Bernard Gregory

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Bernard Gregory (19 January 1919, Bergerac – 24 December 1977, Élancourt)[1][2][3] was a prominent French physicist and director-general of CERN.[4]

Bernard Gregory
Bernard Gregory, CERN
Bernard Gregory at CERN
Born (1919-01-19)19 January 1919
Bergerac, France
Died 24 December 1977(1977-12-24) (aged 58)
Élancourt, France
Occupation French physicist and former CERN Director-General

Biography[edit]

During World War II Gregory was a prisoner of war in a German camp for military officers.[1] After the war he graduated from the École Polytechnique and École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, then went to the United States to study fundamental particle interactions in high-energy cosmic rays.

After earning his Ph.D. in 1950 at MIT, under the supervision of Professor Bruno Rossi,[5] Gregory returned to France. He became known in the high energy physics world in the 1950s when he worked as a researcher, with the title of deputy director, under Professor Leprince- Ringuet at the École Polytechnique.[6][7] At the École Polytechnique he worked with a number of physicists including Charles Peyrou, Jean Crussard, André Lagarrigue, and later André Astier.

In 1958 Gregory was appointed professor of physics at the Polytechnique.[1] Around 1960 Gregory got involved in the bubble chambers research. He directed the work on the 81 cm Saclay Bubble Chamber, developed by the technical services at Saturne for the laboratory of the École Polytechnique and was subsequently brought to CERN PSin Geneva.[3]

He was Directorate Member for Research at CERN from 1964 to 1965.[5] From 1966 to 1970 he was Director General of CERN.[8] At CERN he supervised most of the construction of the world's first hadron collider, the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR).

Following his mandate as CERN Director-General, Gregory returned to the Polytechnique laboratory in Paris. Soon he became director-general of the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), which he led from 1973 to 1976.[1] The same year he became Délégué général à la Recherche scientifique et technique(DGRST). Gregory was elected president for the CERN Council for 1978, but died before entering this position.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Biographie de Bernard Grégory". La Jaune et la Rouge : Revue des anciens élèves de l'Ecole polytechnique (X). May 1978. Archived from the original on June 29, 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Tribute to Professor Gregory". CERN Courier. 10 (12): 378. December 1970. 
  3. ^ a b "People and things: Bernard Gregory". CERN Courier. 18 (1-2): 27. February 1978. 
  4. ^ "The 1979 Bernard Gregory lectures". CERN Report 80-03. CERN. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Bernard Gregory: Directorate Member for Research". CERN Courier. 4 (3): 28. March 1964. 
  6. ^ Fleury, P (1978). Hommage a Bernard P. Gregory : commemoration, 23 mai 1978. Palaiseau: Ecole Polytech. p. 5. ISBN 2-7302-0008-8. 
  7. ^ a b "Bernard Gregory" (PDF). CERN Bulletin (2/78): 1. 9 January 1978. 
  8. ^ "Prof. Gregory to succeed Prof. Weisskopf next January". CERN Courier. CERN. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Victor Weisskopf
Director General of CERN
1966-1970
Succeeded by
Willibald Jentschke and John Adams (Co-directors)