Beringovsky (inhabited locality)

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For the former district, see Beringovsky District.
Beringovsky (English)
Беринговский (Russian)
Гачгатагын (Chukchi)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Beringovsky.jpg
Aerial winter view of Beringovsky
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Beringovsky is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Beringovsky
Beringovsky
Location of Beringovsky in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 63°02′59″N 179°18′36″E / 63.04972°N 179.31000°E / 63.04972; 179.31000Coordinates: 63°02′59″N 179°18′36″E / 63.04972°N 179.31000°E / 63.04972; 179.31000
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Anadyrsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2011)
Municipal district Anadyrsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Beringovsky Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Beringovsky Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 1,401 inhabitants[3]
Population (January 2014 est.) 1,003 inhabitants[4]
Time zone PETT (UTC+12:00)[5]
Previous names Ugolny (until 1944),[6]
Beringovsky (until 1966),[6]
Nagorny (until 1975)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 689100

Beringovsky (Russian: Бе́ринговский; Chukchi: Гачгатагын) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, and a port on the Bering Sea. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,401.[3]

History[edit]

In 1826, Ugolnaya Bay (lit. coal bay), upon which Beringovsky stands, was first entered by the Russian sloop Senyavin commanded by Fyodor Litke on a mission to map and explore the coast of the Bering Sea.[6] In 1886, an expedition led by Captain A. A. Ostolopov on the clipper Strelok discovered thick layers of coal here.[6] This coal was later used to power the visiting vessels and is the reason why the bay is so named.[6] Geological studies for industrial development of this field began in 1933-1934 by the All-Union Arctic Institute, followed by and exploratory expedition by the Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route (Glavsevmorput). Following the discovery of coal, the first settlement was established here to serve the new Bukhtugol mine.[6] In April 1957, Beringovsky District was created within Chukotka National Okrug with the administrative center in the settlement of Ugolny.[6] Due to the establishment of Beringovsky District, Ugolny was renamed Beringovsky in 1966.[6] In 1975, the settlement was moved to a place called Nagorny, which was then renamed Beringovsky to provide continuity for the administrative center.[6] In the late 1990s, Beringovsky had a population of around 3,000 when all heating, water and electricity failed, creating an extremely serious situation in such a remote location.[citation needed] This problem was then further exacerbated by then-Governor Nazarov banning all outside reporters and researchers, both from Moscow and abroad from visiting the area as well as censoring outgoing mail and telegrams from the community.[8] Following this incident, sources report that by 2002, under a program of resettlement designed by Roman Abramovich and run by Regionstroy—a private company established by the Okrug administration—nearly the whole of the population of Beringovsky had been resettled by late 2002.[9] However, this does not seem to tally with the official census results for 2002. Thompson estimates the population of Beringovsky in the late 1990s as being around 3,000;[9] however, 2002 Census results give a population of just under 2,000.[10] Further confusion is added as Thompson specifically refers to Beringovsky as being "in the process of official liquidation".[9] However, to date Beringovsky has neither been liquidated nor is it in the process of liquidation and is included in all the relevant legal documentation as an extant settlement on both municipal[2] and administrative[1] levels.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Beringovsky is directly subordinated to Anadyrsky District.[1] As a municipal division, the urban-type settlement of Beringovsky is incorporated within Anadyrsky Municipal District as Beringovsky Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the settlement has traditionally been dominated by coal mining[9] and the majority of the current residents are involved either in the mining itself or the administrative side of the mining business.[citation needed] As a result of this,[citation needed] the indigenous proportion of the population is comparatively low compared to other settlements in the autonomous okrug, numbering around 350 as of 2006.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Beringovsky has got the Beringovsky Airport (ru).

There is a sea port at Beringovsky, mainly used for the coal mined.

Beringovsky is not connected to any other inhabited locality by permanent roads.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Demographic Evolution
1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census 2014 est.
2,788[citation needed] 2,173[11] 2,952[12] 3,044[13] 1,998[10] 1,401[3] 1,003[4]

Culture[edit]

Like Uelen to the northeast, Beringovsky is well known as being a center for indigenous art, particularly whale bone carving.[6]

The Bering dialect of the Aleut language is not directly connected with this settlement, though both the dialect's and the settlement's name are derived from Vitus Bering.

Climate[edit]

Beringovsky has a Tundra climate (ET)[14] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 and +10 °C (32 and 50 °F).

Climate data for Beringovsky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.4
(38.1)
5.4
(41.7)
4.6
(40.3)
9.1
(48.4)
22.8
(73)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
17.7
(63.9)
10.8
(51.4)
6.2
(43.2)
1.8
(35.2)
27.5
(81.5)
Average high °C (°F) −13
(9)
−14.5
(5.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
−7.7
(18.1)
0.3
(32.5)
7.9
(46.2)
12.6
(54.7)
11.8
(53.2)
6.4
(43.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
−11.8
(10.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−18
(0)
−16.8
(1.8)
−11.8
(10.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.6
(36.7)
6.9
(44.4)
6.9
(44.4)
2.2
(36)
−4.5
(23.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
Record low °C (°F) −34.1
(−29.4)
−32.8
(−27)
−31
(−24)
−25
(−13)
−16.9
(1.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.4
(32.7)
0
(32)
−7.9
(17.8)
−21
(−6)
−27
(−17)
−32
(−26)
−34.1
(−29.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 57
(2.24)
36
(1.42)
24
(0.94)
27
(1.06)
27
(1.06)
27
(1.06)
39
(1.54)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
54
(2.13)
66
(2.6)
63
(2.48)
540
(21.26)
Avg. snowy days 19 14 15 15 17 3 0 0 4 17 17 20 141
Source: [15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Directive #517-rp
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #148-OZ
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Чукотского автономного округа по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2014 года (Russian)
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Fute, p. 96
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Thompson, Administrative Resettlement and the Pursuit of Economy: The Case of Chukotka, p. 281
  9. ^ a b c d Thompson, Migration and Resettlement in Chukotka: A Research Note, pp. 73–81
  10. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1970 года[dead link] 1970 Census of the Soviet Union
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  13. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp. 235-237
  15. ^ "Weather Averages for Beringovsky from meoweather.com". meoweather.com. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Чукотского автономного округа. Распоряжение №517-рп от 30 декабря 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных и территориальных образований Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Распоряжения №323-рп от 27 июня 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Распоряжение Правительства Чукотского автономного округа от 30 декабря 2008 года №517-рп». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Directive #517-rp of December 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Formations of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Directive #323-rp of June 27, 2011 On Amending the Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Directive No. 517-rp of December 30, 2008. ).
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №148-ОЗ от 24 ноября 2008 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №24-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение 2 к Закону Чукотского автономного округа "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №46/1 (373/1), 28 ноября 2008 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #148-OZ of November 24, 2008 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #24-OZ of April 1, 2011 On Amending Appendix 2 of the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.).
  • N. Thompson Administrative Resettlement and the Pursuit of Economy: The Case of Chukotka,[dead link]
  • N. Thompson. Migration and Resettlement in Chukotka: A Research Note[dead link] Eurasian Geography and Economics, Volume 45, Number 1, January–February 2004.
  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0. 
  • Petit Futé, Chukotka

External links[edit]