Berkeley High School (California)
|Berkeley High School|
|1980 Allston Way
Berkeley, California 94704
|School district||Berkeley Unified School District|
|Teaching staff||162.41 (FTE)|
|Student to teacher ratio||19.56|
|Color(s)||Red and gold|
|Athletics conference||West Alameda County (WAC)|
|Accreditation||Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC)|
|Newspaper||Berkeley High Jacket|
|Feeder schools||King Middle School
Willard Middle School
Longfellow Middle School
|Website||Berkeley High School|
|NRHP reference #||07001350|
|Added to NRHP||January 7, 2008|
Berkeley High School is a public high school in the Berkeley Unified School District, and the only public high school in the city of Berkeley, California, United States. It is located one long block west of Shattuck Avenue and three short blocks south of University Avenue in Downtown Berkeley, and is recognized as a Berkeley landmark. The school mascot is the Yellowjacket.
- 1 History
- 2 Administration and organization
- 3 Campus and architecture
- 4 Notable people
- 5 In popular culture
- 6 Demographics
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
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The first public high school classes in Berkeley were held at the Kellogg Primary School located at Oxford and Center Streets adjacent to the campus of the University of California. It opened in 1880 and the first high school graduation occurred in 1884. In 1895, the first high school annual was published, entitled the Crimson and Gold (changed to Olla Podrida by 1899).
In 1900, the citizens of Berkeley voted in favor of a bond measure to establish the first dedicated public high school campus in the city. In 1901, construction began on the northwest portion of the present site of the high school. The main school building stood on the corner of Grove (now Martin Luther King Way) and Allston Way, where the "H" building is located today. At that time, Kittredge Street ran through what is today's campus site instead of ending at Milvia. The local office of the Bay Cities Telephone Company sat on the site of today's administration building at the corner of Allston Way and Milvia by 1911.
On Arbor Day of 1902, noted naturalist John Muir joined Berkeley's mayor William H. Marston in planting a giant sequoia in a yard south of the new high school buildings. The tree is apparently no longer there, pending results from a future investigation.
The main building of the high school suffered moderate damage in the form of toppled chimneys, broken windows and some weakened walls as a result of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Professor Andrew Lawson of the University of California included one of his own photographs (shown at right) of the damage in his famous report issued in 1908.
In 1964, the West Campus of Berkeley High School was opened in the buildings of the former Burbank Junior High School at Bonar Street and University Avenue. It served all ninth graders, while the main campus served grades 10-12, except for an interval from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s when it was 7-9 to accommodate construction at Willard Junior High School. It was turned over to the Berkeley Adult School in 1986, which used it until 2004. West Campus is currently closed, but the main building is being used as the administrative offices of the Berkeley Unified School District.
A number of famous performers have played at the Berkeley Community Theater on the Berkeley High campus. On May 23, 1952, Paul Robeson sang, despite a small McCarthy-era furor. In 1957, Stan Getz was one of the featured performers of the Berkeley Jazz Festival. Beginning in the late sixties, many bands and singers made the Community Theater their venue, including Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Van Morrison, The Grateful Dead, The Kinks, Bruce Springsteen, Genesis, Elvis Costello, The Clash, Iggy Pop, and David Bowie.
A significant portion of students and faculty alike were involved with the various forms of political activism which characterized the sixties in Berkeley, including protests against the Vietnam War, advocacy for civil rights and third world studies, and supporting People's Park. The campus included a Black Students Union, Chicano Student Union, and an Asian Student Union (formerly called the Oriental Student Union). In 1971, Berkeley High students elected a gay male African American student as Homecoming Queen.
Berkeley High School has been innovative in its high school curriculum. In the fall of 1970, a "school within a school" opened at Berkeley High, called Community High School. It was "alternative", in keeping with the sixties culture which permeated life in Berkeley at the time. By 1974 there were several small schools within Berkeley High: Genesis-Agora (formerly Community and Community 2), Model School A, School of the Arts, and College Prep. Berkeley High School was also the first public high school in the United States with an African American Studies department, established in 1969.
