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Brahmapur railway station in Berhampur
|• Body||Berhampur Municipal Corporation (BMC)|
|• Mayor||K Madhavi|
|• Total||86.82 km2 (33.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||26 m (85 ft)|
|• Density||4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The city is a municipal corporation having a population of 355,823 as of the 2011 Census of India (provisional) without agglomeration, making it the fourth most populous urban city in Odisha state and 126th in India. The city is situated at 19° 20’ N Latitude 84° 50’ E Longitude. Its average elevation above Mean Sea Level is 24m.
- 1 Demographics
- 2 Climatic Condition and Regional Setting
- 3 Administration
- 4 Culture
- 5 Connectivity
- 6 Education
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Politics
- 9 References
As of 2011[update] Census of India (provisional), the population of Brahmapur is 355,823 (the actual population is much higher than this), of which 185,584 are males and 170,239 are females. The effective literacy rate of Brahmapur is 90.04%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male and female literacy rates are 93.83% and 85.92%, respectively. 8.2% of the population are children aged 0–6 years. The adult and child sex ratios are 917 and 898 females per 1000 males, respectively.
Climatic Condition and Regional Setting
River Rushikulya is called the "Ganga" of Ganjam. It flows at a distance of about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city and discharges into the Bay of Bengal near Gopalpur port. Maximum summer temperature is 40°C whereas minimum winter temperature is 22°C. The mean daily temperature varies from 33°C to 38°C. May is the hottest month in the year whereas December is the coldest. The average annual rainfall is 1250 mm and the region receives Monsoon and torrential rainfall for four months only in a year from July to October.
|Climate data for Berhampur, Odisha|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.4
|Average low °C (°F)||16.7
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||10
The city is administered by the Brahmapur Municipal Corporation(BMC). This organization was a municipality from 1867 until 29 December 2008. The Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC) of Southern range is located at Brahmapur and covers the undivided Ganjam, Koraput, Kandhamal and Kalahandi districts.
Theatre has been very prominent since the late 1930, and was the main source of entertainment until the advent of motion pictures. Ganjam Kala Parishad and Prakasam Hall, located here, are some of the oldest drama halls in India. The oldest theatre in the history of Odisha was the Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies (SSVT, established in the year 1927), which was closed down following severe damage by a super cyclone on 29 October 1999.
There are many temples in Brahmapur:
- Lord Sidha Vinayaka Temple
- Lord Nilakantheswara Temple
- Lord Sri Radheshyam Sunder Temple
- Bhairabi Temple
- Taratarini Temple
- Venu Gopalaswamy Temple
- Budhi Thakurani Temple
- Gokaneshwara Temple
- Raghunath Temple
Brahmapur city is connected with National Highways NH-16 (Chennai–Kolkata), NH-59 (Gopalpur–Naupada) and NH-59 (Gopalpur–Raipur) and other cities and towns of Odisha. The three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in this city. Taxis also ply on the city's roads. The state government has constructed a new Bus station at Haladiapadar, at the outskirts of the city. The Ganjam Urban Transport Services Limited (GUTSL) with joint partnership with Odisha State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) have come up with an agreement, to run a city-bus service for Berhampur to urban centres on its periphery (Chatrapur, Gopalpur and Hinjili, Taratarini, Bhairabi) on February 27, 2014.
- Berhampur University, Bhanja Bihar – The Berhampur University came into existence on 2 January 1967, being inaugurated by Dr. A. N. Khosla, the then Governor of Odisha and the first Chancellor of the University. The University was later shifted to the present site known as Bhanja Bihar, named after the celebrated poet of Odisha, Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja. Spreading over an area of 250 acres (1.0 km2) the university is twelve kilometers and five kilometers away from Brahmapur City and sea beach of Gopalpur respectively.
- The Khallikote University – The present Khallikote Autonomous College is upgraded to a Cluster university.
- Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) Brahmapur – Started the academic session in 2016-17
- IIT Bhubaneswar - Coastal Observatory and Innovation Centre
- Regional Centre for southern Odisha districts - Odisha State Open University (OSOU).
