Berkeley Group Holdings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Berkeley Group Holdings plc
TypePublic limited company
LSEBKG
FTSE 100 Component
IndustryHousebuilding
Founded1976; 45 years ago (1976)
HeadquartersCobham, England, UK
Key people
Glyn Barker (Chairman)[1]
Rob Perrins (CEO)[2]
RevenueDecrease £1,920.4 million (2020)[3]
Decrease £469.7 million (2020)[3]
Decrease £410.1 million (2020)[3]
Number of employees
2,709 (2020)[3]
Websitewww.berkeleygroup.co.uk
Berkeley Group offices in Cobham, Surrey
Saffron Square, Croydon
Kingsmead Park, Kent

The Berkeley Group Holdings plc is a British property developer and house-builder based in Cobham, England. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

History[edit]

The company was founded by Tony Pidgley[4] and Jim Farrer in Weybridge in 1976 as Berkeley Homes, a name borne by regional subsidiaries. Pidgley (the dominant partner) and Farrer had previously run the housing division of Crest Homes and they aimed to focus on executive housing on single plots or small sites. Over the next few years, Berkeley expanded across the home counties, and while building less than 100 houses a year, it floated its shares on the Unlisted Securities Market in 1984.[5]

After the flotation, Berkeley expanded geographically to the west, the south midlands, and East Anglia; it also formed a joint venture, St George, to build in central London. By 1988, Berkeley was building over 600 executive homes a year. By then Pidgley was aware of the overheating in the housing market and sold houses aggressively to realise cash. For two years the company did no more than break even but its cash position was strong and in 1991 it was able to purchase the Manchester-based Crosby Homes and the outstanding 50% of St George;[6] Berkeley began buying large development sites at depressed prices. The 1990s was the decade in which Berkeley moved its operational orientation to major urban regeneration sites in London, Birmingham, Manchester, and other northern cities.[7]

In the early 2000s, Berkeley refined its strategy to concentrate primarily on relatively large scale urban redevelopments in the London area. In 2003 it announced the deferred sale of Crosby Homes. The reduction in scale was intended to generate surplus cash and 2004 saw a scheme of arrangement to return £1.45m to shareholders.[7]

In 2015, the company won Large Developer of the Year at the RESI awards organised by Property Week.[8]

In March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom, Berkeley said that coronavirus had cost it £80m in just six weeks and began shutting down most of its sites,[9] having earlier cancelled a £455m shareholder payout.[10] In June 2020, the company announced it was consulting on up to 200 redundancies,[11] and revealed its pre-tax profits were down 35% partly due to the COVID-19 impact, with falls in sales and revenues.[12] As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic], the company pushed back payment of £455m to shareholders by two years.[13]

Founder and chairman Tony Pidgley died, after suffering a stroke, in June 2020. Non-executive director Glyn Barker was appointed interim chairman[14] for up to two years until a permanent replacement is identified.[15]

Operations[edit]

Berkeley Homes has built some apartment towers in central London, including the One Blackfriars skyscraper (2014).[16] In smaller operations, it runs urban redevelopment programmes via Berkeley Community Villages and constructs in commercial property via Berkeley Commercial. Another subsidiary, Berkeley First, builds student and key worker accommodation. The operational subsidiaries include Berkeley Homes plc, which plans the largest estates and hires contractors with responsibility for the management of communal areas unless and until taken over by residents' Right to Manage companies. The developer imposes covenants to retain value across homes in its neighbourhoods.[17]

Large examples of operations include community facilities with village-sized neighbourhoods which are green-buffered and constructed closes of apartments and houses; for example, a scheme in Bracknell for 750 new homes, a primary school, extra care facility, roads, landscaping and local shops to be constructed on mixed-use land to expand the Warfield suburb, beside the town's computing and headquarters business parks.[18]

The Happy Man Tree with campaigners' decorations

In London developments include Wimbledon Hill Park and Royal Arsenal Riverside in Woolwich.[19]

Controversies[edit]

Flammable cladding[edit]

Following the Grenfell Tower fire in 2017, it emerged that many high rise buildings in the UK had been built with flammable cladding and insulation, and that many developers had not installed required fire hazard mitigation measures.[20] Several Berkeley Group's buildings were reported as having been built without the proper fire measures and some of their buildings have caught fire, such as Richmond House (part of the Hamptons development in Worcester Park, southwest London) in 2019 and Holborough Lakes, in Snodland, Kent in 2017.[21]

In the case of Richmond House, Andy Roe, commissioner of the London Fire Brigade (LFB) told a London Assembly committee that the building had been damaged beyond repair "in approximately 11 minutes once the fire had taken hold … entirely due to problems with internal compartmentation and poor standards of construction".[22] Arnold Tarling, a fire safety expert, found similar fire safety problems at other blocks of flats at Berkeley's Hamptons development. “There were large gaps. There was no fire-stopping. And it was packed full of wood fibre...”.[21] LFB's Roe said he uncovered similar defects at other Berkeley developments, including one in Reading and at Holborough Lakes, where the 2017 fire destroyed a block of flats with the same timber-frame construction as Richmond House. Hansen, a solicitor acting for Richmond House residents, stated that rather than appropriate compensation to the residents, “Berkeley has since instructed contractual dispute solicitors who are now denying liability and saying, ‘We are not paying anything.’”[21]

