Berlin Schönefeld Airport
|Berlin Schönefeld Airport
|IATA: SXF – ICAO: EDDB,
|Operator||Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||157 ft / 48 m|
Berlin Schönefeld Airport ( Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld (help·info)) (IATA: SXF, ICAO: EDDB) is the secondary international airport of Berlin, the capital of Germany. It is located 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Berlin near the town of Schönefeld in the state of Brandenburg and borders Berlin's southern boundary. It is the smaller of the two airports in Berlin, after Berlin Tegel Airport, and serves as a base for Condor, easyJet and Ryanair.
Schönefeld Airport was the major civil airport of East Germany (GDR) and the only airport of formerly East Berlin. It is planned to incorporate part of Schönefeld's existing infrastructure into the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport when it opens, which is scheduled between late 2017 to late 2018 as of August 2016.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminals
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Other facilities
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Ground transportation
- 7 Accidents and incidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
First years and World War II
On 15 October 1934 construction begun to build three 800m long runways to serve Henschel aircraft plant in Schönefeld. By the end of the Second World War, over 14,000 aircraft had been built. On 22 April 1945, the facilities were occupied by Soviet troops, and the plant was dismantled and demolished. By late 1947, the railway connection had been repaired and agricultural machinery was built and repaired on the site.
In 1946, the Soviet Air Forces moved from Johannisthal Air Field to Schönefeld, including the civil airline Aeroflot. In 1947, the Soviet Military Administration in Germany approved the construction of a civilian airport at the site.
A stipulation of the Four Power Agreement following World War II was a total ban on German carriers' participation in air transport to Berlin, where access was restricted to US, British, French and Soviet airlines. Since Schönefeld airport was located outside of the city boundaries of Berlin, this restriction did not apply. Thus, aircraft of the East German flag carrier Interflug could use Schönefeld airport, while West German Lufthansa was denied access to Tegel or Tempelhof airports.
Development after German reunification
Berlin Schönefeld Airport has seen a major increase in passenger numbers over recent years, which was caused by the opening of bases for both easyJet and Germanwings. In 2008, the airport served 6.6 million passengers.
Following German reunification in 1990, operating three separate airports became increasingly cost prohibitive, leading the Berlin legislature to pursue plans for a single airport that would be more efficient and would decrease the amount of aircraft noise from airports within the city. Therefore, it was decided to build Berlin Brandenburg Airport at the current site of Schönefeld Airport, originally scheduled to open in late 2012. For various reasons, mainly issues with the fire alarm/safety system, the opening has been postponed to 2016 or later.
The new airport will share only one runway with the existing one – the current runway will become the north runway of the new airport. Most of the old Schönefeld Airport, including the terminal and apron areas, will undergo complete urban redevelopment following its closure. Part of the old apron area will be used by the future new passenger terminal of the German government used for state visits and other state flight operations.
At the start of the winter season in 2012 Germanwings left Schönefeld for Berlin-Tegel to maintain closer operations within the Lufthansa Group there. However, to provide competition for Ryanair's new routes, Germanwings announced a return to Schönefeld in addition to their Tegel operations from October 2015.
Aer Lingus also announced it would switch airports within Berlin, from Schönefeld to Tegel, by March 2015. Meanwhile, Ryanair announced the establishment of their sixth German base in Schönefeld by 27 October 2015 by deploying five aircraft to the airport and adding 16 new routes.
On 2 May 2015, the first planes departing from the airport became the first commercial flights to use the southern runway of nearby Berlin Brandenburg Airport, which temporarily became Schönefeld's only runway while its own, which will become the northern runway of the new airport, was renovated.
In 2016 the Schönefeld Airport extension will be concluded. Terminal B will be extended by approx. 600 square metres and the baggage area is also to be enlarged by 40 per cent. In the form of Terminal D2, an entirely new arrival terminal is being built west of Terminal D. Spanning almost 3,800 square metres, this building will feature three baggage carousels and the coach parking area is also being relocated to a new area in P6
The airport is still seeing exceptionally high growth of passenger numbers with Berlin's economic growth. The airport at this stage is considerably over capacity.
Schönefeld Airport consists of the four terminals - A, B, C and D. These terminals are located next to each other but have separate landside areas; however they are connected through a joint airside concourse. Terminal C has no check-in facility: it is used exclusively for passengers clearing security checks to enter the airside boarding gates. Due to a lack of space, there are not as many facilities as those at many other international airports. There are some shops, however, including duty-free, newsagents, a few restaurants such as Burger King and private airline lounges.
Terminals A and B
The main building is the original part of the airport. It houses check-in for Terminals A and B. Terminal A features check-in counters A01–A18, with the largest user being Ryanair alongside several other airlines like Aeroflot. Terminal B, located in a side wing, was originally reserved for transit passengers to and from West Berlin who took advantage of cheaper air fares and package tours arranged by an East German travel agency. Nowadays, it is used exclusively by EasyJet with check-in counters B20–B29. The airside consists of three jet bridges as well as several walk-boarding aircraft stands located at Pier 3a, an extension that was opened in 2005.
Terminal C was originally built to accommodate flights to Israel. It was reconfigured in 2008 to handle sightseeing trips and flights in connection with special events. It was further reconfigured in 2015 to provide access to all terminal gates. To reduce congestion in other terminals, it now houses additional security checkpoints for passengers who have checked-in or only carry hand luggage.
Terminal D was opened in December 2005 due to rapidly growing passenger numbers. Being nearly identical to Terminal C at Berlin Tegel Airport, it features check-in counters D40–D57, which are mainly used by Condor and Norwegian Air Shuttle. It does not feature jet bridges but several walk-boarding stands.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Berlin Schönefeld Airport:
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
|Gdańsk, Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|West Air Sweden||Cologne/Bonn|
The head office of Private Wings is located in the General Aviation Terminal (Allgemeine Luftfahrt) on the property of Schönefeld Airport. Before its demise, the East German airline company Interflug had its headquarters on the airport property.