Medical College and Pharmacy College
- Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Medical College and Hospital (MKCG), Brahmapur is a premier and important medical college and hospital for South odisha and has the largest campus in Odisha in terms of area. Many more under this category Biju Patnaik Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Kaviraj Ananta Tripathy Sharma Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Brundaban Nayak Medical College and Hospital (in progress by SMIT Group) etc.
- College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mohuda, Berhampur, is the premier pharmacy institution est. 1979, provides D.Pharm, B.Pharm and M.Pharm course in different specializations. The college is equipped with exclusive research centres like “A.P.C.Ray Memorial Cancer Chemotherapeutic Research Unit” which was inaugurated by the then President of India Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. The credential achieved by the Cancer Research Unit is an unprecedented event in India. PG Department of Biosciences also run under this College.
- Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical science, Gopalpur junction, with D.Pharm and B.Pharm. courses
- Aum Sai Institute of Technical Education(ASITE), Narayanpur, Gopalpur Road
- Berhampur School of Engineering & Technology(BSET), Ramachandrapur, Dura
- Bharat Institute of Engineering & Technology(BIET), Narasingpur, Mahuda
- Gandhi Institute of Industrial Technology, Golanthara/Gandhi Group of Instituations (GGI)
- Kalam Institute of Technology(KIT), Govindapur
- National Institute of Science and Technology(NIST) , Palur Hills
- Parala Maharaja Government Engineering College(A Government & constituent college of BPUT)
- Roland Institute of Technology(RIT), Surya Vihar
- Sanjay Memorial Institute of Technology(SMIT), Chandipadar
- Uma Charan Pattnaik Engineering School(UCPES)
- Vignan Institute of Technology and Management(VITAM), Bhairavi, Mantridi
- Lingaraj Law College, Engineering School Road, provides LL.B and LL.M
- Ganjam Law College, Ambapua, provides only LL.B
- Distance Programs under Punjab Technical University, Karnataka State Open University, Manomaniam Sundaranar University ,
- Multi-skill Development Centre (MDC) (Upcoming) at Berhampur next year in association with German technological expertise aids.,
- Regional Forensic Science Laboratory,
- V. V. Giri, former President of India
- A. P. Patro, Minister of Public Works and Education (Madras Presidency) (1921–1926), Speaker of the Odisha Legislative Assembly (1946–1946)
- W. V. V. B. Ramalingam, Freedom Fighter
- Kota Harinarayana, Scientist & Father of India's Light Combat Aircraft
- P. V. Narasimha Rao, former Prime Minister of India
- Binayak Acharya, former Chief Ministers of Odisha
- Biswanath Das, Freedom Fighter and former Chief Ministers of Odisha
- Sanjukta Panigrahi, Odissi dancer
- Katulu Ravi Kumar, Weightlifter
- Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha
- Naveen Patnaik, Present Chief Minister of Odisha
- Siddhanta Mahapatra, Odia Actor and Member of Parliament
- Arun K. Pati, Scientist and quantum physicist
The Current M.P. (Member of Parliament) of Berhampur Parliamentary Constituency is Siddhanta Mahapatra of BJD, elected in the year 2009, 2014. Current MLA from Berhampur Assembly Constituency is Dr. Ramesh Chandra Chau Patnaik of BJD, who won the seat in the state elections of 2014, 2009, 2004 and 2000 and also as JD candidate in 1995. Berhampur Corporation comes under four Assembly segments, i.e., Berhampur old town, Gopalpur, Chatrapur and Digapahandi. Berhampur is part of Berhampur Lok Sabha constituency.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. pp. 6, 7. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Patnaik, Sunil (2012). "The Telegraph – Calcutta (Kolkata) | Orissa | State's first cinema in ruins". telegraphindia.com. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
State's first cinema in ruins – Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies fails to rise after super-cyclone blow
- "HISTORY". www.thakurani.com. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 75 – Berhampur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2008.