Other buildings built by Berkeley were deemed to be such a fire risk that they required immediate evacuation, such as the Paragon estate in Brentford.[23] However, like many UK developers, Berkeley Holdings Group opted not to pay for the required fire safety remediation works for several of its buildings, so leaseholders had to fund it themselves.[24] The cost per flat for installing the required fire safety mitigation measures was reported as amounting to over £100,000 per flat.[25] The government, media and the UK Cladding Action Group called on developers to pay for the remediation works, as some leaseholders had already declared bankruptcy over the fire safety costs.[26][27][28] Berkeley Group also rejected a call for an industry wide developer levy to help fund the remediation costs.[29] Sarah Pidgley, wife of Berkeley Homes founder, Tony Pidgley, donated £35,000 to the Conservative Party between 2017 and 2020.[30]

Happy Man Tree dispute[edit]

In 2020, Berkeley Homes was involved in a dispute with environmental campaigners over a 150 year old plane tree, known locally as the Happy Man Tree, which it wants removed as part of regeneration work on Woodberry Down estate in Hackney. Berkeley Homes and Hackney Council sought an injunction against peaceful protesters from blocking the removal of the tree, which was granted.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marshall, Jordan (23 July 2020). "Glyn Barker to chair Berkeley following death of Tony Pidgley". Building. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Director Deals: Berkeley boss buys in, fund honchos lighten up". Shares Magazine. 22 July 2021. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Berkeley Group Holdings. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Father, son square up for Berkeley Battle". The Telegraph. 18 February 2003. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  5. ^ "There is still so much to build". Property Chronicle. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  6. ^ Adams, David; Watkins, Craig (2002). Greenfields, Brownfields and Housing Development. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 124. ISBN 978-0632063871.
  7. ^ a b Wellings, Fred: Dictionary of British Housebuilders (2006) Troubador. ISBN 978-0-9552965-0-5
  8. ^ "RESI Awards 2016". resiawards.com. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  9. ^ Rogers, Dave (27 March 2020). "Berkeley warns on profit and begins shutting sites". Building. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  10. ^ Kelly, Megan (12 March 2020). "Berkeley postpones £455m shareholder payout amid coronavirus outbreak". Construction News. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  11. ^ Morby, Aaron (16 June 2020). "Sisk, Multiplex and Berkeley join industry jobs cull". Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  12. ^ Gardiner, Joey (17 June 2020). "Covid disruption sees Berkeley profit slump by a third". Building. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  13. ^ "Berkeley Group profits fall by a third after coronavirus lockdown". CityAM. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  14. ^ Prior, Grant (26 June 2020). "Berkeley Group founder Tony Pidgley dies". Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  15. ^ Marshall, Jordan (23 July 2020). "Glyn Barker to chair Berkeley following death of Tony Pidgley". Building. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Berkeley Wins Beetham Boomerang Bid". SkyscraperNews.com. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Freehold, Right to Manage, JIRA & Managing Agents". Jacobs Island Residents Association. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  18. ^ "Emerging proposals by Berkeley Homes... Archived 15 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine November 2013. Bracknell Forest Council. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  19. ^ "Property Hotspots along District Line" London Evening Standard Homes and Property domain. Retrieved 14 May 2014
  20. ^ Lees, Martina. "We won't stop campaigning until all buildings are safe and developers pay up". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  21. ^ a b c Lees, Martina | Video by Kasia Sobocinkska. "After Grenfell, why did fire destroy flats at Worcester Park last year?". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  22. ^ "After the St James fire Berkeley should do the decent thing, take responsibility and pay up". The Independent. 26 November 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  23. ^ "Construction fears force immediate evacuation of London estate". Construction Enquirer News. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  24. ^ "UK councils face struggle to recoup private-sector cladding costs". www.ft.com. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Leaseholders facing £100,000 remediation bills despite compliant cladding". Inside Housing. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  26. ^ "Debt, bankruptcy and fear now plague these innocent first-time buyers in Yorkshire now caught in the cladding scandal". www.yorkshirepost.co.uk. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  27. ^ Arlidge, John. "Cladding scandal: builders who make billions urged to stump up cash for cladding scandal". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  28. ^ Williams, Adam (28 January 2021). "Labour launches bid to save residents from ruinous cladding costs". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  29. ^ Lawford, Melissa (8 February 2021). "Developers spurn calls for levy to cure the cladding crisis". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  30. ^ Writer, Martina Lees, Senior Property. "Government's solution to cladding scandal: just take out a second loan". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  31. ^ "Berkeley chair raises concerns over 'mortgage prisoner' impact on housing market". Inside Housing. Retrieved 3 July 2020.

External links[edit]