Bentley Azure

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1996 Bentley Azure

The Bentley Azure is a large, four seater convertible grand tourer manufactured by British automobile manufacturer Bentley Motors. The model debuted in 1995 on the Bentley Continental R platform and was produced until 2003. After a three-year break a completely new version powered by a significantly updated engine and based on the newer Arnage platform debuted in 2006.

First generation (1995–2003)[edit]

Bentley Azure Mark I
Bentley Continental R Azure 1995-2003 frontleft.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBentley Motors
Production1995–2003
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer (S)
Body style2-door convertible
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
PlatformRolls-Royce SZ
Related
Powertrain
Engine6.75 L turbocharged Bentley L410 MT 1T V8
Transmission4-speed GM 4L80-E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,060 mm (120.5 in)
Length5,340 mm (210.2 in)
Width1,880 mm (74.0 in)
Height1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Kerb weight2,610 kg (5,754 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorBentley Continental Convertible

The Azure debuted in March 1995 at the Geneva Motor Show on the platform of the Continental R model, which had been originally launched in 1991. Production only crept to a start, with a mere nine examples finished in the first year – in 1996, after full production had started, no less than 251 cars were finished.[1] Pininfarina assisted in the two-year process of turning the Continental R into a full four-seater convertible, and also built the shell and soft-top at their factory in Italy, largely from parts sourced in the UK. Final assembly was then carried out at Crewe. A roll-bar was never considered, which necessitated extensive reinforcing of the chassis.[2] At 210 in (5,340 mm) in length and 2,608 kg (5,750 lb) in weight, the Azure often surprised onlookers with its size and bulk, intended to both convey a sense of "presence" and allow for comfortable seating of four adult passengers.

Power came from the company's stalwart 6.75-litre V8, featuring a single, intercooled Garrett turbocharger and rated in the region of 365 PS (268 kW; 360 hp) – Rolls-Royce and Bentley did not yet give official power numbers at the time of the Azure's introduction.[3] By the time production began in earnest, a new engine management system from Zytek meant a slight power increase to 390 PS (287 kW; 385 hp) at 4,000 rpm and 750 N⋅m (553 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2,000 rpm; power was routed to the rear wheels via a modified, General Motors sourced, four-speed 4L80-E automatic transmission. With a 0-100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration time of 6.5 seconds and a top speed of 241 km/h (150 mph),[4] the Azure was very fast for a car of its size, weight and poor aerodynamic profile.

Owing to the limited space and workforce at Bentley's Crewe factory, the Azure's electrically powered convertible top made from thick fabric was designed and manufactured by Pininfarina, which significantly added to the vehicle's cost. New in 1995, the Azure was priced at GB£215,167 – GB£22,590 more than the Continental R on which it was based.

From 1999 until the end of production, the Azure was also available in "Mulliner" trim, which added special bespoke trim and additional equipment and allowed the buyer the option for further customisation during the build-process; pricing varied by car, as equipment could be significantly different from one to the next depending on customer requests.

Bentley Azure
Body 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999** 2000 2001 2002 Totals
Azure 3 160 229 200 209 141 189 194 78 1,403

*stated by Pininfarina production records

**From 2 varying documents, newer data used

Second generation (2006–2009)[edit]

Bentley Azure Mark II
07 Bentley Azure (9885310443).jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBentley Motors
Production2006–2009
AssemblyEngland: Crewe
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer (S)
Body style2-door 2+2 convertible
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Related
Powertrain
Engine6.75 L Bentley V8
Transmission6-speed ZF 6HP-26 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,117 mm (122.7 in)[5]
Length5,392 mm (212.3 in)[5]
Width74.8 in (1,900 mm) (with mirrors: 83.7 in (2,125 mm))[5]
Height1,397 mm (55.0 in)[5]
Kerb weight2,695 kg (5,941 lb)[5]

Volkswagen purchased Bentley from Vickers in 1998 when the Azure had been in production for three years. Volkswagen executives decided to keep the then-current Azure in production until 2003, then introduce its successor at a later date. Production of the new Azure began for the 2006 model year.

