Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania

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Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania
Andalusia, a NRHP site in Bensalem
Andalusia, a NRHP site in Bensalem
Location of Bensalem Township in Bucks County
Location of Bensalem Township in Bucks County
Bensalem Township is located in Pennsylvania
Bensalem Township
Bensalem Township
Location of Bensalem in Pennsylvania
Bensalem Township is located in the United States
Bensalem Township
Bensalem Township
Bensalem Township (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°06′46″N 74°56′36″W / 40.11278°N 74.94333°W / 40.11278; -74.94333Coordinates: 40°06′46″N 74°56′36″W / 40.11278°N 74.94333°W / 40.11278; -74.94333
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyBucks
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorJoseph DiGirolamo (R)
Area
 • Total21.0 sq mi (54.21 km2)
 • Land20.0 sq mi (51.37 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation
102 ft (31 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total60,427
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
60,329
 • Density3,041.54/sq mi (1,174.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
19020, 19053
Area code(s)215 and 267
FIPS code42-017-05616
Websitehttps://www.bensalempa.gov/

Bensalem Township is a township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States and borders the northeast section of Philadelphia. The township is composed of many communities, including Andalusia, Bensalem, Bridgewater, Cornwells Heights, Eddington, Flushing, Oakford, Siles, Trappe, and Trevose.[3] Bensalem Township has no incorporated municipalities (city or borough) within its boundaries. As of the 2010 census, the township had a total population of 60,427, which makes it the largest municipality in Bucks County, and the ninth largest municipality in Pennsylvania. The township, which was founded in 1692, is almost as old as Pennsylvania itself, which was founded in 1682.

Origins[edit]

The origin of the name Bensalem likely comes from references made by settler Joseph Growden, who named his estate Manor of Bensalem in honor of William Penn and the Semitic term for peace, Salem.[4] It was originally named Salem; the first syllable Ben was added in 1701.[4]

History[edit]

The area of Bensalem Township was likely distinct by 1682 as it appears on the Holme Map, thought not yet with a name. By 2 January 1685, the boundary was fixed between Bensalem and Philadelphia County along the Poquessing Creek. At the September session in 1692 of the Court of Bucks County, a jury of thirteen men was formed to define boundaries of divisions that had been created up to that time. The report submitted in December states that "All the lands between Neshamineh and Poquessin, and so to the upper side of Joseph Growden's land in one and to be called 'Salem.'" It thus appears that the first name of the township was 'Salem'. The minutes of the Board of Property of the Province on 19 November 1701 at Philadelphia noted the name of the area as 'Bensalem'. The population of the area was first a few Dutch and Swedes, then later a larger influx of English, and then additional Dutch settled the area.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bensalem is the southernmost township in Bucks County and is bordered by the Northeast Philadelphia section of the city of Philadelphia to the west and south, Croydon and the rest of Bristol Township to the east and northeast, the borough of Hulmeville and Middletown Township to the north, and Feasterville, Trevose, and Oakford in Lower Southampton Township to the northwest. Across the Delaware River in Burlington County, New Jersey to the southeast, there are Beverly, Delanco Township, and Edgewater Park Township.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 21.0 square miles (54 km2), of which, 20.0 square miles (52 km2) of it is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it (4.77%) is water.

The Fall Line, which separates the Atlantic Coastal Plain region from the Piedmont region, runs through Bensalem, and is visible around the Neshaminy Mall area.[5][6] The Neshaminy Creek forms the natural eastern boundary and Poquessing Creek forms the natural western boundary of the township.

Natural features include Barnsleys Ford, Mill Creek, Neshaminy Creek, Neshaminy Falls, Partridge Point, Poquessing Creek, and White Sheet Bay.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,499
19003,04621.9%
19103,1051.9%
19202,912−6.2%
19305,64593.9%
19407,27628.9%
195011,36556.2%
196023,478106.6%
197033,04240.7%
198052,36858.5%
199056,7888.4%
200058,4342.9%
201060,4273.4%
Est. 201760,569[2]0.2%
Source:[7]

As of the 2010 census, the township was 72.1% Non-Hispanic White, 7.3% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 10.2% Asian, and 2.6% of the population were of two or more races. 8.4% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 58,434 people, 22,627 households, and 15,114 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,926.7 people per square mile (1,129.8/km²). There were 23,535 housing units at an average density of 1,178.8/sq mi (455.0/km²).

There are 22,627 households, of which 30.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the township the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 96.9 men.

The median income for a household in the township was $49,737, and the median income for a family was $58,771. Men had a median income of $39,914 versus $30,926 for women. The per capita income for the township was $22,517. 7.4% of the population and 6.0% of families were below the poverty line. Of the total population, 6.8% of those under the age of 18 and 10.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Jewish community[edit]

Bensalem has a significant Jewish community,[10] with the following institutions.

