Headquarters in Hamburg
|Limited partnership with personally liable partners|
|Founder||Hans and Paul Berenberg|
|Products||Investment banking, institutional asset management, private banking, commercial banking, securities research, mergers and acquisitions, art consultancy|
Number of employees
Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co., commonly known as Berenberg Bank and branded as Berenberg, is a German multinational financial institution headquartered in Hamburg, primarily an investment bank and a private bank. It is the world's oldest merchant bank, the world's oldest private bank, the world's second oldest bank overall and the oldest German bank.
The bank was founded in Hamburg in 1590 by Hans and Paul Berenberg, brothers from Antwerp in modern Belgium. The bank has been continuously owned by their descendants, a family dynasty comprising the three related families Berenberg, Gossler and Seyler, who were among the leading families of the ruling class of Hanseaten of the city-state of Hamburg. The bank is organized as a limited partnership with personally liable partners.
The Berenbergs had been cloth merchants since the 15th century, and the company was originally a merchant house active in large-scale cloth import-export. It quickly extended its activities to other commodities and became involved in both shipping and merchant banking in the 17th century. Today Berenberg Bank is one of the leading independent investment banks and private banks of Europe, with over €36 billion assets under management and 1,300 employees. Its core areas are investment banking, institutional asset management, private banking for wealthy private customers and corporate banking. Berenberg Bank is also well known for its securities research.
Headquartered in Hamburg, the bank has offices in Frankfurt, Düsseldorf, Munich, Stuttgart, and other German cities as well as in Zurich, Geneva, Luxembourg, London, Paris, New York, Boston, San Francisco, Chicago, Salzburg, Vienna, and Shanghai. In recent years its London office in Threadneedle Street has grown rapidly to become Berenberg's second largest office, focusing on investment banking and private banking for the ultra wealthy. Berenberg has several subsidiaries, including the Swiss subsidiary Berenberg Bank (Schweiz) AG, the Luxembourg subsidiary Berenberg Lux Invest S.A. (asset management) and the U.S. subsidiary Berenberg Capital Markets LLC. Berenberg owns 50% of Universal Investment, one of Germany's leading investment companies with €143 billion assets under management. In 2014, Berenberg Bank applied for an American banking license, to launch full investment bank services in the United States. The Berenberg Bank Stiftung is a philanthropic foundation established in 1990 on the occasion of the bank's 400th anniversary.
Berenberg Bank has been the co-founder of many other companies and banks, among them the Hamburg America Line, Norddeutscher Lloyd, Norddeutsche Bank, the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Danske Bank, Handelsbanken, and what is now the HypoVereinsbank. Described as a "private bank like out of a storybook", Berenberg Bank has been named "Best Private Bank in Germany" by the Financial Times, ahead of Deutsche Bank, and its Swiss subsidiary as one of the "best banks in Switzerland". The bank is noted for its conservative business strategy and investment policy, and experienced significant growth following the 2000s financial crisis.
The Berenberg Company was founded in Hamburg in 1590 by the brothers Hans (1561–1626) and Paul Berenberg (1566–1645). In 1585, the Protestant Berenbergs left Antwerp in today's Belgium, at the time one of Europe's commercial centres, as Protestants in the Low Countries were given the choice either to convert to Catholicism or leave the country. The bank has been continuously owned by their descendants ever since.
The Berenbergs were originally cloth merchants and quickly extended their business to other commodities. Hans Berenberg's grandson Cornelius Berenberg (1634–1711) was the first to engage in merchant banking and developed the company into a very successful merchant house and merchant bank. He forged trade links with France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Scandinavia and Russia. Family connections of the Berenbergs were instrumental to the development, especially in Livorno and Lisbon with its colonies of wealthy Dutch merchants.
Cornelius Berenberg's son, Rudolf Berenberg (1680–1746), was elected a Senator, that is, a member of the government of the city-state, in 1735. By the mid 18th century, investment banking and acceptance credits comprised a significant part of the firm's activities. Rudolf Berenberg was married to Anna Elisabeth Amsinck (1690–1748), a daughter of the Lisbon and Hamburg merchant Paul Amsinck (1649–1706) and a descendant of the Welser family. Their sons, Senator Paul Berenberg (1716–1768) and Johann Berenberg (1718–1772), became owners of the Berenberg company.
In 1768 Senator Paul Berenberg died childless, while his brother Johann Berenberg lost his only son in the same year. To ensure the continuation of the firm, Johann Berenberg took on his son-in-law Johann Hinrich Gossler (1738–90) as a new partner in 1769. Gossler was the scion of an ancient Hamburg family and had married Berenberg's only daughter Elisabeth Berenberg (1749–1822) the previous year. Elisabeth Berenberg was the last member of the Hamburg Berenberg family, which became extinct in the male line upon her death in 1822. Johann Hinrich Gossler and Elisabeth Berenberg have descendants in Germany and Norway named Gossler, von Berenberg-Gossler, Seyler, von Hosstrup, Pinckernelle, Burchard, Wegner, Amsinck, Paus, Kaemmerer and von Bernstorff, among other names.
