Bermondsey (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bermondsey
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Bermondsey1885.png
Bermondsey in London 1885-1918
Bermondsey1950.png
Bermondsey in London 1950-74
18851918
Number of membersone
Replaced byBermondsey West and Rotherhithe
Created fromSouthwark
19501983
Replaced bySouthwark and Bermondsey
Created fromBermondsey West and Rotherhithe

Bermondsey was a borough constituency centred on the Bermondsey district of South London, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Election were held using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Bermondsey Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election and abolished for the 1918 general election, when its territory was represented by two new constituencies: Rotherhithe and Bermondsey West.

A new Bermondsey constituency was created for the 1950 general election, and abolished for the 1983 election, when it was largely replaced by the new Southwark and Bermondsey constituency.

History[edit]

The 1983 by-election was one of the most bitterly contested by-elections in the United Kingdom as it involved Bob Mellish, the retired Labour MP, running a highly personal and homophobic campaign against the Labour candidate, Peter Tatchell. The result was the election of Simon Hughes as a Liberal in a former Labour stronghold.

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Bermondsey.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Southwark wards of Abbey, Bricklayers, Browning, Cathedral, Chaucer, Dockyard, Riverside, and Rotherhithe.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[1] Party[2]
1885 Thorold Rogers Liberal
1886 Alfred Lafone Conservative
1892 Reuben Barrow Liberal
1895 Alfred Lafone Conservative
1900 Henry Cust Conservative
1906 George Cooper Liberal
1909 by-election John Dumphreys Conservative
1910 Harold Glanville Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished: see Rotherhithe and Bermondsey West

MPs 1950–1983[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
1950 Bob Mellish Labour Labour Chief Whip 1969-1976. Resigned November 1982
1983 by-election Simon Hughes Liberal
1983 constituency abolished: see Southwark and Bermondsey

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thorold Rogers 3,469 50.6 N/A
Conservative Alfred Lafone 3,386 49.4 N/A
Majority 83 1.2 N/A
Turnout 6,855 72.7 N/A
Registered electors 9,433
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Lafone 3,356 52.8 +3.4
Liberal Thorold Rogers 2,998 47.2 −3.4
Majority 358 5.6 N/A
Turnout 6,354 67.4 −5.3
Registered electors 9,433
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Reuben Barrow 4,390 54.1 +6.9
Conservative Alfred Lafone 3,732 45.9 −6.9
Majority 658 8.2 N/A
Turnout 8,122 75.9 +8.5
Registered electors 10,702
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.9
General Election 1895[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alfred Lafone 4,182 52.2 +6.3
Liberal Reuben Barrow 3,822 47.8 −6.3
Majority 360 4.4 N/A
Turnout 8,004 73.2 −2.7
Registered electors 10,935
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Cust 4,017 51.9 −0.3
Liberal J. W. Benn 3,717 48.1 +0.3
Majority 300 3.8 −0.6
Turnout 7,734 69.0 −4.2
Registered electors 11,211
Conservative hold Swing −0.3
George Cooper
General Election January 1906[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Cooper 4,775 61.3 +13.2
Conservative Henry Cust 3,016 38.7 −13.2
Majority 1,759 22.6 N/A
Turnout 7,791 73.4 +4.4
Registered electors 10,619
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +13.2
Spencer Hughes
Bermondsey by-election, 1909[4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Dumphreys 4,278 47.5 +8.8
Liberal Spencer Leigh Hughes 3,291 36.6 −24.7
Labour Alfred Salter 1,435 15.9 N/A
Majority 987 10.9 N/A
Turnout 9,004 73.6 +0.2
Registered electors 12,233
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +16.8

