Bernard Ingham

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Sir Bernard Ingham (born 21 June 1932) is a British journalist and former civil servant who is best known as Margaret Thatcher's chief press secretary while she was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990. He was knighted in Mrs Thatcher's 1990 resignation honours list.

Despite never having attended university himself[1] Ingham lectured in public relations at The University of Middlesex,.[2] He was also secretary to Supporters of Nuclear Energy (SONE)(1998-2007), a group of individuals who seek to promote Nuclear Power in the United Kingdom.[3][4] and he holds the position of Vice President of Country Guardian, an anti-wind energy campaign group.[5] Ingham is also a regular panellist on BBC current affairs programme Dateline London.

Background[edit]

Ingham was educated at Hebden Bridge Grammar School, leaving at the age of 16 to join the Hebden Bridge Times newspaper.[6][7] He continued to write articles until 2013, as reported by the HEBDENBRIDGEweb.[8] He attended Bradford Technical College on day release as part of the studies required to qualify for the Certificate of Training for Junior Journalists, which he describes as being "taken rather seriously in early post-war Britain".[9] He went on to work for the Yorkshire Evening Post, the Yorkshire Post, latterly as northern industrial correspondent (1952-1961), and The Guardian (1962-1967). While a reporter at the Yorkshire Post, Ingham was an active member of the National Union of Journalists and was vice chairman of the Leeds branch.[10] He is also likely to have been the anonymous and aggressively anti-Conservative columnist "Albion" for the Leeds Weekly Citizen – a Labour Party organ – from 1964 to 1967.[11] In 1967, he joined the Civil Service, working as a press and public relations officer and director of Information in various Government departments, including the Department of Energy, 1974–77, where he also served as Under-Secretary in the Energy Conservation Division, 1978-79.[12]

Ingham's father was a Labour Party councillor for Hebden Royd Town Council and he was himself a member of the Labour Party[10] until he joined the Civil Service.

Ingham contested the then safe Conservative Moortown ward of Leeds City Council in the 1965 council elections for the Labour party, having been nominated by the Fabian Society.[10]

Ancestry[edit]

Ingham's ancestry, revealing him to be of both Yorkshire and Lancashire lineage, with one ancestral line from Staffordshire, was published in an article in the September 2006 issue of the UK genealogy magazine, Practical Family History.[13] It showed that the Inghams originally came from Manchester and Salford, but Bernard's grandfather Henry Ingham moved to the Calder Valley and Hebden Bridge. On his maternal side, Bernard's ancestors were mostly from Hebden Bridge and Heptonstall, while his maternal grandmother Jane Vernon descended from Staffordshire coal miners.

Press secretary to Margaret Thatcher[edit]

Ingham spent 11 years as Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's chief press secretary in No. 10 Downing Street. In 1989–90 he was also head of the Government Information Office. In the course of his civil service career he was also press secretary to Barbara Castle, Robert Carr, Maurice Macmillan, Lord Carrington, Eric Varley and Tony Benn.

Although a career civil servant, Ingham gained a reputation for being a highly effective propagandist for the Thatcherite cause. The phrase spin doctor did not enter common parlance until after his retirement, but he was nevertheless a gifted exponent in what came to be known as the "black arts" of spin.

In those days, Downing Street briefings were "off the record", meaning that information given out by Ingham could be attributed only to "senior government sources". Occasionally he used this deniability to brief against the government's own ministers, such as when he described the leader of the House of Commons John Biffen as a "semi-detached" member of the government.[14] Biffen was dropped at the next reshuffle. This blurring of the distinction between his nominally neutral role as a civil servant and a more partisan role as apologist and promoter of Margaret Thatcher's policies led the late Christopher Hitchens to characterise Ingham as "a nugatory individual" and to criticise what he saw as the negative consequences of Ingham's time as Thatchers press secretary: "During his time in office, Fleet Street took several steps towards an American system of Presidentially-managed coverage and sound-bite deference, without acquiring any of the American constitutional protection in return."[15]