In 1788 Johann Hinrich Gossler took on a new partner, his son-in-law L.E. Seyler (1758–1836) (the son of the Swiss-born theatre director Abel Seyler), who had married his eldest daughter Anna Henriette Gossler (1771–1836). From 1790, the company was led by L.E. Seyler, and his mother-in-law Elisabeth Berenberg was a partner in her own right from 1790 to 1800. Seyler's brother-in-law Johann Heinrich Gossler (1775–1842) joined the firm in 1798 and became a Hamburg senator in 1821. Under Seyler's leadership, the company name was changed to Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. effective from 1 January 1791. In the company name, Joh. Berenberg refers to Johann Berenberg (1718–1772), Gossler refers to Johann Hinrich Gossler and Co. originally refers to L.E. Seyler.
Johann Berenberg (1718–1772)
Elisabeth Berenberg (1749–1822)
Johann Hinrich Gossler (1738–1790)
L.E. Seyler (1758–1836)
Johann Heinrich Gossler (II)'s son Hermann Gossler (1802–1877) was a senator and First Mayor of Hamburg, while his son Johann Heinrich Gossler (III) (1805–1879) continued the firm. Johann Heinrich Gossler (III) was the father of Baron Johann von Berenberg-Gossler (1839–1913). In 1880 the Hamburg Senate granted the family the name of Berenberg-Gossler, and in 1888, the family was ennobled in the Kingdom of Prussia as von Berenberg-Gossler. In 1910 Johann von Berenberg-Gossler was given the title Baron. Baron Johann von Berenberg-Gossler was the father of John von Berenberg-Gossler (1866–1943), a Senator and German Ambassador in Rome.
In the 19th century, the bank financed the industrialisation process in Hamburg and transportation activities, and was strongly involved in the North American trade and its finance. The company was (together with the merchant house H.J. Merck & Co.) one of the main founders of Germany's largest shipping companies, the Hamburg America Line (HAPAG) in 1847 and Norddeutscher Lloyd in 1857. They were also one of the main founders of Vereinsbank Hamburg (now the HypoVereinsbank) (1857), the Ilseder Hütte ironworks (1858), and the Norddeutsche Versicherungs AG (1857). The houses of Berenberg-Gossler, H.J. Merck and Salomon Heine were also the main founders of the Norddeutsche Bank in 1856, the first joint-stock bank in northern Germany and one of the predecessors of Deutsche Bank. Furthermore, Berenberg Bank was among the founding shareholders of Bergens Privatbank (1855), the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (1865), Den Danske Landmandsbank (1871) and Svenska Handelsbanken (1871).
The company's logo is a stylized version of the combined coat of arms of the Berenberg and Gossler families, featuring the Berenberg bear (adopted in the 16th century in Belgium) and the Gossler goose foot (adopted in 1773 by Johann Hinrich Gossler).
The bank is active in the following business segments:
- Private banking for wealthy private customers (typically, the minimum deposit required to open or maintain an account is €1 million)
- Investment banking
- Securities research
- Institutional asset management
- Commercial banking
- Mergers and acquisitions
- Equity Capital Markets
- Art consultancy
- Investment funds (through its subsidiary Universal Investment)
Berenberg Bank has its head office in Hamburg and has offices in Bielefeld, Bremen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Munich, Stuttgart, Braunschweig, Wiesbaden, London, Luxembourg, Paris, Salzburg, Vienna, New York, Boston, San Francisco, Chicago, Zurich, and Shanghai. Zurich moreover accommodates the subsidiary Berenberg Bank (Schweiz) AG. Together with Bankhaus Lampe, the bank additionally holds a stake in the Frankfurt-based investment company Universal Investment.
Berenberg Bank Stiftung
The Berenberg Bank Stiftung is a philanthropic foundation founded in 1990 on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the establishment of Berenberg Bank. The chairman of the board is Joachim von Berenberg-Consbruch. The foundation awards several prizes, including the Berenberg Culture Prize to younger artists and the Berenberg Scholarships to individual artists and groups. From 2009, the Universitäts-Gesellschaft Hamburg has awarded the Berenberg Prize for Scientific Language, that promotes German as a scientific language.
The ownership structure is as follows:
- von Berenberg-Gossler family 25%
- PetRie Beteiligungsgesellschaft mbH (Hans-Walter Peters, Hendrik Riehmer) and Managing Partners 25%
- Christian Erbprinz zu Fürstenberg 15%
- Jan Philipp Reemtsma 15%
- Compagnie du Bois Sauvage S.A. 12%.
