Bernard Chazelle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bernard Chazelle
Bernard Chazelle.jpg
Born (1955-11-05) November 5, 1955 (age 62)
Clamart, France
Nationality French, American
Alma mater École des mines de Paris
Yale University
Spouse(s) Celia Martin Chazelle
Children Damien Chazelle
Anna Chazelle
Scientific career
Fields Computer science
Institutions Princeton University
Doctoral advisor David P. Dobkin

Bernard Chazelle (born November 5, 1955) is a French-American computer scientist. He is currently the Eugene Higgins Professor of Computer Science at Princeton University. Much of his work is in computational geometry, where he is known for his study of algorithms, such as linear-time triangulation[1] of a simple polygon, as well as major complexity results, such as lower bound techniques based on discrepancy theory.[2] He is also known for his invention of the soft heap data structure and the most asymptotically efficient known algorithm for finding minimum spanning trees.[3]

Early life[edit]

Chazelle was born in Clamart, France, the son of Marie-Claire (née Blanc) and Jean Chazelle.[citation needed] He grew up in Paris, France, where he received his bachelor's degree and master's degree in applied mathematics at the École des mines de Paris in 1977. Then, at the age of 21, he attended Yale University in the United States, where he received his PhD in computer science in 1980 under the supervision of David P. Dobkin.[citation needed]

He is the father of director Damien Chazelle, the youngest person in history to win an Academy Award for Best Director, and Anna Chazelle, an entertainer.

Career[edit]

He went on to claim important research positions at institutions such as Carnegie Mellon, Brown, NEC, Xerox PARC, the Institute for Advanced Study, and the Paris institutions École normale supérieure, École polytechnique, Inria, and Collège de France. He is a fellow of the ACM, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and NEC, as well as a member of the European Academy of Sciences. He has also written essays about music and politics.[4]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chazelle, Bernard (1991), "Triangulating a Simple Polygon in Linear Time", Discrete & Computational Geometry, 6: 485–524, doi:10.1007/BF02574703, ISSN 0179-5376 
  2. ^ Chazelle, Bernard (2000), The Discrepancy Method: Randomness and Complexity, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-00357-5 
  3. ^ Chazelle, Bernard (2000), "A minimum spanning tree algorithm with inverse-Ackermann type complexity", Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, 47 (6): 1028–47, doi:10.1145/355541.355562, MR 1866456 
  4. ^ Profile, princeton.edu; accessed February 16, 2017.

External links[edit]

External video
Discovering the Cosmology of Bach, On Being, November 13, 2014
Why Natural Algorithms are the Language of the Living World on YouTube, Technion's Computer Science Faculty, April 23, 2013