Beniamino Bufano

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Beniamino Bufano
Beniamino Bufano.jpg
San Francisco 1923
BornBeniamino Benevento Bufano
October 15, 1890
San Fele, Italy
DiedAugust 18, 1970
San Francisco, CA
Resting placeHoly Cross Cemetery, Colma, CA
NationalityItalian-American
Other namesBene Bufano, Benny Bufano, Ben Bufano, Benvenuto Bufano
OccupationArtist, Sculptor
ChildrenAloha M. Bufano, Erskine Scott Bufano

Beniamino Bufano (October 15, 1890 – August 18, 1970) was a California-based Italian American sculptor, best known for his large-scale monuments representing peace. His modernist work often featured smoothly rounded animals and relatively simple shapes. He worked in ceramics, stone, stainless steel, and mosaic, and sometimes combined two or more of these media. Some of his works are cast stone replicas. He sometimes went by the name Benvenuto Bufano because he admired Benvenuto Cellini. His youthful nickname was "Bene," which was often anglicized into "Benny."

Biography[edit]

Bufano was born in San Fele, Italy. He came to New York with his mother and 11 siblings in 1902. The birth year 1890, attributed here, is what appears on Bufano's death certificate and grave. Yet the year of his birth is in fact variously cited between 1886 and 1898.[1] It is equally difficult to determine the accuracy of many of the stories Bufano told about his life. Although a 1972 biography by Sonia Brown and Howard Wilkening is based on interviews with the artist and extensive research, it is not conclusive. As the artist admitted, "I just told each person not only what I thought he wanted to hear, but I related it in the way I thought appropriate for him." [2]

Another biography, published ten years after Bufano's death by his ex-wife Virginia Howard Lewin, includes many stories she would have heard from him.[3] As she wrote, "Benny revived lying, made it an art and a way of life, a way to get along in a cockeyed world. Yet lying is a misleading word to explain the thought processes of the little artist. If he lied, he was not aware of being dishonest—he was nonmoral, like a child."[4] The only biography with footnotes is the limited-edition volume by Lois Rather published in 1975 and focusing on Bufano's dealings with the federal government.[5]

He studied at the Art Students League of New York during 1913–15 [6] with the famous sculptors Herbert Adams, Paul Manship, and James Earle Fraser and assisted them with their work[7]; he also assisted Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney at her home studio in Roslyn, New York in about 1913.[8][better source needed]

In the fall of 1914, Paul Manship invited Bufano to work with Robert Treat Paine on a commission Manship had received for the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition. [9] [10] [11] Bufano rented a room in San Francisco's Chinatown, made some friends there, and became fascinated with Chinese art.[12] [13] He was given additional sculpture projects at the exposition, panels for the Arches of Triumph and a festoon over the main door of the Palace of Fine Arts.[2]

After returning to New York in 1915, Bufano entered a nationwide art competition and exhibit on the theme "The Immigrant in America". Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney funded the contest, and the exhibit was held in the Whitney Studio Club at 8 West 8th Street in Greenwich Village, which Whitney established to exhibit the work of young artists. The Immigrants in America Review administered the contest. Frances Kellor, who had been top committeewoman in former President Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party, headed the Review.[14] Roosevelt visited the exhibit of the 100 works entered in the contest, which added to its prestige and the acclaim of its prize winners. Bufano, then a virtual unknown, won the first prize of $500 with a sculpture in tile, granite and steel entitled Peace.[15] Bufano's theme contrasted with most of the entries, which focused on the immigrants' struggle for survival in their new homeland. The New York Times reported on Roosevelt's visit to the exhibit. Roosevelt used the occasion to inveigh against cubist art, but singled out "Bennie" Bufano's prize-winning sculpture for praise. "Wonderful work", he exclaimed to the Times, "I should like to meet the sculptor."[16]

Shortly after the United States entered World War I in 1917, Bufano accidentally cut off half of his right index finger. He decided to mail the "trigger finger" to President Woodrow Wilson as a protest against the war. He allowed a legend to develop that he had intentionally severed the finger for this purpose.[1][17]

Later in 1917 he returned to California and rented a studio in Pasadena, where he sculpted portrait heads and took philosophy classes.[18] But he decided San Francisco was where he most wanted to live, and it became his home base for the rest of his life, although he would travel extensively.

In 1918 he met Sara Bard Field and Charles Erskine Scott Wood, who became important patrons of his work. They provided him with a studio, commissioned sculptures, and funded a trip to China for the artist to study glazes.[19] Albert M. Bender was another early patron who helped Bufano financially and acquired works by the artist that he donated to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. A portrait head of Bender by Bufano is also in the museum collection.