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Harold Glanville
General Election January 1910[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harold Glanville 5,477 54.9 −6.4
Conservative John Dumphreys 4,508 45.1 +6.4
Majority 969 9.8 −12.8
Turnout 9,985 82.4 +9.0
Registered electors 12,115
Liberal hold Swing −6.4
General Election December 1910[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harold Glanville 4,911 57.1 +2.2
Conservative John Dumphreys 3,695 42.9 −2.2
Majority 1,216 14.2 +4.4
Turnout 8,606 71.0 −11.4
Registered electors 12,115
Liberal hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Bermondsey[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 26,018 76.9 N/A
Conservative F Warwick 5,964 17.6 N/A
Liberal Bridget Elizabeth Talbot 1,852 5.5 N/A
Majority 20,054 59.3 N/A
Turnout 33,834 79.7 N/A
Labour win
General Election 1951: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 26,267 78.85 +1.95
Conservative Ralph Manders 5,265 15.81 -1.79
Liberal Harry Wilson 1,779 5.34 -0.16
Majority 21,002 63.05 +3.75
Turnout 33,311 78.22 -1.48
Labour hold Swing +1.87
General Election 1955: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 21,709 76.75 -2.10
Conservative Catherine Orr-Ewing 4,309 15.23 -0.58
Liberal Harry Wilson 1,554 5.49 +0.15
Ind. Labour Party H Birkett 715 2.53 N/A
Majority 17,400 61.51 -1.54
Turnout 28,287 69.51 -8.51
Labour hold Swing -1.34
General Election 1959: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 20,528 76.84 +0.09
Conservative Kenneth Payne 6,187 23.16 +7.93
Majority 14,341 53.68 -7.83
Turnout 27,715 70.45 +0.94
Labour hold Swing +4.01

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 17,481 79.28 +2.44
Conservative Jeremy GLM Porter 4,568 20.72 -2.44
Majority 12,913 58.57 +4.91
Turnout 22,049 63.28 -7.17
Labour hold Swing +2.44
General Election 1966: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 16,605 80.63 +1.35
Conservative Jeremy GLM Porter 3,990 19.37 -1.35
Majority 12,615 61.25 -2.03
Turnout 20,095 60.91 -2.37
Labour hold Swing +1.35

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 13,908 76.92 -3.71
Conservative George HJ Nicholson 4,172 23.08 +3.71
Majority 9,736 53.85 -7.4
Turnout 18,090 52.91 -8.00
Labour hold Swing +3.71
General Election February 1974: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 24,847 68.62 -8.30
Conservative Howard Flight 6,126 16.92 -7.16
Liberal C Hewittson 3,751 10.36 +10.36
National Front G Davey 1,485 4.10 +4.1
Majority 18,721 51.70 -1.21
Turnout 32,706 65.95 +13.04
Labour hold Swing +7.73
General Election October 1974: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 22,875 73.37 +4.45
Conservative Howard Flight 4,294 13.77 -3.15
Liberal Thomas Taylor 2,520 8.08 -2.28
National Front G Davey 1,488 4.77 +0.67
Majority 18,581 59.60 +5.90
Turnout 56.42
Labour hold Swing +3.80
General Election 1979: Bermondsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Mellish 19,338 63.6 −9.8
Conservative Alexander Duma 7,582 24.9 +11.1
Liberal Thomas Taylor 2,072 6.8 −1.3
National Front James Sneath 1,175 3.9 −0.9
Workers Revolutionary Anthony Moore 239 0.8 N/A
Majority 11,756 38.7 −20.9
Turnout 30,406 59.3 -2.9
Labour hold Swing −10.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

Bermondsey by-election, 1983
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Simon Hughes 17,017 57.7 +50.9
Labour Peter Tatchell 7,698 26.1 −37.5
Real Bermondsey Labour John O'Grady 2,243 7.6 N/A
Conservative Robert Hughes 1,631 5.5 −19.4
National Front James Sneath 426 1.4 −2.4
Monster Raving Loony David Sutch 97 0.3 N/A
Independent Patriot Jane Birdwood 69 0.2 N/A
New Britain Michael Keulemans 62 0.2 N/A
Independent Labour Barry Giddings 50 0.2 N/A
Communist Robert Gordon 50 0.2 N/A
Ecology George Hannah 45 0.2 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Fran Eden 38 0.1 N/A
National Labour Party Ann King 25 0.1 N/A
United Democratic Party Alan Baker 15 0.1 N/A
Anti-Common Market Free Trade Party David Wedgwood 15 0.1 N/A
Systems Designer Esmond Bevan 8 0.0 N/A
Majority 9,319 27.2
Turnout 29,489 57.7 −1.6
Liberal gain from Labour Swing 44.2%

Note: Esmond Bevan made a mistake and inserted his occupation rather than politics in the nomination paper. He was an Independent Labour candidate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 2)
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 47. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  4. ^ Wanganui Chronicle, Volume L, Issue 12357, 30 October 1909, Page 5
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1970, Craig, F.W.S.

Sources[edit]