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Berea City Hall
|Nickname(s): The Folk Arts And Crafts Capital Of Kentucky|
|Motto(s): "Where Art's Alive"|
Location of Berea in Madison County, Kentucky.
|• Mayor||Steve Connelly|
|• Total||9.4 sq mi (24.2 km2)|
|• Land||9.3 sq mi (24.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,024 ft (312 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||15,147|
|• Density||1,451/sq mi (560.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0486894|
Berea is a home rule-class city in Madison County, Kentucky, in the United States. The town is best known for its art festivals, historic restaurants and buildings, and as the home to Berea College, a private, liberal arts college. The population was 13,561 at the 2010 census. It is one of the fastest-growing towns in Kentucky, having increased by 27.4% since 2000.
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In 1850 this area, called the Glade, was a community of scattered farms with a racetrack and citizens sympathetic to emancipation. In 1853, rich and politically ambitious Cassius Marcellus Clay gave Reverend John Gregg Fee a free tract of land in the Glade. With local supporters and other abolitionist missionaries from the American Missionary Association, Fee established two churches (First Christian Church and Union Church), a tiny village, and Berea College. Fee named Berea after a biblical town Berea (today Veria) in Macedonia, northern Greece, where the people "received the Word with all readiness of mind."
Founded in 1855, Berea College was the only interracial and coeducational college in the South for nearly forty years. Its motto is "God has made of one blood all peoples of the Earth," a paraphrase of Acts 17:26. Reverend Fee modeled it on Oberlin College in Ohio and hoped it would become an academic beacon to Northern students. Pro-slavery supporters expelled Fee and his followers from Berea in 1859, in the aftermath of John Brown's Raid. Fee had delivered an address at the Pilgrim Church in Brooklyn, New York, in the pulpit of Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. Fee's remarks were reported in the New York Times, but were misrepresented in the Louisville Courier. Subsequently, everyone at the college was given ten days to leave the state. Most lived in Cincinnati or nearby northern towns for several years, returning for good after the war.
Starting in 1864, during the American Civil War, John G. Fee applied his energies to improving conditions for former slaves at Camp Nelson who had volunteered for the Union Army. He started with preaching but saw there were other pressing needs for them and their families. He helped arrange for construction of facilities to support them and their families at the camp, including housing, a hospital, church and school. After the war, African-American families came to Berea to take part in its education and interracial vision. For years it included instruction in preparatory grades for college.
In the 1890s, as part of a general heritage movement in the US, there was a growing national interest in the culture and traditions of Appalachia by writers, academics, missionaries and teachers. In addition to organizations such as the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) and Daughters of the Confederacy (DOC) being founded, people had renewed interest in traditional crafts. It was in part a reaction to continuing urbanization and industrialization. Fascinated by the rich culture of Appalachia and dismayed by the region's isolation and poverty, donors to Berea College were enthusiastic about the quality of traditional coverlets brought by students in exchange for tuition.
College President William Frost (1893–1920) took many such coverlets with him on fund-raising trips North. The college had maintained connections with groups in Boston and other cities which had supported it from its earliest days. Frost, perceiving a national market for traditional crafts, established the first Berea College Fireside Industries. Frost encouraged craftspeople to move to Berea. The college built a loom house and hired a supervisor to train and maintain the quality of student work. The first supervisor of weaving was Jennie Lester Hill. She was succeeded in 1911 by Anna Ernberg, a Swedish weaver who at Berea taught several influential figures in the American Handweaving Revival.
Berea College attracts many regional, national, as well as international students. Students work on campus and receive free tuition. There are many criteria for getting into this college, including a modest family income, or an independent status as a student. It is also assumed that to get into Berea College, students must have at least a 3.8 unweighted High School GPA. The college's current president is Dr. Lyle Roelofs.
