Bennett Spring State Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bennett Spring State Park
Missouri State Park
Bennett Spring SP 1-by rjones0.jpg
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Dallas, Laclede
Elevation 1,076 ft (328 m) [1]
Coordinates 37°43′32″N 92°51′45″W / 37.72556°N 92.86250°W / 37.72556; -92.86250Coordinates: 37°43′32″N 92°51′45″W / 37.72556°N 92.86250°W / 37.72556; -92.86250 [1]
Area 3,216.74 acres (1,302 ha) [2]
Established 1923
Management Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Location in Missouri
Website: Bennett Spring State Park
Bennett Spring State Park Shelter House and Water Gauge Station
Location Dallas / Laclede counties, Missouri, USA, near Bennett Springs, Missouri
Built 1933
Architect CCC; NPS
MPS ECW Architecture in Missouri State Parks 1933-1942 TR
NRHP Reference #

85000527[3]

Bennett Spring State Park Hatchery-Lodge Area Historic District
Location MO A64, Bennett Spring, Missouri
Area 20 acres (8.1 ha)
Built 1933 (1933)
Architect CCC
MPS ECW Architecture in Missouri State Parks 1933-1942 TR
NRHP Reference # 85000504[3]
Added to NRHP March 4, 1985
Added to NRHP February 28, 1985

Bennett Spring State Park is located in Bennett Springs, Missouri, approximately 12 miles (19 km) west of Lebanon on Highway 64 and is in Dallas and Laclede counties. The park was established in 1923. It is centered on the spring that flows into the Niangua River and gives the park its name. The spring averages 100 million gallons (380,000 m3) of daily flow.[4] The park offers fly fishing, camping, canoeing, and hiking, among other activities.

History[edit]

In 1837 the James Brice family built a mill at the stream and the spring became known as Brice Spring. The town that built up was known as Brice. The family of Peter Bennett soon settled near the spring and started their own mill. Originally, the families were rivals, but they soon intermarried. Both of these mills were eventually destroyed in a flood.

During the Civil War years, another mill was constructed by Peter Bennett. This Bennett Mill was larger and more successful than the Brice mill. The spring soon took on the Bennett name. Peter died in 1882 and his son William Sherman Bennett took over. The Bennett Mill burned in 1895.

In the 1930s the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) made various improvements to the park. The CCC built the dining lodge, cabins, trails, roads, shelters, gauge station, and the arched stone bridge across the spring branch. The bridge has 3 distinctive sideways “C’s” to memorialize the men of the CCC who built it. The CCC also channelized the spring branch and constructed the dam just upstream of the stone bridge to make the spring more habitable to the non-native trout. The dam is used to divert water through the fish hatchery and to maintain a constant water level at Bennett Spring to this day.

The Bennett Spring State Park Hatchery-Lodge Area Historic District and Bennett Spring State Park Shelter House and Water Gauge Station were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.[3]

  • Bennett Spring State Park Hatchery-Lodge Area Historic District: Encompasses six contributing buildings and two contributing structures erected by the Civilian Conservation Corps between 1933 and 1938. They include two concrete and stone arch bridges, barn, storage building, custodian's residence, Old Officers Quarters ("Hotel"), restroom, and dining lodge.[5]:3–4
  • Bennett Spring State Park Shelter House and Water Gauge Station: The picnic shelter is of wood and random ashlar stone construction with an enclosed alcove that houses a stone fireplace. The water gauge station is a small (8 feet by 8 feet) two-story tower of random cut stone construction with a pyramidal roof and round-arched window openings. It measures 26 feet by 26 feet and has a pitched cross-gabled roof.[6]:2

Activities and amenities[edit]

Trout fishing

The park offers trout fishing for both rainbow trout and brown trout in the natural spring that is the namesake of the park. The fishing area is divided into three zones, each with its own set of regulations.[7] During the regular season, fish may be caught and kept. Catch and release regulations are in effect during the winter months. Daily fishing begins and ends with a whistle or siren. The opening march of the angler can sometimes resemble a Civil War–style battle line as the anglers progress into the water with rod in hand.

Trails

There are 12 miles (19 km) of hiking trails named Natural Tunnel, Savanna Ridge, Spring, Whistle, Oak Hickory, Bluff, and Bridge.

Other

The park also offers canoeing on the Niangua River, campsites, cabins, a swimming pool, nature center, dining lodge, and park store.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bennett Spring State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "State parks...estimated acres" (PDF). Revised Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan: 2008-2012. Missouri Department of Natural Resources. pp. 142–143. Retrieved September 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  4. ^ "Current Conditions for USGS 06923500 Bennett Spring at Bennett Springs, MO". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-06-17. 
  5. ^ Bonnie Wright (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Bennett Spring State Park Hatchery-Lodge Area Historic District" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-12-01. ] (includes 11 photos)
  6. ^ Bonnie Wright (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Bennett Spring State Park Shelter House and Water Gauge Station" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-12-01. ] (includes 3 photos)
  7. ^ "Fishing at Bennett Spring State Park". Missouri State Parks. Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Bennett Spring State Park". Missouri State Parks. Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved October 1, 2014. 

External links[edit]