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No. 14 chair
Cradle by Gebrüder Thonet (ca. 1870)

Bentwood objects are those made by wetting wood (either by soaking or by steaming), then bending it and letting it harden into curved shapes and patterns.

In furniture making this method is often used in the production of rocking chairs, cafe chairs, and other light furniture. The iconic No. 14 chair by Thonet is a well-known design based on the technique. The process is in widespread use for making casual and informal furniture of all types, particularly seating and table forms. It is also a popular technique in the worldwide production of furniture with frames made of heavy cane, which is commonly imported into European and Western shops.

A red cedar Tsimshian bentwood box dating from the 1880s, on display at the UBC Museum of Anthropology

Bentwood boxes are a traditional item made by the First Nations people of the North American west coast including the Haida, Gitxsan, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Sugpiaq, Unangax, Yup'ik, Inupiaq and Coast Salish. These boxes are generally made out of one piece of wood that is steamed and bent to form a box. Traditional uses of the boxes was varied and included storage of food goods, clothing and for burial. They were often without decoration while others were decorated elaborately. Today many are made for collectors and can be purchased from museums, gift shops and online sites as well as directly commissioned from the artists.[1][2][3][4]

The Aleut or Unangan People of Alaska made hunting visors, called chagudax, out of driftwood using the bentwood method. The visors were used by hunters who were in kayaks. They are said to help keep the sea spray off the face as well as improve hearing. They were often decorated with paints, beads, sea lion whiskers and ivory figurines. Andrew Gronholdt is credited with reviving the art of chagudax carving in the 1980s. Present day Unangan artists create chagudax for ceremonial purposes and offer them for sale to the public as well.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Treasures Gallery - Bentwood storage boxes". Canadian Museum of Civilization. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  2. ^ "Haida Gwaii … "Islands of the People"". Haida Heritage Centre. 2010-09-15. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  3. ^ "Collection Online: Bentwood". Museum of Anthropology at UBC. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  4. ^ George MacDonald (1996). Haida Art. University of Washington Press.
  5. ^ "Alaska Native Collections Smithsonian Institution". Retrieved 14 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Ancient Aleut Art of Making Bentwood Visors Showcased at Anchorage Museum". Archived from the original on 21 July 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2012.

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