|Location||Bentonville Township and Newton Grove, Johnston County, North Carolina, USA|
|Area||6,500 acres (10.2 sq mi) (landmarked battlefield area)
130 acres (53 ha) (state historic site area)
|NRHP Reference #||70000460|
|Added to NRHP||February 26, 1970|
|Designated NHLD||June 19, 1996|
Bentonville Battlefield is a North Carolina state historic site at 5466 Harper House Road in Johnston County, North Carolina. It is the site of the 1865 Battle of Bentonville, fought in the waning days of the American Civil War. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1996.
Description and history
The Bentonville Battlefield is located in southern Johnston County, roughly midway between Newton Grove and Bentonville. The visitors center is located at the junction of Harper House Road and Mill Creek Church Road (County Roads 1008 and 1108, respectively). It is roughly at the southwestern corner of the area in which the battle took place, which extends most of the way to Bentonville, and is also the location of the Harper House, the only surviving building from the time of the battle. Evidence of earthworks erected by both Union and Confederate forces is visible in the agricultural fields in this area.
The Battle of Bentonville was fought March 19–21, 1865, and was the largest Civil War battle fought in North Carolina. The Confederate defeat marked a serious weakening of one of its last surviving major armies, but was a significant enough engagement that it convinced Union General Ulysses S. Grant to leave General William T. Sherman in North Carolina, in order to further subdue the surviving forces led by General Joseph E. Johnston.
Visitors to the Bentonville Battlefield can tour the restored Harper House, which has been furnished as a Civil War field hospital, and includes a reconstructed kitchen and slave quarters. Exhibits at the park's visitor center focus on the battle, and include interactive maps, artifacts and displays about soldiers and commanders from both armies. There is also a 10-minute audiovisual program about the battle. Outdoor exhibits in the park include the Federal XX Corps reserve trenches, the Harper family cemetery, a Confederate mass grave, several monuments and a field fortification exhibit.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battle of Bentonville.|
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Johnston County, North Carolina
- List of National Historic Landmarks in North Carolina
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Bentonville Battleground". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- John Goode; Paul Hawke; James H. Charleton & Patty Henry (November 22, 1994). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Bentonville Battlefield" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 4 photos, undated (32 KB)
- http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bentonvi/fiber-optic.htm New Exhibits
- http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bentonvi/facilities.htm Facilities