Bufano traveled to China in 1920, encountering the poet Witter Bynner and working on a portrait head of Bynner en route. He apprenticed himself to a master potter to learn about glazes, as planned, but he extended his stay and traveled around the country, meeting Sun Yat-sen and John Dewey. Although he said he spent much of the journey living in poverty, he returned after about two years with a valuable collection of Chinese art.[20]

He was hired to teach at the California School of Fine Arts in 1923, but had too many disagreements with the administration about how art should be taught and was dismissed at the end of the semester. He proceeded to open his own art school, the Da Vinci Art School, in the Hawaiian Building on the 1915 exposition grounds, but it closed within months.[2] Around this time he created some site-specific art for the country home of Wood and Field in Los Gatos, California.

In 1925 Bufano had a solo show at the Arden Galleries in New York City, he was featured in International Studio magazine, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art acquired his ceramic sculpture Honeymoon Couple. That year he also met Virginia Howard in San Francisco, fell in love, followed her when she went to Louisiana, and married her in Texas. They spent a few weeks in Pasadena and then embarked on a trip around the world, visiting Japan, China, Southeast Asia, and India, then Italy and France. By the time they arrived in France the marriage was failing, and when she became pregnant, he sent her home to California.[3] The baby was born on August 16, 1928, and Virginia named him Erskine Scott Bufano after their benefactor Charles Erskine Scott Wood. She learned that her husband had earlier had a common-law wife named Marie Jones (née Linder) and a daughter named Aloha M. Jones-Bufano. She divorced him in 1932.

Plaques above Bufano's grave in Holy Cross Cemetery in Colma, California.

Bufano spent close to four years in France, where he bought a large block of stone and carved a statue of St. Francis of Assisi, which he intended as a gift to the city of San Francisco. Once it was finished, the Depression was underway, aesthetic objections were raised by San Franciscans who saw photographs of the work, and more than two decades were to pass before enough money was raised to ship it to California.

He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in November 1938.[5]

Back in San Francisco during the 1930s, he received studio space, a salary, and assistants through the Federal Art Project. He created several animal sculptures for the new Aquatic Park. He also made drawings and models for a 156-foot-tall St. Francis to sit on top of a high hill. It was approved by the city art commission, but it became an object of controversy and ridicule and was never erected. He was commissioned to design a block-long sculptural frieze of athletes for George Washington High School in San Francisco, but then was accused of including likenesses of Joseph Stalin and Harry Bridges. He denied this charge but lost the commission, ostensibly on the grounds that he was taking too long and kept changing the design.[21] He received another federal job in 1940, head of the art division of the National Youth Administration for San Francisco.[22]

Bufano served on the San Francisco Art Commission from 1944 to 1948.[23] A long-term friendship with author and painter Henry Miller began during this time; Miller would advocate on Bufano's behalf and wrote an introduction to a 1968 book on the artist.[24] It was published for the Bufano Society of the Arts, San Francisco, with 115 color and 8 black-and-white illustrations.

In 1950 Bufano created a large mural for Moar's Cafeteria[25] [26] in San Francisco. (It was removed in the 1970s for BART construction.) As shown below, examples of his distinctive and large-scale work are found throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. Some of his best-known works are bullet-shaped monuments, including the first sculpture in stainless steel[27].

Bufano worked in North Beach, and later, South of Market, his rent covered by Trader Vic's Victor Bergeron, living at the Press Club in downtown San Francisco.[28]

Bufano continued to create art and to be seen as a colorful local character until his death from heart disease in 1970. In his will he disinherited his daughter Aloha M. Bufano-Jones (1918–1991) and did not mention his son Erskine Scott Bufano, leaving everything to an entity he and patron friends had established called the Bufano Society of the Arts. Erskine successfully contested the will and became the head of the society; he died in 2010.

Bufano is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery in Colma, California.

Works[edit]

San Francisco public spaces[edit]

Locations of Bufano's sculptures in public spaces of San Francisco

The numbers on the map and below suggest the shortest route by which a driver (or intrepid cyclist) may visit all of the Bufano sculptures in public spaces of San Francisco.