Berea has maintained its support for traditional arts and crafts. The recently built Kentucky Artisan Center, located at Exit 77 of Interstate 75, hosts a wide variety of works by Kentucky artisans. The Old Town and College Square areas have numerous galleries selling locally- and regionally-produced arts and crafts, as well as the studios of working artists. In 1922, David Carroll Churchill founded Churchill Weavers, which produced handwoven goods until spring 2007.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24 km2), of which 9.3 square miles (24 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.32%) is water. Berea is on the border of the Cumberland Plateau. The area has a mountainous appearance, but most outcroppings in the area have a max elevation of 2500 ft.
Berea has a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers and relatively cold winters. Summers tend to be humid and sunny, with occasional storms, while winters are generally cold with many milder periods.
|Climate data for Berea, Kentucky|
|Record high °F (°C)||77
|Average high °F (°C)||45
|Average low °F (°C)||28
|Record low °F (°C)||−21
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.91
|Source: The Weather Channel.|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2010 census, there were 13,561 people, 5,119 households and 3,382 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,458.2 per square mile (560.4/km²). There were 5,633 housing units at an average density of 612.3 per square mile (232.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 4.00% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.2 percent Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.7% of the population.
There were 5,119 households of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them. 47.1% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.92. It is known as a politically progressive community with an active arts and crafts movement and a large number of arts professionals among its residents.
The age distribution was 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 21, 53.2% from 21 to 62, 2.8% from 62 to 65, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.4 years. The population was 53.4% female and 46.6% male (81 males per 100 females).
The median household income was $38,333 and the median family income was $45,541. Males had a median income of $28,304 compared $12,163 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,003. About 27.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.6% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
Major employers include
- Hitachi Automotive Systems Americas (auto parts)
- Kentucky Steel Center (auto parts)
- KI (USA) (auto parts)
- STEMCO Motor Wheel (auto parts)
- NACCO Materials Handling Group (forklifts)
- Novelis (metals)
- Pittsburgh Glass Works (auto parts)
- Berea College
- City of Berea
- Madison County School System
Arts and culture
Due to the high number of arts and crafts produced, Berea is a tourist attraction. It hosts several crafts festivals throughout the year. Berea also hosts a Spoonbread Festival in mid-September, which features a cornmeal bread traditionally served with a wooden spoon.
- Sue Draheim, fiddler, lived in Berea in her later years until her death in 2013.
- John Fenn, recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry; grew up in Berea.
- Red Foley, singer, musician, and radio and TV personality; raised in Berea and graduated from Berea High School.
- bell hooks, author, radical feminist, and social activist; currently lives in Berea.
- Silas House, writer and novelist currently lives in Berea.
- Louise Gilman Hutchins (1911–1996), pediatrician and president of Berea's Mountain Maternal Health League.
- Wynonna Judd, country music singer; briefly lived and attended school in Berea.
- Naomi Judd, country music singer; briefly lived in Berea.
- Ashley Judd, actress, humanitarian and political activist; briefly lived and attended school in Berea
- Lily May Ledford, banjo player, member of the Coon Creek Girls; lived in Berea and is buried in the Berea cemetery.
- J.P. Pennington, musician, son of Lily May Ledford; born in Berea.
- Jean Ritchie, musician, "Mother of Folk"; resided in Berea until her death in 2015.
- Tony Snow, former White House press secretary; born in Berea.
- Luke Stocker, NFL player, tight end, Tampa Bay Buccaneers; graduated from Madison Southern High School.
- Damien Harris, college football player at the University of Alabama; graduated from Madison Southern High School
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Berea, Kentucky". Accessed 15 July 2013.
- About Berea College: Our Motto
- Bible Gateway
- NO CHILD'S PLAY: Berea College and the Appalachian Handcraft Revival
- "Monthly Climatology for Travel Section". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- American FactFinder - Results Archived March 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2012-5-20
- "Berea Madison County Business and Industry". Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development. 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- Herschbach, Dudley R.; Kolb, Charles E. (2014). "John Bennett Fenn" (PDF). National Academy of Sciences.
- CMT : News : Wynonna Reflects in Coming Home to Myself
- The Kentucky Encyclopedia - John E. Kleber - Google Books
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Berea, Kentucky.|