Beretta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the surname, see Beretta (surname). For the automobile, see Chevrolet Beretta. For the headgear, see Biretta.
Fabbrica D' Armi Pietro Beretta S.p.A.
Private
Industry Firearms
Founded 1526; 489 years ago (1526)
Headquarters Brescia, Italy
Products Firearms, weapons
Parent Beretta Holding
Website

www.beretta.com www.berettausa.com (USA)

www.berettadefence.com (Military)

Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta [ˈfabbrika ˈdarmi ˈpjɛtro beˈretta] is an Italian-based multinational firearms manufacturing company. Its firearms are used worldwide for a variety of civilian, law enforcement, and military purposes. It is also known for manufacturing shooting clothes and accessories. Founded in the 16th century, Beretta is the oldest active manufacturer of firearm components in the world. Its original products were arquebus barrels.[1][2]

History[edit]

Beretta has been owned by the same family for almost five hundred years.[3] The Beretta company was established in 1526,[4] when gunsmith Maestro Bartolomeo Beretta[5] of Gardone Val Trompia (Brescia, Lombardy, Italy) was paid 296 ducats for 185 arquebus barrels by the Arsenal of Venice.[6] The bills of sale for the order of those barrels are in the firm's archive.

In 1918, the Beretta Model 1918 was the second submachine gun the Italian army fielded. Beretta manufactured rifles and pistols for the Italian military until the 1943 Armistice between Italy and the Allied forces during World War II. With the Wehrmacht's control of northern Italy, the Germans seized Beretta and continued producing arms until the 1945 German surrender in Italy.[7] In that time, the quality of the exterior finish of the weapons diminished and was much inferior to both the pre-war and mid-war weapons, but their operation remained excellent.[8] The last shipment of Type I rifles left Venice for Japan in a U-boat in 1942.

After World War II, Beretta was actively involved in repairing the American M1 Garands given to Italy by the U.S. Beretta modified the M1 into the Beretta BM-59 rifle, which is similar to the M14 battle rifle; armourers consider the BM-59 rifle to be superior to the M14 rifle in some ways, because it is more accurate under certain conditions.[9][10]

After the war, Beretta continued to develop firearms for the Italian Army and police, as well as the civilian market.

In the 1980s, Beretta enjoyed a renewal of popularity in North America after its Beretta 92 pistol was selected as the service handgun for the United States Army under the designation of "M9 pistol".[11] In the 1970s, Beretta also started a manufacturing plant in São Paulo, Brazil. A contract between Beretta and the Brazilian government was signed, under which Beretta produced Beretta 92s for the Brazilian Army until 1980. Later this plant was sold to Taurus, who continues to manufacture the Beretta 92 under the name of PT92 using the same tools and labour which Beretta used, without the need for a license from Beretta, since the design is based on the original Beretta 92, of which the patents are expired.

Beretta acquired several domestic competitors (notably Benelli and Franchi) and some foreign companies (notably in Finland) in the late 1980s.[12]

Overview[edit]

Today, the company is owned and is run by Ugo Gussalli Beretta and his sons, Franco and Pietro. The traditional father-to-son Beretta dynasty was interrupted when Ugo Gussalli Beretta assumed the firm's control; uncles Carlo and Giuseppe Beretta were childless; Ugo married into the Beretta family and adopted the last name Beretta. His sons are now direct descendents through their mother's side of the family.

Beretta is known for its broad range of firearms: side-by-side shotguns, over-and-under shotguns, hunting rifles, express rifles, assault rifles, submachine guns, lever- and bolt-action rifles, single- and double-action revolvers and semi-automatic pistols. The parent company, Beretta Holding, also owns Beretta USA, Benelli, Franchi, SAKO, Stoeger, Tikka, Uberti, and the Burris Optics company.

The model Beretta 92FS is the primary side arm of the United States Army, Marine Corps and Air Force, designated the M9 pistol. In 1985, Beretta was chosen after a controversial competition to produce the M9, winning a contract for 500,000 pistols.[13] A condition of the original agreement was domestic fabrication of the M9.[14][15]

Product lines[edit]

Semi-automatic pistols[edit]

Revolvers[edit]

Shotguns[edit]

Rifles and carbines[edit]

Submachine guns[edit]

Machine pistols[edit]

Launchers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anderson, Lisa (30 October 1990). "Still The Big Guns Of Weaponry". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 26 August 2015. Since 1526, The Beretta Family Has Been The World`s Most Fashionable Arms Supplier 
  2. ^ Grant, Tina (8 June 2001). International directory of company histories. Detroit, Mich: St. James Press. ISBN 9781558624443 – via FundingUniverse. 
  3. ^ Thomson, Candus (30 March 2001). "Same aim, for nearly 500 years". The Baltimore Sun (Tribune Publishing Company). Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  4. ^ http://www.beretta.com/index.aspx?m=53&did=1501[dead link]
  5. ^ "Bartolomeo Beretta" Encyclopædia Britannica
  6. ^ The Beretta Story at the official website.[dead link]
  7. ^ Alderson, Keanon (20 December 2011). "ADVICE: Longevity teaches family business lessons". The Press Enterprise (Riverside, CA). Retrieved 27 August 2015. Learn from a company that weathered bubonic plague, political intrigue, assassination attempts and World War II to become a premier manufacturer in its industry segment 
  8. ^ "Beretta International". Beretta.com. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  9. ^ http://www.gunsmagazine.com/bm59/GCA0283.pdf[dead link]
  10. ^ "Beretta BM 59 Semi Automatic Rifle". National Firearms Museum. NRA. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Suro, Roberto (7 June 1987). "ITALY: HOST FOR THE ECONOMIC SUMMIT - A LAND OF FAMILY BUSINESSES; The Careful Aim of the Beretta Clan". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 August 2015. The Pentagon's 1984 decision to buy 320,000 Beretta 92SB-F 9-millimeter pistols for use as a standard sidearm produced a pile of exceptional publicity for Beretta (which also supplies the Texas Rangers.) 
  12. ^ "Switching targets". The Economist. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2015. Beretta has reinvented itself in the past decade, a change as dramatic as the reinvention of its most famous customer in 'Casino Royale', the latest Bond film. 
  13. ^ "Italian designed, American made, Iraq deployed". American Machinist. Penton. 13 Dec 2005. Retrieved 27 August 2005. Its pistols have been used in every major U.S. military engagement since the late 1980s, including both Iraq campaigns, in Bosnia, Panama and Afghanistan. 
  14. ^ Valsecchi, Piero (10 March 1985). "Italy-Based Beretta Has Made Weapons Since 1526 : Army Opts for James Bond's Handgun". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 27 August 2015. Beretta will begin production of the model for the U.S. military in its ancient factory in this northern region that has been the stronghold of Italy's arms industry since Roman slaves began working on metals and arms. 
  15. ^ Kennedy, Harold (October 2000). "Beretta 9 mm Finds Niche In ‘Low-Intensity’ Missions". National Defense (NDIA). Retrieved 28 August 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Wilson, R. L. (2000). The world of Beretta : an international legend. New York: Random House. ISBN 9780375501494. 

External links[edit]