Berlin, Pennsylvania

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Berlin, Pennsylvania
Borough
Berlin, Pennsylvania
Berlin, Pennsylvania
Berlin is located in Pennsylvania
Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is located in the US
Berlin
Berlin
Coordinates: 39°55′17″N 78°57′00″W / 39.92139°N 78.95000°W / 39.92139; -78.95000Coordinates: 39°55′17″N 78°57′00″W / 39.92139°N 78.95000°W / 39.92139; -78.95000
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Somerset
Settled 1784
Incorporated February 7, 1833
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2 km2)
Elevation 2,323 ft (708 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,192
 • Density 2,420.0/sq mi (934.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15530
Area code(s) 814

Berlin, a borough located approximately 75 miles southeast of Pittsburgh in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,192 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The town's major celebration each fall concerns the Whiskey Rebellion in the 1790s, although in recent years residents also commemorate the termination of Flight 93 in nearby Shanksville in 2001. The Berlin Fife and Drum Corps is one of the oldest such bands in North America. Snyder of Berlin potato chips are made in town, which also hosts Center Rock, Inc., a drilling-equipment manufacturer. Farming and coal mining have long been important in the area.

It is not near East Berlin in Adams County, nor New Berlin in Union County. East Berlin was previously called Berlin but had to have the "East" added to avoid confusion with this Berlin.

History[edit]

Immigrants (especially those from Germany) began settling the area before the American Revolutionary War, and the surrounding Brothersvalley Township was incorporated in 1771. Further settlement occurred by Revolutionary War veterans, so the borough was laid out in 1784 and formally incorporated on February 7, 1833.

In June 1794, a riot occurred at the Berlin Schoolhouse during the Whiskey Rebellion. By September, Irish immigrant Robert Philson raised a liberty pole at his log store on the square and advised citizens to oppose U.S. laws. Federal troops arrived in October, and the rebellion evaporated, with Philson and itinerant preacher Herman Husband being taken to Philadelphia for trial (where they were acquitted). Governor Thomas Mifflin made his headquarters in Dr. Christian Boerstler's house.[1]

Local attorney Jeremiah S. Black rose to become Justice of Pennsylvania (1851-1857, serving as Chief Justice from 1851-1853). After election of fellow Pennsylvanian James Buchanan as President of the United States, he began litigating fraudulent land claims in California as United States Attorney General and later served as Secretary of State.

Geography[edit]

Berlin is located at 39°55′17″N 78°57′00″W / 39.9213°N 78.9501°W / 39.9213; -78.9501,[2] about 11 miles (18 km) southeast of Somerset and about 63 miles (101 km) SSW of Altoona. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land. Berlin has an elevation of 2,323 feet (708 m), the second highest, beside only Seven Springs, in Pennsylvania.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 294
1810 330 12.2%
1820 382 15.8%
1840 524
1850 665 26.9%
1860 643 −3.3%
1870 640 −0.5%
1880 728 13.8%
1890 912 25.3%
1900 1,030 12.9%
1910 1,336 29.7%
1920 1,563 17.0%
1930 1,393 −10.9%
1940 1,602 15.0%
1950 1,507 −5.9%
1960 1,600 6.2%
1970 1,766 10.4%
1980 1,999 13.2%
1990 2,064 3.3%
2000 2,192 6.2%
2010 2,104 −4.0%
Est. 2015 2,019 [4] −4.0%
Sources:[5][6][7]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 2,192 people, 881 households, and 577 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,420.0 people per square mile (930.0/km2). There were 940 housing units at an average density of 1,037.8 per square mile (398.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.54% White, 0.05% African American, 0.32% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.18% of the population.

There were 881 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,219, and the median income for a family was $35,714. Males had a median income of $27,763 versus $20,156 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,614. About 5.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pennsylvania historic marker; text at http://www.historicalmarkerproject.com/markers/HME83_berlin_Berlin-PA.html
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ Highest Elevation of Towns in Pennsylvania
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

See also[edit]