Sabah People's United Front

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Sabah People's United Front

Parti Bersatu Rakyat Jelata Sabah
LeaderHarris Salleh
Founded6 June 1976
HeadquartersKota Kinabalu, Sabah
Party flag
Parti Berjaya Flag.svg
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
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Sabah People's United Front or in Malay Parti Bersatu Rakyat Jelata Sabah is more commonly known by its abbreviation BERJAYA, was a political party based in the eastern state of Sabah in Malaysia. BERJAYA was a result of a cooperation between Sabah's first Chief Minister Tun Fuad Stephens and former United Sabah National Organisation (USNO) secretary-general Harris Salleh. The party has been a partner of Barisan Nasional (BN), Malaysia's former ruling coalition then, since its inception on 15 July 1975.[1]

BERJAYA governed the state of Sabah for 8 years from 1976 to 1985. Tun Fuad Stephens was previously the president of United Pasok Momogun Kadazan Organisation (UPKO). That party was originally called United National Kadazan Organisation (UNKO) before it was renamed UPKO on 16 September 1963, in conjunction with Sabah's independence and Malaysia Day.

When BERJAYA won the 1976 state election,[2] Tun Fuad was installed as Sabah's fifth Chief Minister, his second time holding the post. He replaced Mohammad Said Keruak of USNO. However, barely 44 days after becoming Chief Minister, Tun Fuad died in a plane crash in Kota Kinabalu on 6 June 1976. The incident became known as the Double Six Tragedy. Along with him, several other state ministers also perished. Harris Salleh then took over his post, becoming the sixth Chief Minister of Sabah.

In the 1981 state election, BERJAYA again won, this time with an overwhelming majority. They won 44 out of 48 seats contested.[3] In 1984, party member Joseph Pairin Kitingan left the party to form Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS). This newly formed party defeated BERJAYA in the 1985 state election.[4]

In the 1990 state election, BERJAYA's support has evidently dwindled as they failed to win a single seat in the election.[5] The party then effected a merger with USNO to form the Sabah chapter of the Peninsular-based United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). USNO's president Tun Mustapha became Sabah UMNO's first president, while Harris became an adviser to the party.

Election results[edit]

Election year Malaysia Parliament Sabah State Assembly Outcome
Candidates Seats won Candidates Seats won
1976 - - 48
28 / 48
New party
Sabah state government
1978 10
9 / 154
- - Part of Barisan Nasional federal government
1981 - - 48
44 / 48
BN Sabah state government, contested under Berjaya ticket
1982 11
10 / 154
- - Part of Barisan Nasional federal government
1985 - - 48
6 / 48
BN Sabah state opposition
1986 - - 37
1 / 48
BN Sabah state opposition (snap election)
1986 9
0 / 177
- - Federal opposition
1990 - - 48
0 / 48
Sabah state opposition


  1. ^ Sin, Fong Han (April 1979). "A Constitutional Coup D'Etat: An Analysis of the Birth and Victory of the Berjaya Party in Sabah, Malaysia". Asian Survey. 19 (4): 379–389. doi:10.1525/as.1979.19.4.01p00392. JSTOR 2643858.
  2. ^ Malaysia - Pilihan Raya - Pilihan Raya Umum Sabah ( 1976 )
  3. ^ Malaysia - Pilihan Raya - Pilihan Raya Umum Sabah ( 1981 )
  4. ^ Malaysia - Pilihan Raya - Pilihan Raya Umum Sabah ( 1985 )
  5. ^ Malaysia - Pilihan Raya - Pilihan Raya Umum Sabah ( 1990 )