|Operator||Flughafen Bern AG|
|Elevation AMSL||1,673 ft / 510 m|
Bern Airport (IATA: BRN, ICAO: LSZB / LSMB), formerly Regionalflugplatz Bern-Belp in German, is an airport serving Bern, the capital of Switzerland. The airport is located within the town limits of Belp, and features flights to some European metropolitan and several leisure destinations. It handled 183,319 passengers in 2016, a decrease of 3.5 percent over 2015. It serves as the homebase for SkyWork Airlines and a base for Helvetic Airways.
The airport was established in 1929 by Alpar, a private airline that operated within Switzerland until the outbreak of World War II. After the war, Alpar remained in business as the airport's operator, supported by subsidies of the cantonal and city government. A planned expansion of the airport in 1947 did not pass in a popular referendum, and it was not until 1950 that the first concrete airstrip was built. In 2014, Alpar was renamed to Flughafen Bern AG - Bern Airport.
Multiple attempts to build an international airport in or around Bern instead of the small regional airport at Belpmoos failed. In 1945, the national parliament decided to build the first international airport, now Zürich Airport, at Kloten near Zürich instead of in Utzensdorf near Bern, though plans for development there were retained as an inter-urban airport which would require less space and thus placate local opposition by farming interests. A 1963 airport project near Herrenschwanden was abandoned because of strong popular opposition, notably by farmers, as was a 1966 project in Rosshäusern and a 1970 project Kallnach.
The airport has multiple touchdown areas, a paved runway (14/32 of 1,730 metres (5,676 ft), a grass runway (32L/14R of 650 metres (2,133 ft), a heli-square, and a glider area. Runway 14 has an ILS approach and an NDB approach. The existing terminal was expanded to better accommodate flights to the non-Schengen area in 2011. Planned development includes new taxiways and a new parking area.
The Biderhangar, one of the airport's hangars built by Swiss aviation pioneer Oskar Bider, is listed as a heritage site of national significance. The airport also houses the head office of Heliswiss. Previously the North Terminal housed the head office of SkyWork Airlines.
The aircraft of the air transport service of the Swiss Air Force are stationed at Bern Airport. These are two jets and two turboprops. The former ones are mainly used for VIP transport and particularly the transport of members of the Bundesrat. They are also used for other purposes, for example deportations or to support international peacekeeping measures. The two turboprop DHC-6 Twin Otter and Beechcraft King Air are not usually used for VIP flights, but for the passenger transport as well as for the country's topography service. The Beechcraft 1900 is also used by the country's topography service for the same tasks. The two jets are a Dassault Falcon 900 and a Cessna Citation Excel, which offer up to seats for VIPs.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Bern Airport:
|Helvetic Airways||Seasonal: Calvi (begins 3 June 2018), Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera (begins 11 May 2018), Kos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes|
|SkyWork Airlines||Amsterdam, Berlin-Tegel, Hamburg, London-City, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Vienna
Seasonal: Brač (begins 28 May 2018), Cagliari, Elba, Figari, Grosseto (begins 9 May 2018), Heringsdorf,1 Ibiza, Jersey,1 Menorca, Olbia, Sylt,1 Zadar
Seasonal charter: Preveza (begins 27 August 2018)
Two bus lines serve the airport: the AirportBus Bern (line 334) connects the terminal every half-hour with Belp railway station where passengers can connect to frequent S-Bahn trains S3, S4, S31 and S44 to Bern main station. The journey time to Bern city center is 30 minutes. The bus line 160 connects the airport with Belp, Rubigen and Münsingen (connection to S-Bahn trains S1).
- "Ortsplan Archived August 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.." Town of Belp. Retrieved on 8 December 2010.
- Benedikt Meyer: Im Flug. Schweizer Airlines und ihre Passagiere, 1919-2002. Chronos, Zürich 2014, ISBN 978-3-0340-1238-6
- Bell, E. A. (10 May 1945). "Swiss Planning". Flight and Aircraft Engineer. Royal Aero Club. XLVII (1898): 501. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Das Grounding aller Berner Flughafenpläne". Berner Zeitung. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "Bern-Belp base Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine.." Heliswiss. Retrieved on 25 February 2011. "Heliswiss is an international helicopter company based at Bern-Belp Airport."
- "Contact." SkyWork Airlines. Retrieved on 8 December 2010. "SkyWork Flughafen Bern-Belp Terminal Nord CH 3123 Bern-Belp."
- "Terms and conditions Archived 2010-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.." SkyWork Airlines. Retrieved on 8 December 2010. ""We", "our" "ourselves" and "us" means Sky Work Airlines Ltd., domiciled in Bern-Belp, Switzerland."
- "Lufttransportdienst des Bundes (LTDB) auf admin.ch". Archived from the original on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2010.
- "Mittel: Flugzeuge, Helikopter, Flab" (in German). Swiss Air Force. Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2009.
Media related to Bern-Belp Airport at Wikimedia Commons