|Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe
Hogan-Howe speaking in 2012
|Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis|
12 September 2011
|Preceded by||Sir Paul Stephenson|
25 October 1957
Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England
|Spouse(s)||Marion, née White|
|Alma mater||Merton College, Oxford
Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge
University of Sheffield
Born in Sheffield, Hogan-Howe joined the South Yorkshire Police in 1979, becoming District Commander of the Doncaster West area, as well as obtaining university qualifications in law and criminology. In 1997, he transferred to Merseyside Police as Assistant Chief Constable for Community Affairs, moving on to area operations. He then joined the Metropolitan Police as Assistant Commissioner for personnel, before being appointed Chief Constable of Merseyside Police.
After two years as an Inspector of Constabulary, Hogan-Howe was briefly Acting Deputy Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police before being appointed Commissioner in September 2011. He once dramatically interrupted an interview, in order to apprehend a criminal in person, and later made the controversial decision not to arrest protesters carrying an ISIS flag.
Hogan-Howe was knighted in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to policing.
Early life and career
Hogan-Howe was born in Sheffield, the son of Bernard Howe. He attended Hinde House School, a dual primary and secondary school, where he completed his A-levels. He was brought up single-handedly by his mother, whose surname of Hogan he later added by deed poll. After leaving school, he spent four years working as a lab assistant in the National Health Service.
He began his police career in 1979 with South Yorkshire Police and rose to be District Commander of the Doncaster West area. In 1997, he transferred to Merseyside Police as Assistant Chief Constable for Community Affairs, moving onto area operations in 1999. Hogan-Howe then once again transferred this time to the Metropolitan Police as Assistant Commissioner for personnel, July 2001–2004. He was then appointed Chief Constable of Merseyside Police, 2005-9.
Whilst still with South Yorkshire Police, he was identified as a high-flier and selected to study for a MA degree in Law at Merton College, University of Oxford, which he began at the age of 28. He later went on to gain a postgraduate diploma in Applied Criminology from the University of Cambridge and an MBA from the University of Sheffield.
On Merseyside, Hogan-Howe had called for a "total war on crime" and argued that the health and safety case which was successfully brought against the Metropolitan Police after the de Menezes shooting was restrictive of allowing the police to do their work. He had also called for a review of the decision to downgrade cannabis from a class B to a class C drug. He thereafter served as one of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Constabulary, 2009–2011.
On 18 July 2011, the Home Secretary announced Hogan-Howe's temporary appointment as Acting Deputy Commissioner following the resignation of the Commissioner Sir Paul Stephenson, and the appointment of the incumbent Deputy Commissioner as Acting Commissioner. During that period, a decision was made within the department of professional standards to use the Official Secrets Act to compel The Guardian to reveal its sources regarding the News International phone hacking scandal. The order was swiftly rescinded five days prior to Hogan-Howe's formal term of office.
Hogan-Howe applied for the position of Commissioner himself in August 2011 along with other candidates, and was successful in being selected for the post on 12 September 2011 after appearing before a panel of the Home Secretary and the Mayor of London and receiving the approval of the chairman of the Metropolitan Police Authority, before he was formally appointed by the Queen, with effect from 26 September.
In 2013, Hogan-Howe was criticised for defending police officers who had, according to an appeal court ruling, used "inhuman and degrading treatment", in breach of the Human Rights Act, when handling an autistic boy in a swimming pool. The criticism was specifically directed against the money spent on the appeal and his refusal to apologise and to improve training police officers for the humane treatment of disabled people. In September 2012, Hogan-Howe did ask an independent commission headed by Lord Adebowale to review cases where people with a mental illness died or were harmed after contact with police. The report arrived in May 2013 and contained severe criticism; Hogan-Howe responded to the commission's recommendations with a plan for change, announced in June 2014.