The Berkeley High campus was designated a historic district, the Berkeley High School Campus Historic District, by the National Register of Historic Places on January 7, 2008.
Administration and organization
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In 2000, in an attempt to better serve its diverse community, BHS began experimenting with the idea of small schools. Bill Gates, who originally promoted small schools, has since withdrawn his support. Education leaders at the Gates Foundation concluded that "improving classroom instruction and mobilizing the resources of an entire district were more important first steps to improving high schools than breaking down the size."  This point of view was amplified in a study that carefully analyzed matched students in schools of varying sizes. The lead author concluded, "I’m afraid we have done a terrible disservice to kids." 
In 2005, Berkeley High School officially established four small schools and a comprehensive program, Academic Choice. The small schools use the highly controversial Interactive Mathematics Program (IMP), which has come under harsh criticism for failing to prepare students for college. A detailed analysis of IMP by U. C. Berkeley mathematician Dr. H. Wu led him to conclude that it does not meet the needs of "those who plan to pursue the study of one of the exact sciences, engineering, economics or biology, and those who entertain such a possibility." For students "who will not go to college as well as those who will, but do not plan to pursue the study of any of the exact sciences (mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry), engineering, economics, or biology," Dr. Wu found that IMP (though not without its serious gaps) can be useful.
The small schools that began the 2005-06 school year were:
- The Arts and Humanities Academy (AHA)
- Communication Arts and Sciences (CAS)
- Academy of Medicine and Public Service (AMPS, originally Community Partnerships Academy)
- Green Academy (originally School of Social Justice & Ecology)
In addition to the smaller schools, there are two Comprehensive Learning Communities which comprise nearly two-thirds of the student body. Academic Choice (AC) and Berkeley International High School (BIHS) - part of the International Baccalaureate (IB) program as of 2007 - make up this Comprehensive Learning Community.
- Academic Choice (AC)
- Berkeley International High School (BIHS)
Math and English proficiency rates by learning community
The following California Standards Test (CST) data was disaggregated by learning community by the BUSD Department of Evaluation and compares the proficiency rates of Berkeley High School's six learning communities - Academic Choice, I.B., Arts and Humanities (AHA), Communication Arts and Science (CAS) and Academy of Medicine and Public Service (AMPS):
Percent of students "proficient or above" in Math and English California Standards Test (CST) scores
|Small school||Enrollment 2011||English 2007||English 2011||Math 2007||Math 2011|
|Academic Choice (AC)||1,300||67%||57%||36%||30%|
|Berkeley International High School (BIHS)||900||64%||69%||39%||33%|
|California state average||41%||49%||21%||28%|
|Arts and Humanities (AHA)||240||40%||47%||12%||7%|
|Communication Arts & Sci. (CAS)||240||42%||31%||5%||6%|
|Medicine & Public Service (AMPS/CPA)||240||28%||22%||4%||2%|
|Green Academy (formerly SSJE)||280||36%||30%||7%||6%|
|Berkeley High School average||3,200||51%||52%||24%||23%|
Berkeley High School has been rated by several independent organizations. It currently receives a rating of 8/10 by GreatSchools, which utilizes test score, college readiness, course offering, equity, and discipline data to evaluate schools. It receives a grade of A+ by Niche, which utilizes public data and user reviews.
Departments, parents, and student organizations
- African American Studies Department
- Athletics: basketball, badminton, crew, cross country,  football, women's lacrosse, men's lacrosse
- BHS Athletic Fund
- Computer Technology
- English and World Language
- Journalism, which produces the locally prominent school newspaper, the Berkeley High Jacket
- Physical Education
- Special Education
- Visual and Performing Arts: Jazz Ensemble 
- Youth & Government
Campus and architecture
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The Berkeley High School campus covers four city blocks between Milvia Street and Martin Luther King Jr Way, and Allston and Channing Ways. It contains several buildings, built between 1901 and 2004, which display a variety of architectural styles.
