Benno Gut

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Benno Gut

Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed8 May 1969
Term ended8 December 1970
PredecessorArcadio María Larraona Saralegui
SuccessorArturo Tabera Araoz
Other post(s)Cardinal-Deacon of San Giorgio in Velabro (1967–70)
Ordination10 July 1921
Consecration18 June 1967
by Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent Tisserant
Created cardinal26 June 1967
by Pope Paul VI
Personal details
Birth nameWalter Gut
Born1 April 1897
Reiden, Basel, Switzerland
Died8 December 1970(1970-12-08) (aged 73)
Rome, Italy
BuriedMaria Einsiedeln
Previous post(s)
Alma materUniversity of Basel
Pontifical Biblical Institute
MottoGaudete in Domino semper
Coat of armsBenno Gut's coat of arms
Styles of
Benno Gut
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Benno Walter Gut, O.S.B. (1 April 1897 – 8 December 1970) was a Swiss Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship in the Roman Curia from 1969 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1967.


Born in Reiden, Walter Gut entered the Order of Saint Benedict at Einsiedeln Abbey, taking the name of Benno, which was the name of the abbey's rector, upon his profession on 6 January 1918. He studied at the Einsiedeln Abbey College, Musical Conservatory of Basel, University of Basel, and International College of Saint Anselm and Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome. Ordained to the priesthood on 10 July 1921, Gut finished his studies in 1923 and then did pastoral work at Einsiedeln Abbey until 1930.

Gut taught at his alma mater of the International College of Saint Anselm in Rome from 1930 to 1939, at which time he became a professor at the Einsiedeln Abbey College. On 15 April 1947 he was elected Abbot of Einsiedeln, receiving the traditional episcopal benediction of new abbots from Archbishop Filippo Bernardini on the following 5 May. Gut was elected as the fourth Abbot Primate of the Benedictine Confederation, and thus head of the Benedictine order, on 24 September 1959. From 1962 to 1965 he attended the Second Vatican Council.

On 10 June 1967 Gut was appointed Titular Archbishop of Thuccabora by Pope Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration eight days later, on 18 June, from Cardinal Eugène Cardinal Tisserant, with Bishops Joseph Hasler and Johannes Vonderach serving as co-consecrators, at Einsiedeln Abbey.

Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro in the consistory of 26 June the same year in advance of naming him Prefect of Congregation of Rites on the following 29 June. Along with Prefect of Rites, Gut also assumed in 1968 the position of president of the consilium for liturgical reform, of which the Benedictine abbot was an advocate.[1] He later resigned as Abbot Primate of the Benedictine Confederation on 8 September 1967. With the dissolution of the Congregation of Rites, the Cardinal became Prefect of the newly established Congregation for Divine Worship on 7 May 1969.

Gut died in Rome, at age 73. He is buried in Einsiedeln Abbey.


  1. ^ TIME Magazine. Changing the Old Guard 19 January 1968

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Ignazio Staub, OSB
Abbot of Einsiedeln Abbey
Succeeded by
Rainmund Tschudy, OSB
Preceded by
Bernhard Kaelin, OSB
Abbot Primate of the Benedictine Confederation
Succeeded by
Rembert Weakland, OSB
Preceded by
Arcadio Larraona Saralegui, CMF
Prefect of the Congregation of Rites
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship
Succeeded by
Arturo Tabera Araoz, CMF