Berlin Schönefeld Airport is served by Berlin-Schönefeld Flughafen railway station, a short walking distance through a ground-level covered walkway from the airport terminals A-D. Berlin S-Bahn lines S9 and S45 run every twenty minutes, but to reach Berlin's Central Station (Berlin Hbf) without changing trains, there are regional trains (RE Regional-Express or RB Regional-Bahn) running every 30 minutes. These direct trains call at Berlin Ostbahnhof, Alexanderplatz, Friedrichstrasse, Central Station (after 30 minutes) and Zoologischer Garten.
The airport can be reached via the nearby motorway A113 (Exit Schönefeld Süd) which itself is connected to motorways A100 which leads to Berlin city center and A10 which circles around Berlin and connects further to all directions.
The airport is linked by local BVG bus lines 162 (towards Adlershof) and 171 (towards Neukölln). Additionally the X7 bus service provides a connection to the Berlin U-Bahn network at Rudow Station At night, the underground replacement bus N7 is available.
Accidents and incidents
- On 14 August 1972, an Ilyushin Il-62 aircraft of Interflug (registered DM-SEA) crashed near Königs Wusterhausen shortly into a flight to Burgas, killing all 156 passenger and crew on board.
- On 22 November 1977, a Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft of Interflug (registration DM-SCM) crashed upon landing at Schönefeld Airport due to a falsely configured autopilot. There were no fatalities among the 74 passenger and crew, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
- On 19 August 1978, LOT Polish Airlines Flight 165, a LOT flight from Gdansk Airport to Schönefeld (carried out on a Tupolev Tu-134, registration SP-LGC),was hijacked and forced to land at Tempelhof Airport in West Berlin, thus having been used as a means for escaping the Eastern Bloc. In these cases, perpetrators were usually not charged by Western authorities.
- On 12 December 1986, an Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134 (registration CCCP-65795) coming from Minsk Airport crashed in Berlin Bohnsdorf on its approach towards Schönefeld airport, after having attempted to land on a runway that was temporary blocked for construction work, killing 72 of the 82 passengers and crew on board.
- On 17 June 1989, an Ilyushin Il-62 aircraft of Interflug (registration DDR-SEW) bound for Moscow crashed shortly after take-off into a field near the airport and caught fire. 21 people on board as well as one person on the ground were killed. The East German authorities feared an act of sabotage due to the anniversary of the East German uprising, which led to a delayed aid for injured people. West German rescuers offering help were denied access to the scene. The cause for the accident was later given as a jammed rudder due to a manufacturing defect.
- On 28 March 2000, a Boeing 737-300 of Germania (registration D-AGES) operating a charter flight on behalf of LTU from Tenerife South Airport to Schönefeld was the subject of an attempted hijack in mid-flight. A passenger forced his way into the cockpit, where he attacked the pilot, leading to a sudden loss of altitude. The perpetrator was restrained and the flight continued to Berlin.
- On 19 June 2010, a 1944-built, historic Douglas DC-3 D-CXXX of Berlin Air Services crashed shortly after take off on a local sightseeing flight, causing 7 injuries but no fatalities.
- "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.
- "The future lies in Schoenefeld". Berlin-airport.de.
- aero.de - "Openingdate 2017 for BER now only theoretically" (German) 21 August 2016
- "Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg: Regierungsterminal in der Warteschleife | Hauptstadtflughafen – Berliner Zeitung" (in German). Berliner-zeitung.de.
- "Germanwings zieht nach Berlin-Tegel". Spiegel.de. 4 September 2012.
- "Germanwings stellt sich Konkurrenz durch Ryanair". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Aer Lingus to switch Berlin flights from Schönefeld to Tegel". ch-aviation. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
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- "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Construction work at Schönefeld Airport: Upgrading of federal highway B96a, car park P4 closed". Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- "Schönefeld Airport layout".
- Event and Show Terminal C Archived 5 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Fly from Liverpool to Berlin
- "Ryanair Expands Berlin Schoenefeld Routes from Nov 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- book.flytap.com retrieved 3 August 2016
- "Anfahrt GAT Schönefeld." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013.
- "Access Business Aviation Center/GAT." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013.
- "Imprint." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013. "Postal adress: [sic] PRIVATE WINGS Flugcharter GmbH Chief executive officers: Peter Paul Gatz und Andreas Wagner Flughafen Berlin – Schönefeld 12521 Berlin, Germany" and "Delivery address: Private Wings Flugcharter GmbH Waßmannsdorfer Straße 12529 Schönefeld (ehemals Diepensee)"
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 March 1988. 82. "Head Office: DDR-1189, Berlin-Schönefeld Flughafen, German Democratic Republic."
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 March 1970. 484. "Head Office: Zentralflughafen. Berlin-Schonefeld, 1189. German Democratic Republic."
- Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV – Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Berlin bus lines. Retrieved 23 December 2009". Bvg.de.
- "Interflug accident of 1977 at the Aircraft Accident Database. Retrieved 23 December 2009". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "LOT highjacking at the Aircraft Accident Database. Retrieved 23 December 2009". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Aeroflot accident of 1986 at the Aviation Accident Database. Retrieved 23 December 2009". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Interflug accident of 1989 at the Aviation Accident Database. Retrieved 23 December 2009". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Germania attempted highjacking at the Aircraft Accident Database. Retrieved 23 December 2009". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
Media related to Berlin Schönefeld Airport at Wikimedia Commons