Landmarks and attractions[edit]

Bensalem is home to Parx Casino and Racing, a 1-mile (1.6 km) thoroughbred horse racing track and casino. This facility opened in November 1974 as Keystone Racetrack. The name was changed to Philadelphia Park in 1984. The track became notable as the original home of 2004 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes champion Smarty Jones, who placed second in the Belmont Stakes, narrowly missing the Triple Crown. In 2006, a slots parlor casino opened at Philadelphia Park and the facility was renamed to Philadelphia Park Racetrack and Casino. A permanent standalone casino structure opened in December 2009 and was renamed Parx Casino. The facility boasts 260,000 square feet (24,000 m2) including gaming, dining, entertainment, and banquet space. Parx Casino contains the Xcite Center, which hosts concerts, entertainment performances, comedy acts, and boxing and MMA matches.

Penn Community Bank Amphitheater is located in Bensalem, and is a popular venue for concerts.

Bensalem is also home to the Mongkoltepmunee Buddhist Temple,[13] or Wat Mongkoltepmunee, on Knights Road. This shrine is an exact replica of a temple in Bangkok and is the only one of its kind in the United States. It serves as a place of high ceremonies and meditation for a community of Buddhist monks who came to Bensalem from Thailand in the 1980s.[14]

For the 2002 M. Night Shyamalan movie Signs, starring Mel Gibson, a stage set was built inside a warehouse on State Road for many of the interior shots.[15][16]

The NBC pilot episode for Outlaw, starring Jimmy Smits was filmed in Andalusia March 22–23, 2010.[17][18] [8]

The movie Safe, starring Jason Statham filmed at Parx Casino and Racing.[19]

The Neshaminy Mall is located within Bensalem. It was one of the first malls to be constructed in the country in 1968. It has two main anchors (Boscov's and AMC Theatres) and over 120 smaller shops and eateries. The AMC Neshaminy 24 Theater is the largest and highest sales-producing theater in Pennsylvania.[20] In addition, it has on many occasions been a top 10 for theater engagements in the United States (including the opening of Signs where it was #1). [9]

Benjamin Franklin would often travel to Bensalem to visit his friend, Joseph Galloway, at Growden Mansion. At the time, the Galloway family owned all of present-day Bensalem Township. A local legend maintains that Franklin performed his famous kite-flying experiment in Bensalem, at the mansion, to prove that lightning was the same as static electricity. (The broader consensus is that Benjamin Franklin flew his kite closer to his home in Philadelphia.)

Bensalem is home to the Philadelphia Gun Club which hosts one of the few trap pigeon shoots in the United States. Live birds are released from boxes called traps and then shot by club members. Many birds are not killed outright and are collected to be killed by hand.[21][22][23]

Andalusia and Belmont are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Andalusia is also designated a National Historic Landmark.[24]

The U.S. subsidiary of Hoshino, who manufactures Tama Drums and Ibanez guitars is located here

Bensalem is home to Neshaminy State Park. Also, in the center of Bensalem is the Bensalem Township Community Park, which features a skatepark, playground, basketball courts, a roller-hockey rink, baseball football, soccer, and softball fields.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Bensalem Township is readily accessible with Interstate 95, Pennsylvania Turnpike (Interstate 276), U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 13 (Bristol Pike), Pennsylvania Route 63 (Woodhaven Road), Pennsylvania Route 132 (Street Road), and Pennsylvania Route 513 (Hulmeville Road) all passing through.[25] The Bensalem (formerly Philadelphia) Interchange of the Pennsylvania Turnpike (exit 351, at U.S. Route 1) is in the Trevose section of the township. In addition, the eastbound Street Road interchange of the Pennsylvania Turnpike (exit 352), which is E-ZPass only, serves Bensalem. The eastern terminus of the ticket system along the turnpike is located at the Neshaminy Falls toll plaza, east of the Street Road interchange.[25][26] The intersection of Knights and Street roads in Bensalem Township was ranked by Time magazine as the most dangerous intersection in the United States from 2003 until 2012.[27]