In the late 1930s, Berkeley High was remodeled and old buildings were replaced with newer ones. The Florence Schwimley Little Theater, the Berkeley Community Theatre, and the G and H buildings are prime examples of the Streamline Moderne style designed by architects Henry H. Gutterson and William G. Corlett. The rebuilding was financed largely in part of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal program the WPA.
In popular culture
Berkeley was the subject of an episode of PBS's Frontline about racial politics at Berkeley High School entitled "School Colors". The documentary was filmed throughout the 1993-1994 school year and aired on October 18, 1994.
Nancy Rubin, who taught the class "Social Living" at Berkeley High for several decades, published a 1994 book titled Ask Me If I Care: Voices from an American High School which addresses teen social issues and is compiled from journal entries by anonymous Berkeley High School students written during their Social Living classes.
Berkeley High demographics, as of the 2014-2015 school year, out of 3182 enrolled students:
- 631 (19.8%) African American, non-Hispanic
- 6 (0.2%) American Indian or Alaska Native
- 255 (8.0%) Asian
- 33 (1.0%) Filipino
- 688 (21.6%) Hispanic or Latino
- 7 (0.2%) Pacific Islander
- 1,235 (38.8%) White, non-Hispanic
- 322 (10.1%) identifying as two or more races
- 5 (0.2%) with no reported ethnicity
- 934 (29.4%) received free and reduced price meals
In the 2011-2012 school year, Berkeley High was 37% White, 26% African American, 13% Latino, 10% Native American/Asian /Pacific Islander, and 11% multiracial. 32.7% of the students received free/reduced lunch.
In the 2009-2010 school year, Berkeley High was 36.7% White, 29.1% Black, 12.6% Hispanic/Latino, 7.9% Asian, .6% Filipino, .3% Native American, .1% Native Hawaiian, and 12.5% multi-ethnic.
- "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Berkeley High". ed.gov. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- "The California Earthquake of April 18, 1906". google.com. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- San Francisco Chronicle, April 23, 1952
- Berkeley Board of Education Meeting minutes, May 1952
- Oakland Tribune, Aug. 2, 1957
- "The War in the Schools"
- http://www.dailycal.org/article/12003/fate_of_berkeley_high_african-american_studies_pro. Retrieved September 26, 2008. Missing or empty
- Wainer, Howard (2009). Picturing the Uncertain World. Princeton University Press.
- Wu, H. "Review of the Interactive Mathematics Program".
- Article in The Daily Californian
- basketball Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.
- cross country
- football[permanent dead link]
- women's lacrosse Archived 2005-09-11 at the Wayback Machine.
- men's lacrosse Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- BHS Athletic Fund Archived 2005-08-28 at the Wayback Machine.
- JSA Archived 2008-06-28 at the Wayback Machine.
- "BHS Jacket". bhsjacket.com. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- PTSA Archived 2005-11-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- Jazz Ensemble
- "Youth & Government | YMCA-PG&E Teen Center | YMCA of the Central Bay Area". ymca-cba.org. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
-  Archived September 6, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Author Isabel Allende enlightens Berkeley audience", San Jose Mercury News, May 2, 2013.
- Mal Warwick, "Isabel Allende’s new novel has a Berkeley twist", Berkeleyside, May 9, 2013.
- "Ask Me If I Care: Voices from an American High School" (review), Publishers Weekly.
- Meredith May, "Talkin' off the hizzle with homeys / Berkeley High dictionary can help parents translate latest slang", San Francisco Chronicle, April 29, 2001.
- "California Department of Education". Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- "WASC Self Study Report". 2012.
- "Welcome to Berkeley Unified School District".
- Berkeley, California: the story of the evolution of a hamlet into a city of culture and commerce by William Warren Ferrier, Imprint Berkeley, Calif. (1933)
- Berkeley: The Town and the Gown of It, by George A. Pettitt, Howell-North Books, Berkeley (1973)
- Sanborn Insurance Map: Berkeley, California, Plate 83 (1911)