3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||135.1863 g/mol|
|Melting point||2 °C (36 °F; 275 K)|
|Boiling point||227 to 228 °C (441 to 442 °F; 500 to 501 K)|
|Supplementary data page|
|Refractive index (n),|
Dielectric constant (εr), etc.
|UV, IR, NMR, MS|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Benzothiazole is an aromatic heterocyclic compound with the chemical formula C
5NS. It is colorless, slightly viscous liquid. Although the parent compound, benzothiazole is not widely used, many of its derivatives are found in commercial products or in nature. Firefly luciferin can be considered a derivative of benzothiazole.
Structure and preparation
- C6H4(NH2)SH + RC(O)Cl → C6H4(NH)SCR + HCl + H2O
Benzothiazole occurs naturally in some foods but is also used as a food additive. It has a sulfurous odor and meaty flavor. The European Food Safety Authority assessment had "no safety concern at estimated levels of intake as a flavouring substance".
The heterocyclic core of the molecule is readily substituted at the unique methyne centre in the thiazole ring. It is a thermally stable electron-withdrawing moiety with numerous applications in dyes such as thioflavin. Some drugs contain this group, examples being riluzole and pramipexole. Accelerators for the sulfur vulcanization of rubber are based on 2-mercaptobenzothiazoles. This ring is a potential component in nonlinear optics (NLO). A benzothiazole derivative is suggested as a dye for arsenic detection.
- Benzothiazoles are related to thiazoles, which lack the fused benzene ring.
- Benzoxazoles, which substitute an oxygen for the sulfur atom.
- T. E. Gilchrist "Heterocyclic Chemistry" 3rd Edition, Longman, 1992.
- Lucille Le Bozec, Christopher J. Moody "Naturally Occurring Nitrogen–Sulfur Compounds. The Benzothiazole Alkaloids" Australian Journal of Chemistry 62(7) 639–647.doi:10.1071/CH09126
- "Benzothiazole". The Good Scents Company. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- "Flavouring Group Evaluation 76, (FGE.76) - Consideration of sulphur-containing heterocyclic compounds evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to thiazoles, thiophene, thiazoline and thienyl derivatives from chemical group 29, miscellaneous". EFSA Journal. 6 (11): 875. 2008. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2008.875.
- Hans-Wilhelm Engels, Herrmann-Josef Weidenhaupt, Manfred Pieroth, Werner Hofmann, Karl-Hans Menting, Thomas Mergenhagen, Ralf Schmoll, Stefan Uhrlandt "Rubber, 4. Chemicals and Additives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2004, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a23_365.pub2
- Hrobarik, P.; Sigmundova, I.; Zahradnik, P.; Kasak, P.; Arion, V.; Franz, E.; Clays, K. (2010). "Molecular Engineering of Benzothiazolium Salts with Large Quadratic Hyperpolarizabilities: Can Auxiliary Electron-Withdrawing Groups Enhance Nonlinear Optical Responses?". Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 114 (50): 22289–22302. doi:10.1021/jp108623d.
- Chauhan, Kalpana; Singh, Prem; Kumari, Bhawana; Singhal, Rakesh Kumar (2017-03-16). "Synthesis of new benzothiazole Schiff base as selective and sensitive colorimetric sensor for arsenic on-site detection at ppb level". Analytical Methods. 9 (11): 1779–1785. doi:10.1039/C6AY03302D. ISSN 1759-9679.