Two SEPTA Regional Rail lines serve Bensalem Township, providing service to Center City Philadelphia. The West Trenton Line stops at the Trevose and Neshaminy Falls stations in the northern part of the township. The Trenton Line stops at the Cornwells Heights and Eddington stations in the southern part of the township.[25][28] The Cornwells Heights station is also served by Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional services along the Northeast Corridor and has a park-and-ride with access from Interstate 95 and Pennsylvania Route 63.[29][30] CSX Transportation's Trenton Subdivision freight railroad line runs through the northern portion of the township.[25] Multiple SEPTA bus routes pass through the township, serving points of interest within the township and providing connections to Philadelphia and other suburbs. Bus routes serving Bensalem Township include SEPTA City Bus Routes 1, 14, 20, 50, 58, and 78 and SEPTA Suburban Bus Routes 128, 129, 130, 133, and 150. SEPTA also operates the Boulevard Direct, a limited-stop bus route between the Neshaminy Mall in Bensalem Township and the Frankford Transportation Center in Northeast Philadelphia that follows Roosevelt Boulevard through Northeast Philadelphia.[25][28] The Delaware River passes along the southeastern border of Bensalem Township and provides access for shipping. The Northeast Philadelphia Airport, located a couple miles away, provides general aviation services. The Philadelphia International Airport is 25 miles (40 km) away, offering flights to domestic and international destinations.[31]

Utilities[edit]

Electricity and natural gas in Bensalem Township is provided by PECO Energy Company, a subsidiary of Exelon.[32][33][34] Water in the township is provided by Aqua Pennsylvania, a subsidiary of Aqua America, while sewer service is provided by the Bucks County Water & Sewer Authority; Bensalem sold off its water and sewer system in 1999.[35][36][37] Trash and recycling collection is provided by private haulers.[37] Cable, telephone, and internet service to the area is provided by Xfinity and Verizon. Bensalem Township is served by area codes 215 and 267.[38]

Government[edit]

In 1987, the people of Bensalem voted to become a second-class township with a mayor-council form of government consisting of a five-member council and a mayor. The mayor is allowed to serve unlimited terms. The first mayor of Bensalem was Ed Burns, who was elected on 1989 and served in office from 1990 to 1994. The current mayor is Republican Joseph DiGirolamo, who is in his seventh consecutive term. He was elected mayor in 1994. His seventh term expires December 31, 2021.[39]

Education[edit]

Public schools in Bensalem are operated by the Bensalem Township School District. The school district consists of six elementary schools, two middle schools, and Bensalem High School. The township has its own nine-member school board. Holy Ghost Preparatory School is a private Catholic high school located in the township.

Economy[edit]

Rita's Franchise Company, LLC has its headquarters in the Trevose section of the township, as well as its first location in the Andalusia section.[10]

Philly Pretzel Factory has its headquarters in Bensalem.[11]

Fortune 1000 company Healthcare Services Group has its headquarters in Bensalem and is ranked #985 on the 2019 list.[40][12]

Former Fortune 1000 company Charming Shoppes had its headquarters in Bensalem, and was ranked #927 on the 2012 list.[41]

The US Headquarters for Ibanez Guitars and Tama Drums is located in Bensalem Township.

Suez Water Technologies & Solutions is a water treatment company based in the Trevose section of Bensalem Township.[42]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Bensalem Twp has a Humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid in Bensalem Twp, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 108 °F (42 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 103.0 °F (39.4 °C) on July 22, 2011, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 76.2 °F (24.6 °C) on August 13, 1999. The average wettest month is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.70 inches (170 mm) on August 27, 2011. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature is 1.9 °F (−16.7 °C).[43] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −8.8 °F (−22.7 °C) on January 22, 1984. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −8 °F (−22 °C). The average annual snowfall (Nov-Apr) is between 24 inches (61 cm) and 30 inches (76 cm). Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches (30 cm) occur once every few years, particularly during nor’easters from December through February.

