough (1719-1799)" (PDF). Transactions. LX: 34–46. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Verney
John Wilkins
Member of Parliament for Leicestershire
1701–1702
With: Lord Roos
Succeeded by
John Verney
John Wilkins
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Lord Finch
Richard Halford
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1713–1714
With: Lord Finch
Succeeded by
Lord Finch
John Noel
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

1719–1732
Succeeded by
The Viscount Lymington
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Sherard
Lord Lieutenant of Rutland
1700–1712
Succeeded by
The Earl of Exeter
Preceded by
The Earl of Exeter
Lord Lieutenant of Rutland
1715–1732
Succeeded by
Philip Sherard
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl of Harborough
1719–1732
Succeeded by
Philip Sherard
Viscount Sherard
1718–1732
Extinct
Baron Sherard
1714–1732
Succeeded by
Philip Sherard
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Bennet Sherard
Baron Sherard
1700–1732
Succeeded by
Philip Sherard