Berezniki

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Berezniki
Березники
Berezniki City Administration building
Berezniki City Administration building
Flag of Berezniki
Coat of arms of Berezniki
Location of Berezniki
Berezniki is located in Russia
Berezniki
Berezniki
Location of Berezniki
Berezniki is located in Perm Krai
Berezniki
Berezniki
Berezniki (Perm Krai)
Coordinates: 59°25′N 56°47′E / 59.417°N 56.783°E / 59.417; 56.783Coordinates: 59°25′N 56°47′E / 59.417°N 56.783°E / 59.417; 56.783
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPerm Krai[1]
Founded1873[2]
City status since1932[2]
Government
 • BodyCity Duma[3]
 • HeadSergey Dyakov
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total156,466
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
143,072 (−8.6%)
 • Rank112th in 2010
 • Subordinated tocity of krai significance of Berezniki[1]
 • Capital ofcity of krai significance of Berezniki[1]
 • Urban okrugBerezniki Urban Okrug[6]
 • Capital ofBerezniki Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
618400-618426
Dialing code(s)+7 3424
OKTMO ID57708000001
Websiteadmbrk.ru

Berezniki (Russian: Березники́) is the second largest city in Perm Krai, Russia. The city is located on the banks of the Kama River, in the Ural Mountains with a population of 137,091 as of 2021.

Etymology[edit]

The name Berezniki is derived from a birch forest originally situated in the city's location.

History[edit]

The first Russian settlements in the city appeared in the 16th - 17th century on the basis of salt mines.

It was founded in 1873.[2] City status was granted to it in 1932[2] as its industry was rapidly expanding under Joseph Stalin.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of krai significance of Berezniki—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Berezniki is incorporated as Berezniki Urban Okrug.[6]

Economy[edit]

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the city's population dropped due to increased unemployment. Nevertheless, the city was able to keep its main industries on track. Large chemical plants such as titanium and sodium factories as well as several huge Potassium, Magnesium and Potash mines are operational in Berezniki.

The potash mine, owned by Uralkali, was the basis of the fortune of Dmitry Rybolovlev who sold his interest in 2010 to Suleyman Kerimov. Mine supports in the huge underground mine, about 1,000 feet (~300 metres) beneath the city, consist of soluble salt which is being dissolved by water flooding into the mine. The city, a former Soviet-era labor camp, was built near the work site, over the mine. Several sinkholes, some huge, have opened within the city. The situation requires round-the-clock monitoring. The problem is believed to be limited to a small part of the mine which was not filled properly and is limited in its future impact, but the relocation of the city is under consideration.[9] The largest sinkhole, locally dubbed, "The Grandfather" by 2012, was 340 yards (~310 metres) wide, 430 yards (~390 metres) long, and 780 feet (~240 metres) deep.[9] When it opened in 2007[10] the hole was initially 80 m long, 40 m wide and 200 m deep.[11] The sinkhole was expected to expand, and destroy part of the only rail line which leads to and from the potash mines, and, being that Berezniki produces around 10% of the world's potash, this would lead global demand towards Canada, potentially damaging the local economy. Nobody was injured when the sinkhole appeared.

Culture[edit]

Berezniki has a theatre and a museum of regional history.

Every year from July 17 to the 20th the town celebrates its mosquitoes. They have music, dancing and a "most delicious girl" competition. In the competition, the girls stand for 20 minutes in their shorts and vests, and the one who receives the most bites wins.[12]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
193964,609—    
1959106,119+64.2%
1979185,395+74.7%
2000181,900−1.9%
2011156,500−14.0%
2015148,955−4.8%
2021137,091−8.0%
Source: 1939, 1959, 1979, 2000, 2011, 2015, 2021

The city was in 124th place out of 1115 cities of Russia in terms of population in 2019.

According to the 2010 census, Russians formed a majority in the city with a 90.87%, while Tatars (3.16%) were the largest minority, followed by Ukrainians (0.81%), Permian Komi (0.67%) and Germans (0.51%).[13]

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Berezniki is served by the Berezniki Airport, which mainly serves helicopters. A railway station is closed since it is located in the sinkhole area and has been damaged beyond repair. In the city, public transport service is operated with trolleybuses.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 46. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ "Website of City Duma". Archived from the original on November 12, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Law #1983-434
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ a b "A Russian City Always on the Watch Against Being Sucked Into the Earth" article by Andrew E. Kramer in The New York Times April 10, 2012
  10. ^ "A Giant Sinkhole". English Russia. October 29, 2007.
  11. ^ "2007-11-02 - Another sinkhole threatens Russia in Berezniki, Russian Federation". Virtual Globetrotting. December 17, 2007.
  12. ^ "Russia: Mosquitoes honoured at annual festival". July 14, 2015 – via www.bbc.com.
  13. ^ "Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2021 года". permstat.gks.ru. Archived from the original on September 1, 2019.

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №504-ПК от 9 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Пермской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края"». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #504-PK of July 9, 2015 On Amending the Law of Perm Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai". Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1983-434 от 27 декабря 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального образования "Город Березники" Пермского края», в ред. Закона №499-ПК от 16 октября 2009 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №217–218, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1983-434 of December 27, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formation of the "City of Berezniki" of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #499-PK of October 16, 2009 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]