Now based on the Arnage platform, power came from the then-current variant of the Bentley twin-turbocharged V8 rated at 456 PS (335 kW; 450 hp) and 875 N⋅m (645 lb⋅ft) of torque. The Arnage was designed for the BMW 4.4-litre engine. However due the takeover battle in 1998 between BMW and Volkswagen Group for ownership of Rolls Royce and Bentley Motors, BMW had threatened to stop supply of their engines if Volkswagen Group won. While the threat was later withdrawn in conjunction with BMW acquiring the right to manufacture Rolls-Royce automobiles at a new location, it was clear that Volkswagen could not accept the business and reputation risks associated with having their rival as a long-term business partner.[6] Furthermore, customers were uncertain about engine and part availability. Volkswagen was thus forced to significantly re-work the "original" 6.75-liter Rolls-Royce/Bentley V8 in 2001, including a switch from the old single-turbo system to a modern twin-turbocharger setup, reducing turbo-lag and increasing horsepower output. A new, 6-speed ZF 6HP-26 automatic transmission fed power to the rear wheels.

Rear view

Bentley claims a 0 to 97 km/h acceleration time of 5.6 seconds and a top speed of 270 km/h (168 mph), slightly faster than the previous model and still very good for a vehicle of this size and weight.

The United States Department of Energy lists Bentley Azure as the least fuel-efficient car in its class[7] with only 9 miles per US gallon (26 L/100 km; 11 mpg‑imp) in the city and 15 miles per US gallon (16 L/100 km; 18 mpg‑imp) on the highway.

Azure T (2009)[edit]

The "T" is a higher performance version of the Azure. Styling changes include 8.5J x 20-inch five-spoke, two-piece alloy wheels with 255/40 ZR20 Pirelli P Zero tyres, 'Le Mans' lower front wing air vents, dark-tinted upper and lower grilles, 'jewel' fuel filler cap (made from billet aluminium) and wing mirror mountings finished in body colour. The exterior styling was inspired by the Bentley Mark VI.

Audio system includes large display audio head unit with Secure Digital (SD) memory card slot, iPod/USB/3.5 mm AUX interface; with optional 'Naim for Bentley' 10-speaker, 1,100W audio system. Electronic Stability Programme, Tire Pressure Monitoring System are now standard equipment.

The twin-turbocharged engine was now rated 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft) torque. It has a 0–97 km/h acceleration time of 5.1 seconds (0–100 km/h acceleration time of 5.5 seconds), 0–160 km/h acceleration time of 12.0 seconds and a top speed of 288 km/h (179 mph).

The Azure T was unveiled at the 2008 LA Auto Show.[8]

Successor[edit]

The Azure had no immediate successor. However, at the 2014 Los Angeles Auto Show, Bentley unveiled a concept car built on the Mulsanne platform that followed the same formula as the two generations of thr Azure that proceeded it. Bentley did not use the Azure name again with the concept, simply calling it the Grand Convertible.[9]

The production version of the Grand Convertible was unveiled at the 2017 Dubai Motor Show. The production version was also based on the Mulsanne platform but is 99 mm (3.9 in) shorter due to the elimination of rear doors. The production version retained the wooden deck as shown on the concept car and the deck is described to be the biggest piece of wood ever applied to a production car. Mulliner, Bentley's internal coachbuilder, was tasked with the production of the Grand Convertible which was limited to 19 units only.[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robson, Graham (1999). Rolls-Royce and Bentley: Volume 4: Silver Spirit to Azure 1980–1998 (Collector's Guide). Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. p. 98. ISBN 1-899870-30-X.
  2. ^ Robson, pp. 98, 100
  3. ^ Robson, pp. 97, 122
  4. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (6 March 1997). Automobil Revue 1997 (in German and French). 92. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 168. ISBN 3-444-10479-0.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Bentley Azure Detailed Specifications" (PDF). Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Bentley Arnage Red Label". Car and Driver.
  7. ^ "Most and Least Fuel Efficient Cars". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  8. ^ Nuñez, Alex (12 November 2008). "LA Preview: Bentley Azure T to debut in city of angels". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  9. ^ "The Bentley Grand Convertible". Pursuing W.O. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  10. ^ Padeanu, Adrian (18 November 2017). "Bentley Quietly Debuted $3.5-Million Grand Convertible In Dubai". Motor1. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  11. ^ Glon, Ronan (24 November 2017). "'Exclusive' doesn't begin to describe the Bentley Mulsanne Grand Convertible". Digital Trends. Retrieved 4 May 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Holmes, Mark (2007). Ultimate Convertibles: Roofless Beauty. London: Kandour. pp. 26–29. ISBN 978-1-905741-62-5.
  • Hutton, Ray. "Bentley Azure". Car and Driver (June 1995): 101–102.

External links[edit]