|Aeroflot MP-1 at Yalta, circa 1938.|
|Designer||Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev|
|Status||Out of production; retired|
|Primary user||Soviet Navy|
The Beriev MBR-2 was a Soviet multi-purpose (including reconnaissance) flying boat which entered service with the Soviet Navy in 1935. Out of 1,365 built, 9 were used by foreign countries including Finland and North Korea. In Soviet Union it sometimes carried the nickname of "Kорова" (cow) and "Амбар" (barn).
The MBR-2 was designed by Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev and first flew in 1931, powered by an imported 373 kW (500 hp) BMW VI.Z engine. Production models, which arrived in 1934, used a licence-built version of this engine, the Mikulin M-17 of 508 kW (680 hp), and could be fitted with a fixed wheel or ski undercarriage.
Beriev also designed a commercial airliner derivation, the MP-1, which entered airline service in 1934, and a freighter version, which followed in 1936.
In 1935, an improved version was developed, the MBR-2bis, powered by the Mikulin AM-34N engine, and fitted with an enclosed cockpit, dorsal gun-turret and enlarged vertical tail. In this configuration, the machine remained in production until 1941. As with the MBR-2, the bis spawned a commercial derivative and the MP-1bis entered service in 1937.
- MBR-2M-17 : Short-range maritime reconnaissance, bombing flying-boat, powered by a 508 kW (680 hp) Mikulin M-17B piston engine.
- MBR-2AM-34 or MBR-2bis : Improved version, powered by a Mikulin AM-34N engine.
- MBR-2M-103 : One MBR-2AM-34 was fitted with the more powerful M-103 engine. One prototype only.
- MP-1 : Civil version of the MBR-2M-17 flying-boat. It could carry six passengers in an enclosed cabin.
- MP-1bis : Civil version of the MBR-2AM-34 flying-boat.
- MP-1T : Freight transport conversion of MBR-2.
- The Finnish Air Force operated five captured aircraft from 1941.
- Crew: 4-5
- Length: 13.50 m (44 ft 3½ in)
- Wingspan: 19.00 m (62 ft 4 in)
- Height: 4.40 m (14 ft 9 in)
- Empty weight: 2,718 kg (5,990 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 4,245 kg (9,359 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Mikulin AM-34N V12 engine, 559 kW (750 hp)
- Maximum speed: 275 km/h (148 knots, 171 mph)
- Range: 1,500 km (810 nm, 930 mi)
- Service ceiling: 4,900 m (16,080 ft)
- Bombs: 300 kg (660 lb) of bombs, mines, and depth charges carried underwing
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- MBR stands for its Russian role - Morskoi Blizhniy Razvedchik (Cyrillic: Морской Ближний Разведчик) "Naval Short Range Reconnaissance".
- Bogatko, Sergei. Recce's of tradeways
- Munson, Kenneth (1969). Bombers, Patrol and Transport Aircraft 1939-45. Blandford. ISBN 0-7137-0379-2.
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