Benoni Danks (ca 1716 – 1776) was a New England Ranger and political figure in Nova Scotia, and representative of Cumberland County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1765 to 1770. He is best known as the commander of Danks' Rangers.
Benoni Danks was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, the son of Robert Danks and Rebecca Rust. In 1745, he married Mary Morris. He first commanded a ranger company during the Seven Years' War (1756-1762). His company operated in the Chignecto area during the Petitcodiac River Campaign and later the St. John River Campaign, both part of the Expulsion of the Acadians. He was active against the French and their native allies—for the most part the Mi'kmaq. In 1756 his company, men raised mainly in New England, was expanded and became an independent ranger unit in the British Army—often referred to as Danks' Rangers. The company was active between 1756 and 1762 (when it was disbanded). It averaged about 100 men. The unit was based out of Fort Cumberland on the Isthmus of Chignecto, and frequently skirmished with Mi'kmaq Indians and Acadian rebels during a prolonged insurgency against British rule in the area (lasting from 1755 to 1760). It is alleged that his unit turned in the scalps of Acadians for bounties, claiming that they were from natives. The rangers carried out raids against French settlers on the Petitcodiac River and also participated in the siege of Quebec. The unit suffered heavy casualties in the skirmishing around the edges of the siege, and for a time, after Danks was seriously wounded, were incorporated into the ranger company of Captain Moses Hazen. In 1761, he was granted land in Cumberland County. His company often operated in tandem with Gorham's Rangers, based out of Halifax, and after 1761, the two companies were combined into a Nova Scotia ranging corps, led by Major Joseph Gorham. As part of this corps, Danks and his company took part in the Siege of Havana in 1762, where, according to Israel Putnam, he sold his commission in the rangers.Two years later, Danks was named a justice of the peace and militia commander for Cumberland County. In 1767, he was named collector of duties on alcohol, tea, coffee and playing cards.
Sympathetic to the American Revolution, Danks was captured after taking part in a rebellion - the Battle of Fort Cumberland - led by Jonathan Eddy and died at Windsor, Nova Scotia from an infected wound.
He is probably the namesake of Danks Point in Baie Verte, New Brunswick.
- Letter of Hugh Graham, 1791, quoted in John Knox, An Historical Journal of the Campaigns in North America for the Years 1757, 1758, 1759, and 1760 ed. Arthur G. Doughty (3 vols.; Toronto: The Champlain Society, 1914-16), 196-7.
- Blakely, Phyllis R (1979). "Benoni Danks". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- Brian D. Carroll, "Savages in the Service of Empire: New England Indians in Gorham's Rangers, 1744-1762," New England Quarterly 85, no. 3 (Sept. 2012): 383-429.
- Benoni Danks Diary. Nova Scotia Genealogical Society. 1999