Berehove

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Berehove
Берегове
Beregszász
City
В центрі Берегово.jpg
Реформатський гуртожиток ім. Ж. Кальвіна 02.jpg
Житловий будинок Берегове сечені.jpg
Будинок казино.jpg
Берегове палац комітатського суду.jpg
Фасад Графського двору Бетлена.jpg
Flag of Berehove
Coat of arms of Berehove
Berehove is located in Zakarpattia Oblast
Berehove
Berehove
Location of Berehovo
Berehove is located in Ukraine
Berehove
Berehove
Berehove (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°12′20″N 22°38′50″E / 48.20556°N 22.64722°E / 48.20556; 22.64722Coordinates: 48°12′20″N 22°38′50″E / 48.20556°N 22.64722°E / 48.20556; 22.64722
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zakarpattia Oblast
RaionCity of Berehove
Incorporated1945
Government
 • MayorZoltán Bálintova[1]
Area
 • Total19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
 (2022)[2]
 • Total23,325
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
90200
Area code+380-3141
ClimateCfb
Websiteberegivska.gromada.org.ua

Berehove (Ukrainian: Берегове; Hungarian: Beregszász) is a city located in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine, near the border with Hungary. It is the cultural centre of the Hungarian minority in Ukraine.

Serving as the administrative center of Berehove Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a city of oblast significance, with a status equal to a separate raion, with a population of 23,325 (2022 est.)[2].

Name[edit]

The city has many different variations of spelling its name: Romanian: Bereg, Rusyn: Берегово (translit. Berehovo), Russian: Берегово (translit. Beregovo), Belarusian: Берагава (Łacinka Bierahava), Czech and Slovak: Berehovo, Yiddish: בערעגסאז, Beregsaz, German: Bergsaß, Polish: Bereg Saski.

Residents of Berehovo voted on October 31, 2010, in a referendum on renaming the town to Beregszász, its Hungarian-language name.[3][4] Voter turnout was less than 52%, with 4,688 voting for renaming, 4,358 against, and 1,016 invalid ballots.[5]

Administrative division[edit]

Part of the city is also a near adjacent village of Zatyshne of 504 people that has its representation in the city's council.

Hungarian has been made a regional language in Berehovo in September 2012; meaning it will now be used in the town's administrative office work and documents.[6] This was made possible after new legislation on languages in Ukraine was passed in the summer of 2012.[6]

Climate[edit]

Berehove has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Berehove
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.5
(65.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.9
(40.8)
0.3
(32.5)
9.8
(49.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.8)
38
(1.5)
39
(1.5)
46
(1.8)
69
(2.7)
86
(3.4)
74
(2.9)
68
(2.7)
48
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
666
(26.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

History[edit]

In 1910, out of 12,933 inhabitants 12,432 were Hungarians (96.1%), 221 Ukrainians (Ruthenians) and 140 Germans.[8]

It was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary's Bereg County until 1920 and between 1940 and 1945.

From 1920 until 1938 it was part of Czechoslovakia. Prior to World War II, the city had a significant Jewish population, estimated at 8,000 persons. Only four returned following the war.[9]

A local newspaper has been published here since December 1945.[10]

In January 1989 the population was 30,157 people.[11][12]

In 2001, ethnic groups included:[13]

The first Hungarian-language college in Ukraine is in Berehovo, the II. Rákoczi Ferenc College.[14]

Notable citizens[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Berehove is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Ukrainian) In Berehovo, Transcarpathia, the majority of the council was occupied by representatives of Hungarians, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 November 2020)
  2. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ Information by Fedir Shandor, the Head of the Carpathian Polling Research Center according to Ukrainian Radio website Archived 2010-11-25 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Берегсас вместо Берегово (GLAVRED: Beregszász instead of Berehove) November 5, 2010
  5. ^ "Mégis Beregszász lesz Berehovóból! | Kitekintő.hu". Archived from the original on 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  6. ^ a b Romanian becomes regional language in Bila Tserkva in Zakarpattia region, Kyiv Post (24 September 2012)
  7. ^ "Climate: Berehove". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  8. ^ (Hungarian) Szarka László. "A városi magyar népesség a Magyarországgal szomszédos országokban (1910-2000)" (PDF). p. 201. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
  9. ^ Jim Bawden, "Auschwitz twin confronts past". Toronto Star, March 5, 2001: C7.
  10. ^ № 2746. «Красное знамя» // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.360
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
  12. ^ Берегово // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1991. стр.128
  13. ^ "Ukraine population census 2001". Rebek. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
  14. ^ "Скільки дітей в Україні навчаються мовами національних меншин?".
  15. ^ Andrea BOCSKOR, European Parliament
  16. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) A citizen of Ukraine has become a Member of European Parliament, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 July 2014)
  17. ^ "Google Maps".

External links[edit]