In 1987 Downing Street berated the Sun newspaper in a storm over honours. Mrs Thatcher was said to be furious, and Mr Bernard Ingham, the Prime Minister's Press Secretary, sent correspondence to the Sun, for an explanation as to the honours list, given in confidence, being published. [16]

In 1989, three years after the Westland helicopter scandal led to the resignation of Defence Secretary Michael Heseltine, former cabinet minister Leon Brittan revealed in a Channel 4 programme that Ingham was one of two senior Downing Street officials who had approved the leaking of a crucial letter from the then Solicitor General Patrick Mayhew, in which he questioned some of the statements that Heseltine had made about the takeover contest of the Westland helicopter company. Brittan's claim that Ingham and Charles Powell had approved the leak of the letter led to calls from some Labour MPs for there to be a new inquiry into the Westland affair.[17]

Ingham was knighted on Thatcher's resignation – and retirement – in 1990. His successor as press secretary was Gus O'Donnell, who went on to become Cabinet secretary and head of the Civil service in 2005.[18]

Ingham's book Kill the Messenger, concerning his time as press secretary, was not well received, Paul Foot commenting that "... there is no information in this book. I picked it up eagerly, refusing to believe that someone so close to the top for so long could fail to reveal, even by mistake, a single interesting piece of information" and he was particularly scathing about Ingham's prose style, offering the following quotation from Kill the Messenger as representative of Ingham's use of English: "Like a mighty oak, it took more than one axe to bring Mrs Thatcher down. In November 1990 they were cutting into this solid timber from all angles. The frenzy was fearsome to behold. Heaven preserve us from political axe-men in a state of panic. They would cut off their grandmas in their prime if they thought it would serve their interests. And so they cut off a grandma in her international prime by the stocking tops, to borrow one of Denis's phrases, which Mrs Thatcher often used."[19]

Sir Bernard Ingham in April 2009 referred to P.M. 'Maggie' Thatcher as reckless and a battler for Britain. He said her greatest quality was that she did not want to be loved and she came to office without a Press Secretary and she overcame defeatest inertia, 'Oh you can't do that Prime Minister, they wont allow it', and it required an enormous will to overcome it.[20] He attended P.M. Margaret Thatcher's funeral in April 2013.[21]

Television script[edit]

Ingham helped Thatcher in the writing of the Yes Minister sketch which she performed in public with Paul Eddington and Nigel Hawthorne.[22][23] In December 2001 Ingham said, on the death of Sir Nigel Hawthorne, "Margaret Thatcher's fascination was with the games between the elected politician and the unelected official" [24]

Brass Eye[edit]

Ingham appeared on the satirical television programme, Brass Eye. He was persuaded to appear in a short sequence, in which he issued a stern warning to young people about the dangers of a purported new drug, "cake", one of several celebrities who appeared not to recognise the satirical nature of the programme.[25] The technique to make well known people and celebrities make themselves look idiots and this was particularly so in Brass Eye's notorious "drugs" show when Bernard Ingham allowed Chris Morris (satirist) to guide him into denunciations of a made-up drug called "cake".[26]

Scotland and Northerners[edit]

Ingham derided Scottish nationalists as being "as greedy as sin", stating that "the only thing that fueled nationalism was the smell of oil and money in oil", suggesting that any nationalist sentiments were merely a disguised form of greed.[27] Defiant Sir Bernard Ingham in an article, in November 2013, reiterated his attack on “thick” Northerners who don’t vote Tory.[28]

Controversies[edit]

Court case[edit]

On 8 March 1999, Ingham was bound over to keep the peace at Croydon Magistrates Court after he was accused of causing criminal damage to a Mercedes car owned by Linda Cripps, a neighbour, in Purley, south London. The charges were dropped when Ingham agreed to accept being bound over for 12 months in the sum of £1,000 to keep the peace and be of good behaviour. Ingham denied that he had caused any damage to the vehicle. The Court was told that Mrs Cripps told Sir Bernard: "You have damaged my car", to which he replied "Good, I'm glad". Ingham denied he had damaged the car and said, "I did not cause the damage complained of and to resolve the issue I accepted advice that I should agree to be bound over. I have paid £792 to cover the cost of the alleged damage to the car." Mrs Cripps husband said after the case "We are weary of the constant bombardment that we have suffered. We are no match for Sir Bernard Ingham. Let's hope that he will now allow us to get on with our lives peacefully".[29]