  • 03) Madonna [30] (begun in 1962) : almost 14-feet (4 m.) high, with a mosaic of young faces, pink, yellow and black. In a film portrait which contains a lengthy segment on creating this mosaic, Bufano states,"The figure of a child. It's a composite figure of all the races." [31] The monument is located in the Great Meadow, Upper Fort Mason; 150 yards north of 1325 Bay Street
  • 04) Frog (1942): 16" (.5 m) high, this work is located on the balcony of the Maritime Museum, 900 Beach Street.
  • 05) Seal (1942): 42" (1 m) high, also located at the Maritime Museum, 900 Beach Street
  • 06) St. Francis de la Varenne [32] (1928): this 18-foot [5.5 m.] monument is located on the south-east corner of Beach and Taylor Streets, Fisherman's Wharf.
  • 07) The Penguin: Golden Gateway Center, 480 Davis Court, near the south-east corner of Davis and Jackson Streets. The work is displayed across the street diagonally from Sydney Walton Square, a sculpture park.
  • 10) St. Francis (1970): Grace Cathedral, 1100 California Street. The black and bronze, 5-foot [1.5 m) tall sculpture was originally located at the St. Francis Hotel but was moved to its current location in 1993.[34]
  • 11) St. Francis on Horseback [35] (1935): 8-feet (2.5 m) tall; Westside Courts Housing Project, across from 2550 Sutter, in the courtyard behind the basketball court
  • 14) Female Torso: Eureka Valley/Harvey Milk Memorial Branch Library[36], 1 Jose Sarria Court; in the front lobby
  • 15) Rabbit, Seals, Fish, Bear and Cubs, Cat and Mouse [37]: Valencia Gardens[38] (1930s): in the courtyard next to 33 Maxwell Court.
  • 17) Saint Francis of the Guns (1968); City College of San Francisco, Ocean Campus, between Phelan Avenue and the front entrance to the Science Building. Constructed of melted guns from a voluntary weapons amnesty program in San Francisco, this work was inspired by the 1968 assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy. On the robe of St Francis is a mosaic tile mural of four of America's assassinated leaders: Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Robert Kennedy and John F. Kennedy.[40]
  • 19) Head of St. Francis (1938): San Francisco State University, main quadrangle, between the Business Building and the Student Center, 1600 Holloway Avenue
  • 20) Penguin’s Prayer [41] (1939): 11 Lake Merced Boulevard, between Brotherhood Way and John Muir Drive
  • 21) Peace (1939): opposite the Calvary Armenian Congregational Church[42], 725 Brotherhood Way. This 30-foot (9 m) monument was relocated to Brotherhood Way in 1996 after nearly four decades as the San Francisco International Airport.

San Francisco museums[edit]

  • Small Madonna [48] (1968): private collection: gifted to the Alioto family during the wedding of Angela Alioto and Adolpho Veronese in San Francisco


San Francisco Bay Area and Northern California public spaces[edit]

  • $Dollarocracy$ [5] [1] [54] (1967): probably Bufano’s largest extant mosaic ensemble located outside the headquarters of the ILWU, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union, 99 Hagenburger Road, Oakland.

