Berg, St. Gallen
|• Mayor||Sandro Parissenti|
|• Total||3.76 km2 (1.45 sq mi)|
|Elevation||500 m (1,600 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2016)|
|• Density||220/km2 (580/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Arbon (TG), Mörschwil, Roggwil (TG), Steinach, Wittenbach|
Berg is first mentioned in 796 as ad Berga. In 837 it was mentioned as in villa nominata Perc.
Berg has an area, as of 2006[update], of 3.8 km2 (1.5 sq mi). Of this area, 67.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 12.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.5%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).
The municipality is located in the Rorschach Wahlkreis. The village is on the road between St. Gallen and Arbon and between Lake Constance and the hills that rise to the south and west of the lake. It consists of the villages of Ober and Unterberg since the Middle Ages.
Coat of arms
Berg has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 843. As of 2007[update], about 10.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2000[update]), 19 are from Germany, 8 are from Italy, 13 are from ex-Yugoslavia, 18 are from Austria, 4 are from Turkey, and 26 are from another country. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (94.3%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 1.3%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 0.8%). Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000[update]), 798 speak German, 2 people speak French, 4 people speak Italian, and 3 people speak Romansh.
The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Berg is; 117 children or 13.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 133 teenagers or 15.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 62 people or 7.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 137 people or 16.2% are between 30 and 39, 143 people or 16.9% are between 40 and 49, and 114 people or 13.5% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 88 people or 10.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 40 people or 4.7% are between 70 and 79, there are 12 people or 1.4% who are between 80 and 89.
In 2000[update] there were 66 persons (or 7.8% of the population) who were living alone in a private dwelling. There were 207 (or 24.5%) persons who were part of a couple (married or otherwise committed) without children, and 515 (or 60.9%) who were part of a couple with children. There were 34 (or 4.0%) people who lived in single parent home, while there are 8 persons who were adult children living with one or both parents, 6 persons who lived in a household made up of relatives, 4 who lived household made up of unrelated persons, and 6 who are either institutionalized or live in another type of collective housing.
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Berg about 82.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Out of the total population in Berg, as of 2000[update], the highest education level completed by 146 people (17.3% of the population) was Primary, while 338 (40.0%) have completed Secondary, 124 (14.7%) have attended a Tertiary school, and 22 (2.6%) are not in school. The remainder did not answer this question.
The historical population is given in the following table:
As of 2007[update], Berg had an unemployment rate of 1.4%. As of 2005[update], there were 76 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 39 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 85 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 23 businesses in this sector.
As of October 2009[update] the average unemployment rate was 1.8%. There were 52 businesses in the municipality of which 8 were involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 24 were involved in the third.
From the 2000 census[update], 450 or 53.2% are Roman Catholic, while 219 or 25.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 8 individuals (or about 0.95% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 49 individuals (or about 5.79% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There is 1 individual who is Jewish, and 13 (or about 1.54% of the population) who are Islamic. 87 (or about 10.28% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 19 individuals (or about 2.25% of the population) did not answer the question.
Heritage sites of national significance
There are three sites in the municipality that are part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites. The first is the hamlet of Zwingensteinhueb, while the second is the Hahnberg. The third is a shared site, the Schlosslandschaft Rorschach / Alter Rhein, a number of castles in a region along the Rhine river. The Schlosslandschaft is shared between Berg, Goldach, Mörschwil, Rheineck, Rorschacherberg, St. Margrethen, Steinach, Thal and Tübach.
- Jakob Schurtanner (c. 1450-1526), Catholic parish priest in Berg 1505-1507, Protestant-Reformed pastor in Teufen and reformer in Appenzellland
- Cornelius Wilhelm von Heyl to Herrnsheim (1843-1923), German politician and industrialist, died in Berg
- Vincent de Paul Wehrle (1855-1941), Benedictine and first bishop of Bismarck, North Dakota, USA, born in Berg
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017]
- Berg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 4 January 2010
- Flags of the World.com Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 4 January 2010
- Der Kanton St. Gallen und seine Menschen in Zahlen - Ausgabe 2009 (in German) accessed 30 December 2009
- Canton St. Gallen Statistics-Hauptergebnisse der Volkszählung 2000: Regionen- und Gemeindevergleich-Personen Archived 9 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 30 December 2009
- St Gallen Canton statistics-Unemployment (in German) accessed 30 December 2009
- St Gallen Canton statistics-Businesses Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 31 December 2009
- St Gallen Canton statistics-Commuters Archived 22 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 31 December 2009
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 04-Jan-2010
- ISOS site accessed 8 December 2009
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