Hillsborough[edit]

Ingham is known for his comments concerning the 1989 Hillsborough disaster. In a letter addressed to a parent of a victim of the disaster, Ingham reiterated his belief that the disaster was caused by "tanked up yobs",[30] a view later proven inaccurate through subsequent investigations. In a letter written to a Liverpool supporter, Ingham remarked that people should "shut up about Hillsborough", comments he has since refused to apologise for.[31][32] "You can't get away from what you were told," Ingham said. "We talked to a lot of people; I am not sure if it was the chief constable. That was the impression I gathered: there were a lot of tanked-up people outside." Speaking to the Guardian, he confirmed that this was what he was told when he and Thatcher were shown round, although he could not recall if Wright himself had said it.[33]

Hebden Bridge residents launched a campaign against Sir Bernard Ingham to have him removed as a local newspaper columnist 'over his continued refusal to apologise for his words in the immediate aftermath of the Hillsborough disaster'.[34] He continued to write articles until February 2013.[35]

Warning for 2015[edit]

Ingham warned in his article, December 2014, in The Yorkshire Post headlined 'Bernard Ingham: Red lights flash on road towards the new year'; on a 'fierce winter', Vladimir Putin, the eurozone, and ISIL. He warned of P.M. David Cameron's lack of achievement in promising too much and the stupidity of the Tory Party in not showing a united front. The SNP trying to crush the Labour Party in the North and the damage to the Conservatives from The United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), and the potential wrecking of the economy by The Labour Party; ending "that you have been warned".[36]

Margaret Thatcher's secret papers[edit]

Thatcher archives: 1980 fears over 'wasted year'[edit]

In March 2011, it was reported by The Independent that Policy chief Sir Keith Joseph said in public the view that Lady Thatcher's first year in Downing Street had been "wasted". Sir Keith's press secretary reported this to Lady Thatcher's media chief Bernard Ingham. In his reply, contained in a letter letter dated 1 December 1980, he said, Lady Thatcher was "quiet relaxed about it", adding: "I believe she agrees with Sir Keith but for the sake of the government and confidence in it does not say so."[37]

Bernard Ingham mooted 'Goalies against Hoolies'[edit]

In the Independent newspaper on 1 January 2015, Mrs Thatcher's then Press Secretary Bernard Ingham said, after the Heysel Stadium disaster in May 1985, "In a memo to Mrs Thatcher, that a strategy was needed to convey the message that “enough is enough; an entirely new attitude and approach by government, police, football clubs and players – and we hope the mass of decent fans – governs the new season.”[38]