Berenberg Bank is run by the three personally liable partners, currently Hans-Walter Peters, Andreas Brodtmann and Hendrik Riehmer. The last member of the Berenberg family to take an active role in the bank (albeit not as a partner) was Countess Jennifer von Bernstorff, a great-granddaughter of Cornelius von Berenberg-Gossler.
- Berenberg family
|No||Picture||Name and lifespan||Period||Head of the company||Relation to the Berenberg family|
|5||Rudolf Berenberg (1623–1672)||1645–1672|
|8||Senator Rudolf Berenberg
|10||Senator Paul Berenberg
|12||Johann Hinrich Gossler
|1769‒1790||1772–1790||Husband of Elisabeth Berenberg; son-in-law of Johann Berenberg|
|14||Ludwig Erdwin Seyler
|1788–1836||1790–1836||Husband of Anna Henriette Gossler; son-in-law of Johann Hinrich Gossler and Elisabeth Berenberg|
|15||Elisabeth Gossler née Berenberg
|1790‒1800||Daughter of Johann Berenberg; the last male line Berenberg by birth and only woman ever to be a partner|
|16||Senator Johann Heinrich Gossler
|1798 ‒1842||1836–1842||Son of Elisabeth Berenberg and J.H. Gossler|
|17||Johann Heinrich Gossler
|19||Baron John von Berenberg-Gossler
|21||Senator John von Berenberg-Gossler
|22||Baron Cornelius von Berenberg-Gossler (1874–1953)||1898–1953|
|23||Andreas von Berenberg-Gossler (1880–1938)||1908–1923|
|26||Baron Heinrich von Berenberg-Gossler
- Non-family partners
|No||Picture||Name||Period||Head of the company||Notes|
|13||Franz Friedrich Kruckenberg
|1777‒1819||Joined Berenberg as an accountant and later became a partner. He was married to Johann Hinrich Gossler's younger sister Margaretha Katharina Gossler (1749–1795) and was thus the brother-in-law of Johann Hinrich Gossler and Elisabeth Berenberg, but not on the Berenberg side of the family.|
|28||Heinz A. Lessing||1961–1979|
|30||Joachim H. Wetzel||1968–1998|
|31||Baron Peter von Kap-Herr||1976–1999|
|32||Joachim von Berenberg-Consbruch||1978‒2005||1979–2005||He was born Joachim von Consbruch. His mother was married in her second marriage to Cornelius von Berenberg-Gossler, and he subsequently combined his stepfather's name with his own family name.|
|35||Hans-Walter Peters||Since 2000||Since 2005|
|36||Guido M. Sollors||2004–2008|
|37||Andreas Brodtmann||Since 2009|
|38||Hendrik Riehmer||Since 2009|
- Gail Rolland, Market Players: A Guide to the Institutions in Today's Financial Markets, Wiley, 2011, ISBN 047097687X, p. 110
- Investment banking grows at Germany's oldest bank, efinancialnews.com
- German bank enters UK market, Wold Finance
- Christian Siedenbiedel (24.10.2009), "Die Bank der feinen Hanseaten," Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
- Volker Mester (24.07.2003), "Deutschlands älteste Bank," Hamburger Abendblatt
- "Berenberg expands UK private banking team to serve ultra wealthy". Reuters India.
- Germany’s oldest bank to take on Wall Street, efinancialnews.com
- Auszeichnungen: Berenberg - 'eine Privatbank wie aus dem Bilderbuch', Wallstreet Online
- "Auszeichnungen: Berenberg - 'eine Privatbank wie aus dem Bilderbuch'". FinanzNachrichten.de. 20 November 2012.
- "Privatbanken profitieren von der Finanzkrise". Süddeutsche.de.
- Johann Heinrich Goßler II, Neue Deutsche Biographie
- Manfred Pohl, Sabine Freitag, Handbook on the History of European Banks, European Association for Banking History, 1994
- Michael North: "The Great German Banking Houses and International Merchants, Sixteenth to Nineteenth Century", in: Alice Teichova, Ginette Kurgan-Van Hentenryk and Dieter Ziegler (eds.), Banking, Trade and Industry: Europe, America and Asia from the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century, Cambridge University Press, 2011, ISBN 9780521188876, p. 46
- The banking house in the period of promoterism, berenberg.de
- Berenberg will nur Millionäre, Handelsblatt
- Berenberg Bank Stiftung
- Maria Möring, Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co. Hamburg, Hamburg, Wirtschaftsgeschichtliche Forschungsstelle, 1961
- Joh. Berenberg, Gossler & Co.: Die Geschichte eines deutschen Privatbankhauses, Berenberg Bank, Hamburg 1990
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