Public spaces outside of California[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Parkman, E. Breck (2007-03-22). "Missiles of Peace: Benny Bufano's Message to the World, California History, March 22, 2007". Thefreelibrary.com. California History and California Historical Society. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Wilkening, Howard and Sonia Brown (1972). Bufano: An Intimate Biography. Berkeley, California: Howell North Books. ISBN 0-8310-7089-7.
  3. ^ a b Lewin, Virginia B. (1980). One of Benny's Faces: A Study of Beniamino Bufano (1886–1970), the Man Behind the Artist. Hicksville, NY: Exposition Press. ISBN 0-682-49484-4.
  4. ^ Lewin (1980); p. 200
  5. ^ a b c Rather, Lois (1975). Bufano and the USA. Oakland California: Rather Press. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  6. ^ "Americanization of Immigrants". The Outlook (New York City). New York. December 15, 1915. p. 881. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  7. ^ Gallery444 (2018). "Beniamino Bufano". Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  8. ^ Artnet (2018). "Beniamino Benevenuto Bufano (American/Italian, 1898–1970)". Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  9. ^ Galland, Amy Lynn (2001). Immigrant in America, page 127, note 25. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Proquest Information and Learning.
  10. ^ "Robert Paine, (sculptor)". 2018. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  11. ^ Van Niekerken, Bill (April 18, 2017). "An ode to Benny Bufano, a San Francisco sculptor who broke the mold". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  12. ^ Ackerman, Phyllis (February 1925). "'The East Meets the West': In the Sculpture of Beniamino Bufano the forms of the Orient express Western ideas". International Studio 80(33). pp. 375–79. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  13. ^ Wilkening (1972); pp. 51–66
  14. ^ Berman, Avis (1990). Rebels on Eighth Street: Juliana Force and the Whitney Museum of American Art. New York: Atheneum. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-689-12086-2.
  15. ^ "East Side Sculptor Wins Exhibit Prize" (PDF). The New York Times. November 13, 1915.
  16. ^ "Colonel's Big Stick Batters Cubist Art" (PDF). The New York Times. December 3, 1915. p. 11.
  17. ^ Wilkening (1972); p. 24.
  18. ^ Wilkening (1972); pp. 45–48.
  19. ^ "Sara Bard Field: Poet and Suffragist". Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California oac.cdlib.org. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  20. ^ Wilkening (1972); pp. 51–66
  21. ^ Poletti, Therese (2008). Art Deco San Francisco: The Architecture of Timothy Pflueger. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-56898-756-9. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  22. ^ Rather (1975); p. 72
  23. ^ Wilkening (1972); pp. 163–182
  24. ^ Bufano, Beniamino and Henry Miller (1968). Bufano: Sculpture, Mosaics, Drawings. Tokyo: John Weatherhill, Inc. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  25. ^ CBS5 and KPIX (1953). "Discovery: Benny Bufano - San Francisco Bay Area Television Archive - the Moar's scene begins at minute 5:09". Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  26. ^ "Beniamino Bufano mural in Moars Cafeteria". Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  27. ^ CBS5 and KPIX (1953); minute 7:18
  28. ^ Patricia Yollin, Chronicle Staff Writer (November 21, 2005). "SAN FRANCISCO / Kids have a ball with Bufano / Museum re-creates beloved sculptor's studio". SFGate. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  29. ^ a b "Museo Italo Americano". Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  30. ^ "(Madonna) – San Francisco, CA – Smithsonian Art Inventory Sculptures". Waymarking.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  31. ^ CBS5 and KPIX (1953); minute 11:33
  32. ^ "Bufano at Fisherman's Wharf". artandarchitecture-sf.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  33. ^ "Stanford Court". Stanford Court. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  34. ^ "Notorious San Francisco: Benny Bufano". MISTERSF. 2001. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  35. ^ "Bufano at Westside Courts". Art and Architecture. 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  36. ^ "Eurika Valley/Harvey Milk Memorial". San Francisco Public Library. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  37. ^ "Bufano in Valencia Gardens". Art and Archetecture. 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  38. ^ "Valencia Gardens". ECB Equity Community Builders. 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  39. ^ "Madonna by Benjamin Bufano at SF General". Art and Archetecture. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  40. ^ "St. Francis Made of Melted Guns". Roadside America. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  41. ^ "Penguin's Prayer". Art and Architecture. 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  42. ^ "Calvary Armenian Congregational Church". CACC. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  43. ^ "Sunnydale". Hope SF. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  44. ^ "About the Randall Museum". Randall Museum. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  45. ^ "Female Torso". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  46. ^ "George W.P.Hunt". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  47. ^ "Beniamino Bufano". San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  48. ^ "Notorious San Francisco: Benny Bufano". Hank Donat, misters.com. 2001. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  49. ^ "Louis Pasteur - 1940". New Deal Art Registry. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  50. ^ "Fremont Medical Center". Kaiser Permanente. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  51. ^ Levy, Joan (April 16, 2007). "We had our own dream house in Hillsdale". San Mateo Daily Journal. Retrieved 15 Nov 2018.
  52. ^ Kelly, George H. (1957). "Shopping Can Be Fun: A New Concept in Merchandising (film: for a scene in which Bufano works on sculptures for the shopping center, see minute 10:21)". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  53. ^ "Hillsdale Shopping Center". Hillsdale Shopping Center. 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  54. ^ "ILWU Mosaic". 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  55. ^ "Claycord News & Talk". 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  56. ^ "Art & Statues, Universal Child". 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  57. ^ Waymarking.com for Smithsonian Art Inventory sculptures (2009). "California Bear, San Jose, CA". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  58. ^ "Pages from the Past". Los Altos Town Crier. 1970-08-26. Retrieved 2016-09-03.
  59. ^ Sonoma County Tourism. "Timber Cove Resort: Bufano's Obelisk". Retrieved 2016-09-03.
  60. ^ "Bufano's Obelisk". Timber Cove Inn. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
  61. ^ Kempton, Rosemary (2012-04-11). "Robert Mondavi Winery: A showcase for the arts". Napa Valley Register. Napa Valley Publishing. Retrieved 2016-09-03.
  62. ^ "Urban Art On The Map » The Owl". urbanartonthemap.com. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  63. ^ Urban Art on the Map (2018). "Urban Art On The Map: A Project of Our Aberdeen's Art Promotion Group". urbanartonthemap.com. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  64. ^ "JHU's sculptures see a renaissance". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 10, 2016.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lewin, Virginia B. (1980). One of Benny's Faces: A Study of Beniamino Bufano (1886–1970), the Man Behind the Artist. Hicksville, NY: Exposition Press. ISBN 0-682-49484-4.
  • Rather, Lois (1975). Bufano and the USA. Oakland California: Rather Press. Retrieved 2016-03-29.
  • Wilkening, H and Sonia Brown (1972). Bufano: An Intimate Biography. Berkeley, California: Howell North Books. ISBN 0-8310-7089-7.

External links[edit]