Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
|Duke of Saxony|
|Died||29 June 1059|
|Spouse||Eilika of Schweinfurt|
|House||House of Billung|
|Father||Bernard I, Duke of Saxony|
Bernard expanded the powers of the duke in Saxony and is regarded as the greatest of the Billungers. He was originally a supporter of Emperor Henry II and he accompanied him into Poland and negotiated the treaty of Bautzen of 1018. In 1019–1020, he revolted and gained the recognition of the tribal laws of Saxony, something his father had just failed to do. He returned then to war with the Slavs (Obodrites and Lutici) and drew them into his sphere of power and influence through their leader, Godescalc (Gottschalk).
He supported Conrad II in 1024 and his son Henry III, though he began to fear the latter for his closeness to the Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen, whom he considered a spy and an inveterate enemy of the dukes of Saxony. Though he was a critical ally of the Danes, so fundamental to Henry's wars in the Low Countries, Bernard was on the brink of rebellion until the death of Adalbert. The remainder of his reign, however, was quiet.
Marriage and issue
- Gertrude of Saxony (c. 1030 – August 4, 1113), married: Floris I, Count of Holland, married (secondly): Robert I, Count of Flanders
- Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (c. 1020 – March 28, 1072), married: Ulfhilde or Wulfhilde of Norway (c. 1023 – May 24, 1070), daughter of Saint & King Olaf II (St.Olaf) of Norway & Astrid of Sweden
- Ida of Saxony, married: Albert III, Count of Namur.
- Timothy Reuter, Germany in the Early Middle Ages C. 800-1056, (Routledge, 1998), 200.
Bernard II, Duke of SaxonyBorn: c. 995 Died: 29 June 1059
|Duke of Saxony