On 11 August 2014, Hogan-Howe made his first arrest as commissioner. The commissioner had to pause a pre-recorded interview with Eddie Nester on BBC London 94.9 in Tottenham when a taxi driver said his passengers were refusing to pay their fare, at which point four men jumped out of the minicab and ran away. Hogan-Howe got into the minicab in pursuit with another officer. PC Gledhill managed to arrest one suspect on suspicion of theft, handling stolen goods and making off without payment. The Commissioner then got into a police car in an attempt to embark on a search for three other suspects. One of the suspects was seen nearby and arrested by the Commissioner on suspicion of theft and making off without payment.
Position on ISIS supporters
Hogan-Howe was criticised in the wake of the 2015 Sousse attacks, after a father and his young daughter paraded at Parliament Square with the flag of ISIS (ISIL). Hogan-Howe supported his men after they had refused to arrest the pair, and said that carrying an ISIS flag is 'not necessarily the worst thing in the world' and should not lead to an automatic arrest. This was contrary to an earlier statement by the Prime Minister, who had written that "The position is clear. If people are walking around with Isil flags or trying to recruit people to their terrorist cause they will be arrested and their materials will be seized."
Hogan-Howe was later supported by the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, who said that 'we live in a free country' and that he did not support the banning of iconography associated with the extremist group.
Police Roll of Honour Trust
Honours and awards
Hogan-Howe's honours and decorations include:
|Queen's Police Medal (QPM)||2002|
|Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal||2002|
|Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal||2012|
|Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal||2001|
On 14 November 2012, Hogan-Howe was awarded the degree of Doctor of the University (D.Univ) by Sheffield Hallam University.
- Sanderson, Frank; Doran, Clare (13 July 2010). "Bernard Hogan-Howe". Liverpool John Moores University. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "MPA appoints two Assistant Commissioners: DAC Tarique Ghaffur and ACC Bernard Hogan-Howe". Metropolitan Police Authority. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- "'Evict gun thugs' families' call". BBC News. 26 February 2007. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- "Temporary Chief Constable takes up the baton". Merseyside Police. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- Sands, Sarah; Davenport, Justin (15 September 2011). "Bernard Hogan-Howe: Dixon of Dock Green is my role model... police officers are not social workers". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Johnston, Philip (13 September 2011). "Bernard Hogan-Howe: a tough cop for a tough job at the Metropolitan Police". Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Who might be next Met Police commissioner?". BBC News. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- "The Sheffield Executive MBA: Case study: Bernard Hogan-Howe". University of Sheffield. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- Hogan-Howe, Bernard (5 May 2007). "No more brave policemen". The Times (London). Retrieved 10 March 2008. (subscription required (. ))
- Owen, Jonathan (8 April 2007). "Cannabis is wrecking lives, says public school head". The Independent (London). Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- "Her Majesty's Inspectors of Constabulary". Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- Freedland, Jonathan (21 September 2011). "The new Met chief's U-turn is welcome – he had made a gross misjudgment". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "Four in running to be next Met Police commissioner". BBC News. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Bernard Hogan-Howe new Metropolitan Police commissioner". BBC News. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Trauma of autistic boy shackled by police, by Yvonne Roberts, The Observer, Sunday 17 February 2013
- Independent Commission on Mental Health and Policing Report
- The Met’s New Approach To Recognising Mental Health
- telegraph.co.uk: "Police let pair fly Isil flag outside Parliament", 6 Jul 2015
- telegraph.co.uk: "Extremists are 'free' to fly Isil flags in London, says Boris Johnson", 8 Jul 2015
- "Met acknowledges 'some justification' to claims the force is 'racist'". BBC News. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "New Patrons". Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "New Year Honours: Kate Bush Heads Arts Field". Sky News. 28 December 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- "Summer Graduation Ceremonies 2013". University of Sheffield. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
Sir Norman Bettison
|Chief Constable of Merseyside Police
Bernard Lawson (Acting)
Sir Paul Stephenson
|Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis