Berehove

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For the urban-type settlement in Crimea, see Berehove, Yalta Municipality.
Berehovo
Beregovo

Берегово (Ukrainian)
Beregszász (Hungarian)
City of regional significance
Flag of Berehovo Beregovo
Flag
Coat of arms of Berehovo Beregovo
Coat of arms
Berehove is located in Zakarpattia Oblast
Berehove
Berehove
Location of Berehovo
Coordinates: 48°12′20″N 22°38′50″E / 48.20556°N 22.64722°E / 48.20556; 22.64722Coordinates: 48°12′20″N 22°38′50″E / 48.20556°N 22.64722°E / 48.20556; 22.64722
Country  Ukraine
Incorporated 1945
Government
 • Mayor Zoltán Babiák
Area
 • Total 19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation 115 m (377 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 24,038
 • Density 1,371.05/km2 (3,551.0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 90200
Area code(s) +380-3141
Climate Cfb
Website http://www.bereg.net.ua/

Berehovo or Beregovo (Ukrainian: Берегово; Hungarian: Beregszász; Yiddish: בערעגסאזBeregsaz) is a city located in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine, near the border with Hungary. Population: 24,038 (2016 est.)[1]. It's the cultural centre of the Hungarian ethnicity living in Ukraine.

Serving as the administrative center of Berehove Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a city of oblast significance, with a status equal to a separate raion. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary's Bereg County until 1919 and between 1938–1944. From 1919 until 1938 it was part of Czechoslovakia.

Name[edit]

The dam in Berehove Postcard 1900

The city has many different variations of spelling its name: Romanian: Bereg, Rusyn: Берегово (translit. Berehovo), Russian: Берегово (translit. Beregovo), Czech and Slovak: Berehovo, Yiddish: בערעגסאז, Beregsaz‎, German: Bergsaß, Polish: Bereg Saski.

Residents of Berehovo voted on October 31, 2010 in a referendum on renaming the town to Beregszász, its Hungarian-language name.[2][3] Voter turnout was less than 52%, with 4,688 voting for renaming, 4,358 against, and 1,016 invalid ballots.[4]

Administrative division[edit]

City limit sign, in three scripts, two languages

Part of the city is also a near adjacent village of Zatyshne of 504 people that has its representation in the city's council.

Hungarian has been made a regional language in Berehovo in September 2012; meaning it will now be used in the town's administrative office work and documents.[5] This was made possible after new legislation on languages in Ukraine was passed in the summer of 2012.[5]

Climate[edit]

Berehove has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Berehove
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.5
(65.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.9
(40.8)
0.3
(32.5)
9.8
(49.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.77)
38
(1.5)
39
(1.54)
46
(1.81)
69
(2.72)
86
(3.39)
74
(2.91)
68
(2.68)
48
(1.89)
44
(1.73)
51
(2.01)
58
(2.28)
666
(26.23)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

Demographics[edit]

In 1910, out of 12,933 inhabitants 12,432 were Hungarians (96.1%), 221 Ukrainians (Ruthenians) and 140 Germans.[7]

The current estimated population is around 26,100 (as of 2005).

In 2001, ethnic groups included:[8]

Prior to World War II, the city had a significant Jewish population, estimated at 8,000 persons. Only four returned, following the war.[9]

Variation of the city's shield

Notable citizens[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Berehove is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Information by Fedir Shandor, the Head of the Carpathian Polling Research Center according to Ukrainian Radio website
  3. ^ Берегсас вместо Берегово (GLAVRED: Beregszász instead of Berehove) November 5, 2010
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b Romanian becomes regional language in Bila Tserkva in Zakarpattia region, Kyiv Post (24 September 2012)
  6. ^ "Climate: Berehove". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  7. ^ (Hungarian) Szarka László. "A városi magyar népesség a Magyarországgal szomszédos országokban (1910-2000)" (PDF). p. 201. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  8. ^ "Ukraine population census 2001". Rebek. 
  9. ^ Jim Bawden, "Auschwitz twin confronts past". Toronto Star, March 5, 2001: C7.
  10. ^ Andrea BOCSKOR, European Parliament
  11. ^ a b (Ukrainian) A citizen of Ukraine has become a Member of European Parliament, Ukrayinska Pravda (3 July 2014)

External links[edit]