Berlin Jungfernheide station
Max-Dohrn-Str. 5, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin|
|Operated by||DB Station&Service|
|Fare zone||Berlin A|
Berlin Jungfernheide is a railway station located at Charlottenburg-Nord, in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district of Berlin, served by the S-Bahn lines and , the U-Bahn line and Regional-Express trains of the Deutsche Bahn. Its name literally translates into "maidens' heathland"; it was named after the Jungfernheide, a former large forest in the proximity of this station.
The S-Bahn station Jungfernheide was opened in 1894, around 20 years after the tracks were first laid on that stretch. It originally had a single island platform, served by trains of the Berlin Ringbahn. This was supplemented in 1908 by a second platform for suburban trains and then later by a third, built specifically for the new Siemensbahn, which was funded by the company Siemens to serve their plant some distance west of the station.
Following the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961, however, services were disrupted and the station was reduced to having two platforms. The station fell into complete disuse after 1980, when passenger numbers fell to unsustainable levels. This situation was intensified by the building of the U-Bahn line , which was essentially a parallel service to the S-Bahn to Spandau.
Following the fall of the Wall, many disused S-Bahn lines were brought back into use. This included the Ringbahn but none of the other routes through Jungfernheide, which therefore reopened with only one platform on 15 April 1997, at which time only the line from the south was in use. It was not until 2002 that the Ringbahn was operated again in its entirety and Jungfernheide enjoyed a status as an important interchange between S-Bahn and U-Bahn, owing to its being served by direct trains from the majority of Berlin's central districts.
The subway station was opened on 1 October 1980 on the occasion of the commissioning of the route from Rohrdamm to Richard-Wagner-Platz on the . Originally, a changeover to the S-Bahn was planned at this time. However, this had been shut down as a result of the strike of the Reichsbahn two weeks before.
The design took over the architect Rainer Gerhard Rümmler as with all Berlin subway new buildings at this time. The result was a decorated with colorful floral motifs fired on ceramic tiles station, which, however, looks very dark by the barren lighting.
The station is designed with two platforms on top of each other, as a connection to Berlin Tegel Airport was provided by the extended line. For this purpose, the eastern platform edge would have been used on both levels. Today, the trains stop in the direction of Rudow at the upper platform and at the lower platform in the direction of Rathaus Spandau.
On 17 December 1997, the subway station received a elevator that connects both platforms with the front hall.
In one part of the station and the adjoining unused track tunnel the fire-brigade exercise facility of the Berlin subway is located. It was inaugurated on 14 July 2003. The facility is 350 meters long, including a 90-meter smoke chamber. This marks the U5 platforms and tracks totally unusable. The U5 extension was later cancelled and became a tram route. In addition to the BVG-own staff firefighters, police, emergency physicians and Technisches Hilfswerk train in the emergency training center (Notfallübungscenter (NÜC)) the fire fighting and evacuation. An emergency exit can also be included in the exercises.
Deutsche Bahn station
The part of the station for regional trains was opened on 28 May 2006 along with the new Berlin Hauptbahnhof, which also included a major reorganisation of the train services in and around Berlin. The station is served around half-hourly for most of the day by the Regional-Express line RE4, which runs between Rathenow and Jüterbog, and the RegionalBahn service RB10, from Nauen to Berlin Hbf.
Before the Ringbahn was reactivated in this area, its platform B was used in the early 1990s as a terminus for regional trains.
The station is serves by the following service(s):
- Regional services Rathenow - Wustermark - Berlin - Ludwigsfelde - Jüterbog
- Local services Nauen – Falkensee – Berlin
- Peak hour services Wustermark – Berlin
- Berlin S-Bahn services (Ring Clockwise) Jungfernheide - Gesundbrunnen - Ostkreuz - Treptower Park - Hermannstraße - Südkreuz - Innsbrucker Platz - Westkreuz - Westend - Jungfernheide
- Berlin S-Bahn services (Ring Anti-clockwise) Jungfernheide - Westend - Westkreuz - Innsbrucker Platz - Südkreuz - Hermannstraße - Treptower Park - Ostkreuz - Gesundbrunnen - Jungfernheide
- U-Bahn services U7 Spandau - Jungfernheide - Charlottenburg - Fehrberlliner Platz - Yorckstraße - Mehringdamm - Neukölln - Rudow
- "Stationspreisliste 2018" [Station price list 2018] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- J. Meyer-Kronthaler, Berlins U-Bahnhöfe, Berlin: be.bra, 1996, p131
- "Übungsanlage der Berliner U-Bahn" (in German). Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe. Archived from the original on 2013-01-13. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- [bvg.de "Notfälle trainieren"] (in German), BVG plus (1): pp. 10 f., 2017, bvg.de. Retrieved 2017-01-05 , Format: PDF
- Timetables for Berlin Jungfernheide station (in German)
Media related to Bahnhof Berlin Jungfernheide at Wikimedia Commons