Bergen landdistrikt included the areas south of the city centre (the small bay and peninsula in the centre of the photo) and on the east side, along the fjord.
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02:00)|
|Created as||Formannskapsdistrikt in 1838|
|Merged into||Bergen in 1877|
Bergen landdistrikt (English: Bergen rural district) is a former municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until 1877 when it was merged into the neighboring city of Bergen. Bergen landdistrikt encompassed about 5 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi) of land south and east of the city of Bergen, including the present neighborhoods of Møhlenpris, Nygård, Kalfaret, Sandviken, and Ytre Sandviken as well as the mountains Fløyfjellet and Sandviksfjellet.
The city of Bergen has been established for centuries. From 1776-1789, the royal boundary surveying commission conducted a survey of the area to formally establish the boundaries of the city. The areas that were left outside the city boundaries were still part of the local Domkirken and Korskirken parishes. The areas outside the city limits were referred to as the rural parishes of the city's churches. The area south of the city was called the Domkirken landsogn and the area east of the city was the Korskirkens landsokn ("landsogn" means rural parish). On 1 January 1838, all parishes in Norway were established as civil municipalities (see formannskapsdistrikt). The two "rural parishes" of the Domkirken and Korskirken were merged to form the municipality called "Bergen landdistrikt". Initially, the new municipality had about 1500 residents.
In 1873, the city of Bergen requested that Parliament transfer Bergen landdistrikt to the city since a large part of the inhabitants of the rural parish worked in the city, and many of the city's businesses were located in Bergen landdistrikt. The rural parish was against the merger, but the Parliament agreed with the city and Bergen landdistrikt was incorporated into Bergen on 1 January 1877. There were 4,883 residents of the municipality at the time of its dissolution. Upon the merger, the municipality was transferred to the city, but it also switched from Søndre Bergenhus county to Bergen county.
|Term began||Term ended||Name|
|1839||1839||Jacob Ludvig Gerhard Pleym|
- "Domkirkens og Korskirkens landsogn" (in Norwegian). Bergen Byarkiv. Retrieved 2014-09-06.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
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