Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region
Metropolregion Berlin/Brandenburg
Map of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region  Berlin agglomeration  City of Berlin  Berlin city centre
Map of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region
  Berlin agglomeration
  City of Berlin
  Berlin city centre
Country  Germany


Largest city Berlin (3,610,156 inh. in 2015)[1]
 • Metro 30,370 km2 (11,730 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Metro 6,004,857
 • Metro density 193/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
GDP(nominal) in 2017[2] €136 billion(Berlin) + €69 billion(Brandenburg) = €205 billion
Nominal GDP per capita in 2017 €34,000(~US$40,000)
Website Official website

The Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region (German: Metropolregion Berlin/Brandenburg, also Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg) is one of eleven metropolitan regions of Germany, consisting of the entire territories of the city-state of Berlin and the surrounding state of Brandenburg. The region covers an area of 30,370 square kilometres (11,730 sq mi) with a total population exceeding 6 million.[3][4]

The metropolitan region should be distinguished from Berlin's immediate agglomeration, dubbed Berliner Umland (English: Berlin's surrounding countryside or Berlin's countryside) which comprises the city and the immediate Brandenburg municipalities; Berliner Umland is significantly smaller and much more densely populated, accounting for the vast majority of the population of the entire metropolitan region over a fraction of its total land area.


Within the metropolitan region, a much smaller and much more densely populated Berliner Umland (English: Berlin's surrounding countryside or Berlin's countryside) comprises the city of Berlin and the immediate Brandenburg municipalities surrounding it. With over 4.46 million people over its 3,743 km2 area, Berliner Umland accounts for the vast majority (approximately 74%) of the population of the entire metropolitan region over approximately 12% of the entire area.[5] The region contains five independent cities – of which the Brandenburg capital Potsdam is the only one with a population greater than 100,000 – and 14 districts (Landkreise). The inhabitants of Berlin and Potsdam account for more than 80 percent of the region's total population. The Brandenburg area is characterized by suburban settlements on the Berlin city limits and small towns in the rural outer area.

Beside Berlin and Potsdam, Berliner Umland comprises the following 67 municipalities:[6] These other communes are listed below, subdivided per district. The municipalities marked with (c) have city status:


The metropolitan region counts three levels of centralities (Zentralörtliche Gliederung): The metropolis (Metropole) of Berlin, the four upper level regional centres (Oberzentren) of Potsdam, Cottbus, Brandenburg an der Havel and Frankfurt (Oder), as well as 42 secondary centres (Mittelzentren) allocated to 50 towns.

Berlin agglomeration with centralities
Population density in Berlin-Brandenburg in 2015

The Berlin agglomeration comprises the metropolis Berlin, the regional centre of Potsdam and 17 secondary centres:

Demographics of Berliner Umland[edit]

Population of the metropolitan region Berlin/Brandenburg[7]
  City of Berlin
  Surrounding Brandenburg municipalities

The following list contains the most populated towns and municipalities in the Berliner Umland:

  1. Berlin (3,517,424)
  2. Potsdam (161,468)
  3. Oranienburg (41,966)
  4. Falkensee (40,900)
  5. Bernau (36,624)
  6. Königs Wusterhausen (34,083)
  7. Fürstenwalde (32,456)
  8. Strausberg (26,156)
  9. Hennigsdorf (25,988)
  10. Blankenfelde-Mahlow (25,934)
  11. Hohen Neuendorf (24,551)
  12. Ludwigsfelde (24,150)
  13. Werder (23,211)
  14. Teltow (23,069)
  15. Wandlitz (21,801)
  16. Kleinmachnow (20,181)
  17. Panketal (19,291)
  18. Zossen (17,717)
  19. Neuenhagen (16,972)
  20. Hoppegarten (16,808)
  21. Nauen (16,804)
  22. Rüdersdorf (15,317)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]