Berlyn B. Brixner
|Died||August 1, 2009 (aged 98)|
|Education||University of Texas|
|Known for||Trinity test photographer|
|Spouse(s)||Betty (m.c. 1940)|
Audrey Chew (1915-1996) (m. 1956)
|Children||Annette Brixner (born 1942)|
Kathleen Brixner (born 1943)
Berlyn B. Brixner (May 21, 1911 – August 1, 2009) was an American photographer. He was the head photographer for the Trinity test, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon in July 1945. Brixner was positioned 10,000 yards (9,100 m) away from the explosion and had 50 cameras of varying speeds running from different locations to capture the shot in full motion.
He was born in El Paso, Texas on May 21, 1911. His mother had graduated from Western New Mexico University in 1898 and taught school in various small southern New Mexico communities. His father was a power systems engineer for a mining company, and had worked in Chile, Mexico and the Fanny Mine in Mogollon, New Mexico until the Army commandeered its boxcar-size generators at the beginning of World War II turning Mogollon into a ghost town.
Brixner attended the University of Texas at Austin for four years without earning a degree, then worked and studied photography under Willis W. Waite, who operated a pathology laboratory in El Paso. In 1936, Brixner worked as a regional photographer with the Soil Conservation Service at its four-state headquarters in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He married his first wife, Betty, around 1940. His two daughters, Annette (born 1942) and Kathleen (born 1943) were born in Albuquerque. During World War II, he was hired at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to work on photography problems connected with the Manhattan Project in the Optics Engineering and High Speed Photography Group in Los Alamos under the direction of Professor Julian Mack, the group invented and constructed extremely high speed cameras.
Brixner was assigned to shoot movies in 16-millimeter black-and-white film, from every angle and distance and at every available speed, of an unknown event beginning with the brightest flash ever produced on Earth. "The theoretical people had calculated a some 10-sun brightness. So that was easy," said Brixner. "All I had to do was go out and point my camera at the sun and take some pictures. Ten times that was easy to calculate."
At ignition, Brixner remembers "The whole filter seemed to light up as bright as the sun. I was temporarily blinded. I looked to the side. The Oscura mountains were as bright as day. I saw this tremendous ball of fire, and it was rising. I was just spellbound! I followed it as it rose. Then it dawned on me. I'm the photographer! I've gotta get that ball of fire." He jogged the camera up. He said: "There was no sound! It all took place in absolute silence."
After the war, he stayed on at Los Alamos National Laboratory until retirement as head of the optical group. In 1956 he married Audrey Chew (1915–1996) who was from Washington, DC. Berlyn Brixner died peacefully in Albuquerque on August 1, 2009. He was 98.
His papers are archived at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He authored or co-authored over 45 papers describing major developments in camera engineering, optical instrumentation and fabrication techniques. His optical lens design was used to construct a high resolution telescope mounted on the Mariner 1969 and 1970 spacecraft to Mars. He received the DuPont gold medal from the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers and the Robert Gordon Memorial Award from the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.
- U.S. Patent 2,732,777 Ultra High Speed Shutter (1953)
- U.S. Patent 2,668,473 Continuous Recording High Speed Camera Frame (1954)
- U.S. Patent 3,278,752 Wide Angle Optical System Having a Telecentric Stop (1966)
- Jack Aeby – photographer of the only successful color picture of the Trinity Test.
- "The Trinity Test: Eyewitnesses". Larry Calloway. Archived from the original on 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
His buddy on some of the explorations was Berlyn Brixner, a boy from a poor family who loved photography. As a result of their friendship, Brixner would become chief photographer for the Trinity test and would spend the rest of his life at Los Alamos.
- Biography; Brixner family archives, New Mexico
- "Broken Rope Dashed Student Into Carter. Victim Rescued Unconscious From Extinct Volcano in New Mexico, but May Live". The New York Times. December 12, 1932. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
Berlyn Brixner, 21-year-old science student, was rescued unconscious tonight from the 250-foot level of an extinct volcano crater near Lanark, N. M. He fell ...
- "Atom Blast Films Taken 15 Million to the Second". Associated Press in The New York Times. May 24, 1954.
The camera that "stops" an atom bomb explosion has been speeded up to take pictures at the rate of 15,000,000 a second. It used to take only 3,500,000. ... The original, known as Model 6, was turned out by Berlyn Brixner of the Los Alamos Laboratory and was described in 1952. The new one, Model 8, was produced ...
- Calloway, Larry. "The Nuclear Age's Blinding Dawn". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
- "Audrey Chew Brixner". The Washington Post. July 23, 1996.
Survivors include her husband, Berlyn Brixner of Los Alamos; a sister, Ruth Chew Silver of Brooklyn, N.Y.; and two brothers, Geoffrey F. Chew of Berkeley, ...
- "Berlyn Brixner". Albuquerque Journal. August 9, 2009.
Berlyn Brixner, 98 years old, beloved Father, Grandfather & Great-Grandfather, died peacefully in Albuquerque, NM on 1 August 2009. ...
- "Obituary". Albuquerque Journal. August 9, 2009.
- Robert Del Tredici, At Work in the Fields of the Bomb (Vancouver, B.C. : Douglas & McIntyre, 1987). (Features an extensive interview with Brixner.)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Berlyn Brixner.|
- 1992 Video Interview with Berlyn Brixner by Yvonne Delamater Voices of the Manhattan Project
- Berlyn Brixner at Find a Grave