|Hunt type||Fox hunting|
(foxes from 18th century)
|Founded by||Berkeley family|
|Historical quarry||Stag and buck|
|Hunt country||Gloucestershire & South Gloucestershire|
The Berkeley Hunt's establishment is said to have been, in its (18th century) day, one of the largest and most important the world has ever known. Hounds have been kept at Berkeley since the 12th century, at first to hunt the stag and the buck, and since the 18th century, to hunt the fox. The Berkeley family still own the Berkeley's hounds and the kennels.
The "hill country" above Dursley and Wotton-under-Edge is hunted mainly in March and early April, and adjoins the Duke of Beaufort's estate. The "vale country" comprises the Vale of Berkeley, largely dairy and stock farms with much permanent pasture, although the use of this land for growing crops is increasing.
Relationship with the Old Berkeley Hunt
At one time the Berkeley Hunt's hounds were kennelled at Berkeley and at Cheltenham, Nettlebed, Gerrards Cross and Cranford, Middlesex. It should have been possible to hunt from Berkeley Castle to Wormwood Scrubs, 100 miles as the crow flies, although not on a regular basis without disturbing other hunts. This wide range of activity may have begun by the Berkeleys taking their hounds to London each year. In the late 18th century, the 5th Earl of Berkeley lost most of his land in and around Middlesex.
Gerrards Cross and Cranford retained the old livery and became known as the Old Berkeley Hunt. They were later divided into East and West.
After the Hunting Act
Although "hunting wild mammals with a dog" was made unlawful in England and Wales by the Hunting Act 2004, which came into effect in 2005, a number of exemptions stated in Schedule 1 of the 2004 Act permit some previously unusual forms of hunting wild mammals with dogs to continue, such as "hunting... for the purpose of enabling a bird of prey to hunt the wild mammal". The Berkeley stresses that its present-day hunting is within the exemptions permitted by law.
Lending a name
- The Old Berkeley Hunt developed a large following among the prosperous London middle classes:
- The English slang word "berk" is a contraction of "Berkeley Hunt", which in turn refers to the English vulgarity "cunt" (The usage is dated to the 1930s). It is an example of Cockney rhyming slang. The "berk" in Berkeley is pronounced //, but in Cockney it is pronounced //, as in American English.
- The Hunt-class mine countermeasure vessel HMS Berkeley was named after the hunt.
- Berkeley Square in London is named after the Berkeley family. Berkeley House in Piccadilly was sold in 1696 to the Duke of Devonshire who later in the 18th century built a new house on the site and it was known as Devonshire House.
- Charles Richardson, The Complete Foxhunter, Methuen & Co, 1908
- Hunting Act 2004, text online at opsi.gov.uk
- Stephen Moss, The banned rode on: Eighteen months ago hunting was banned. Or was it? from The Guardian dated 7 November 2006, at guardian.co.uk, accessed 29 April 2013
- Jonathon Green, Cassell's Dictionary of Slang (Cassel & Co) ISBN 0-304-35167-9