Climate data for Bensalem Twp, Elevation 95 ft (29 m), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2018
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71.7
(22.1)
78.2
(25.7)
87.5
(30.8)
94.5
(34.7)
95.7
(35.4)
96.9
(36.1)
103.0
(39.4)
100.8
(38.2)
98.7
(37.1)
88.8
(31.6)
81.6
(27.6)
76.3
(24.6)
103.0
(39.4)
Average high °F (°C) 40.6
(4.8)
43.8
(6.6)
51.9
(11.1)
63.6
(17.6)
73.1
(22.8)
82.3
(27.9)
86.4
(30.2)
84.9
(29.4)
78.1
(25.6)
66.9
(19.4)
56.1
(13.4)
45.0
(7.2)
64.5
(18.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.6
(0.3)
35.1
(1.7)
42.3
(5.7)
52.9
(11.6)
62.3
(16.8)
71.8
(22.1)
76.4
(24.7)
75.0
(23.9)
67.9
(19.9)
56.5
(13.6)
46.8
(8.2)
37.0
(2.8)
54.8
(12.7)
Average low °F (°C) 24.5
(−4.2)
26.3
(−3.2)
32.8
(0.4)
42.2
(5.7)
51.4
(10.8)
61.3
(16.3)
66.4
(19.1)
65.0
(18.3)
57.7
(14.3)
46.0
(7.8)
37.6
(3.1)
29.1
(−1.6)
45.1
(7.3)
Record low °F (°C) −8.8
(−22.7)
−1.9
(−18.8)
4.7
(−15.2)
18.2
(−7.7)
33.8
(1.0)
42.9
(6.1)
49.1
(9.5)
43.8
(6.6)
37.3
(2.9)
26.1
(−3.3)
13.6
(−10.2)
0.5
(−17.5)
−8.8
(−22.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.56
(90)
2.72
(69)
4.22
(107)
3.90
(99)
4.27
(108)
4.24
(108)
5.04
(128)
4.34
(110)
4.19
(106)
3.74
(95)
3.49
(89)
3.95
(100)
47.66
(1,211)
Average relative humidity (%) 65.2 61.8 57.8 57.3 62.0 65.2 66.2 67.9 68.9 68.1 66.4 67.1 64.5
Average dew point °F (°C) 22.2
(−5.4)
23.3
(−4.8)
28.5
(−1.9)
38.2
(3.4)
49.1
(9.5)
59.5
(15.3)
64.3
(17.9)
63.7
(17.6)
57.3
(14.1)
46.1
(7.8)
36.2
(2.3)
27.1
(−2.7)
43.1
(6.2)
Source: PRISM[44]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Bensalem Twp would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[45] The plant hardiness zone is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 1.9 °F (−16.7 °C).[43] The spring bloom typically begins by April 7 and fall color usually peaks by November 5.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c MacReynolds, George, Place Names in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Doylestown, Bucks County Historical Society, Doylestown, PA, 1942, P22.
  4. ^ a b Bensalem Township. Bensalemtwp.org (1979-03-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  5. ^ [1] Archived January 16, 2002, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/brc/rivers/riversconservation/registry/low_nesh/LN2.pdf
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2006-02-08.
  8. ^ Census 2010: Pennsylvania. Usatoday.Com. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ http://time.com/money/collection-post/3312358/bensalem-pa-best-places-to-live
  11. ^ http://www.bensalemoutreach.org
  12. ^ http://www.tiferethisraelpa.org
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ US Northeast | Thai Buddhist temple to rise. Buddhistchannel.tv (2007-08-13). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  15. ^ [3] Archived September 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ The Unofficial "Signs" Movie Site | Bensalem Shoot. Signsmovie.co.uk. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  17. ^ [4][dead link]
  18. ^ [5] Archived August 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Klein, Michael. (2010-12-09) Inqlings: Tango Traffic green-lights first on-air hires. Philly.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  20. ^ [6][dead link]
  21. ^ Bensalem pigeon shoot highlights need for new law in Pennsylvania, January 1, 2010, Philadelphia Animal Advocate Examiner, by Megan Drake
  22. ^ Mom, apple pie, and wasting pigeons, October 1, 2010, The Daily Bird, http://www.parrotchronicles.com/blog/dailybird_oct_dec2010.htm[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ PRICE IS RIGHT: Bob Barker Donates $1 Million To The Movement To Stop Pennsyltucky Pigeon Shoots phawker.com
  24. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  25. ^ a b c d e Bucks County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  26. ^ 2019 Toll Schedule (PDF). Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  27. ^ "Where's the most dangerous intersection in America?". Time. August 28, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  28. ^ a b SEPTA Official Transit & Street Map Suburban (PDF) (Map). SEPTA. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  29. ^ "Cornwells Heights, PA (CWH)". Amtrak. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  30. ^ "Selected Regional Park & Ride Lots" (PDF). Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  31. ^ "Transportation". Bensalem Township Pennsylvania. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  32. ^ "PECO: Company Information". PECO Energy Company. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  33. ^ "Electric Service Tariff" (PDF). PECO Energy Company. July 17, 2017. p. 4. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  34. ^ "Gas Service Tariff" (PDF). PECO Energy Company. August 30, 2017. p. 2. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  35. ^ "Rates and Rules Governing the Distribution of Water" (PDF). Aqua Pennsylvania. March 11, 2013. p. 3. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  36. ^ "Water & Sewer". Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  37. ^ a b "FAQ-Public Works". Bensalem Township, Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  38. ^ Area Code 215 and 267 Map (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
  39. ^ "Township Government". Bensalem Township Pennsylvania. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  40. ^ Healthcare Services Group | Fortune. fortune.com. Retrieved on 2019-09-20.
  41. ^ Charming Shoppes, Inc. | Fortune. fortune.com. Retrieved on 2019-09-20.
  42. ^ [7] Archived 2016-09-14 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2013-12-31.
  43. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  44. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  45. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved October 3, 2019.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Lower Southampton Township
Bordering communities
of Philadelphia
Succeeded by
Delanco Township, New Jersey
Burlington County