|Bernard 191GR Oiseau Canari preserved at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace|
|Number built||ca. 15|
The Bernard 190 or Bernard-Hubert 190 was a French airliner of 1928. It was a high-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional configuration, based on the Bernard 18. Compared with its predecessor, it kept the same basic design but featured redesigned tail surfaces, an enlarged cabin, and offered its flight crew a completely enclosed cockpit. Also like its predecessor, the basic airliner model provided the basis for a long-range aircraft to be used in record attempts, the 191GR (for Grand Raid).
The eight 190Ts served CIDNA on various European routes, but the 190 is best remembered for the exploits of the three 191GRs. The first built was used by Louis Coudouret in an attempt to cross the North Atlantic in August 1928. This was unsuccessful when the aircraft first refused to leave the ground in Paris, and was later turned back by Spanish authorities unwilling to permit the flight. On 7 July 1929, Coudouret crashed the aircraft near Angoulême and was killed.
The second example was used in the first successful French aerial crossing of the North Atlantic. Painted bright yellow and dubbed Oiseau Canari ("Canary Bird") it departed Old Orchard Beach, Maine on June 13, 1929 and piloted by Jean Assolant, René Lefèvre and Armand Lotti, it completed the crossing to Oyambre, near Comillas, Cantabria, Spain, in 29 hours 52 minutes, even with a stowaway (Arthur Schreiber) aboard. This aircraft is now preserved in the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace.
The third 191GR was used by Antoine Paillard to set two world airspeed records, for 100 km (62 mi) with a 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) payload, and for 1,000 km (620 mi) with a 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) payload.
- Single-engined airliner, powered by a 358 kW (480 hp) Gnome et Rhône 9Ady (licence-built Bristol Jupiter) radial piston engine.
- Record-breaking aircraft, powered by 447 kW (599 hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Lb piston engine. Three built as 191G.R. No.1, 191G.R. No.2 and 191G.R. No.3.
- Single mailplane example for Aéropostale, powered by a 360 kW (480 hp) Gnome & Rhône 9Akx radial engine.
- Single-engined transport aircraft, powered by a 336 kW (451 hp) Lorraine 12Eb piston engine. Only one built.
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 8 pax
- Length: 12.58 m (41 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 17.3 m (56 ft 9 in)
- Height: 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in)
- Wing area: 42.909 m2 (461.87 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 1,780 kg (3,924 lb)
- Gross weight: 3,300 kg (7,275 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 440 kg (970 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Gnome & Rhône 9Ady 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 360 kW (480 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitch propeller
- Maximum speed: 220 km/h (137 mph; 119 kn)
- Stall speed: 90 km/h (56 mph; 49 kn)
- Range: 1,000 km (621 mi; 540 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 3,700 m (12,100 ft)
- Time to altitude: 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in 7 minutes; 3,000 m (9,800 ft) in 29 minutes 30 seconds
- Wing loading: 79.25 kg/m2 (16.23 lb/sq ft)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernard 190.|
- Parmentier, Bruno (9 January 1999). "Bernard 190T". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Parmentier, Bruno (22 September 2002). "Bernard 191T". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Parmentier, Bruno (29 September 2002). "Bernard 191GR". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Parmentier, Bruno (29 September 2002). "Bernard 192T". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Parmentier, Bruno (29 September 2002). "Bernard 193T". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Grey, C.G., ed. (1928). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 86c.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 154.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 890 Sheet 30.
- Lefranc, Jean-Abel (March 1, 1928), "Avion Bernard-Hubert", La Nature, Paris: Masson et Cie (2780): 202–205