Selected works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Old Etonians and Red Princes: Tories and Labour are reverting to dynastic politics – Telegraph Blogs - note paragraph 3 for Ingham | http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/suecameron/100263841/old-etonian-and-red-princes-tories-and-labour-are-reverting-to-dynastic-politics/,
  2. ^ Ingham to teach `spin doctoring' course at university - News - The Independent | http://www.independent.co.uk/news/ingham-to-teach-spin-doctoring-course-at-univer-1177780.html
  3. ^ SONE – Supporters of Nuclear Energy | Nuclear PowerSONE - Supporters of Nuclear Energy | Nuclear Power - Supporters of Nuclear Energy | Nuclear Power http://www.sone.org.uk/
  4. ^ "About SONE". Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Campaign Country Guardian http://www.countryguardian.net/Campaign%20Country%20Guardian.htm
  6. ^ Hebden Bridge Times http://www.hebdenbridgetimes.co.uk/
  7. ^ BBC - South Yorkshire - History - Miners Strike 1984: Sir Bernard Ingham| http://www.bbc.co.uk/southyorkshire/content/articles/2008/06/13/miners_strike_bernard_ingham_interview_feature.shtml
  8. ^ HebWeb News 2013: Bernard Ingham column comes to an end| http://www.hebdenbridge.co.uk/news/2013/039.html
  9. ^ Ingham, Bernard. "175 Heroes". 175 Heroes. Bradford College. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Harris, Robert (1990). 'Good and Faithful Servant' – The Unauthorised Biography of Bernard Ingham. London: Faber and Faber. p. 34. ISBN 0-571-16547-8. 
  11. ^ Harris, Robert (1990). 'Good and Faithful Servant' – The Unauthorised Biography of Bernard Ingham. London: Faber and Faber. p. 4. ISBN 0-571-16547-8. 
  12. ^ Janus: The Papers of Sir Bernard Ingham| http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk/db/node.xsp?id=EAD%2FGBR%2F0014%2FINGH;sib0=216
  13. ^ Practical Family History magazine, September 2006, No 105, pages 6–10; A Foot In Both Red & White Rose Camps; the family tree of Sir Bernard Ingham by Roy Stockdill
  14. ^ Harris, Robert (1990). 'Good and Faithful Servant' – The Unauthorised Biography of Bernard Ingham. London: Faber and Faber. p. 146. ISBN 0-571-16547-8. 
  15. ^ Hitchens, Christopher (10 January 1991). "What is this Bernard?". London Review of Books 3 (1): 9. 
  16. ^ From the archive, 31 December 1987: Downing Street berates Sun in honours storm | From the Guardian | The Guardian | http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/dec/31/archive-1987-sun-honours-storm
  17. ^ Trotter, Stuart (6 April 1989). "Westland affair re-opened by Brittan". The Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  18. ^ Gus O'Donnell http://www.ucl.ac.uk/spp/people/visiting-professors/gus-odonnell
  19. ^ Foot, Paul (27 June 1991). "Lunchtime No News". London Review of Books 13 (12): 8. 
  20. ^ BERNARD INGHAM: Maggie was 'tactless' | Express Yourself | Comment | Daily Express http://www.express.co.uk/expressyourself/97122/BERNARD-INGHAM-Maggie-was-tactless
  21. ^ Emotional George Osborne wipes away a tear as friends and enemies united to pay respects to Britain's first female PM - USA-UK News Online http://www.usaukonline.com/latest-news/10342-emotional-george-osborne-wipes-away-a-tear-as-friends-and-enemies-united-to-pay-respects-to-britain-s-first-female-pm.html
  22. ^ The Yes (Prime) Minister Files - The Thatcher Script| http://www.yes-minister.com/thatcherscript.htm
  23. ^ Cockerell, Michael (1988). Live From Number 10: The Inside Story of Prime Ministers and Television. London: Faber and Faber. p. 288. ISBN 0-571-14757-7.  The phrase "with the help of Bernard Ingham" is a quotation from this source. Other sources give Thatcher sole credit; some give equal credit between the two.
  24. ^ BBC News | UK | Sir Nigel Hawthorne mourned| http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1729442.stm
  25. ^ Morris, Chris. "Brass Eye". Drugs. Channel 4. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  26. ^ The prankster king: has his bubble burst? - Telegraph| http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3636171/The-prankster-king-has-his-bubble-burst.html
  27. ^ Ingham, Bernard. "Truth, Lies, Oil and Scotland". Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  28. ^ Bernard Ingham on Northerners: Non-Tory voters are as "thick as two planks" says former Margaret Thatcher spin doctor - Mirror Online| http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/bernard-ingham-northerners-non-tory-voters-2851106
  29. ^ Marks, Kathy (9 March 1999). "Ingham bound over to keep the peace". The Independent. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  30. ^ Bartlett, David (17 January 2013). "Hillsborough mum tells of Sir Bernard Ingham's "hurtful" letters". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  31. ^ Hankin, Alex (16 January 2013). "'Shut up about Hillsborough': Sir Bernard Ingham not sorry for blaming Liverpool 'mob' for deaths of the 96". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  32. ^ Hillsborough disaster cover-up: We discover Hillsborough statements censored by senior police officers - Exclusive - Mirror Online| http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/hillsborough-disaster-cover-up-we-discover-hillsborough-789769'
  33. ^ 'A tanked-up mob' were to blame for Hillsborough, police told Thatcher | Football | The Guardian http://www.theguardian.com/football/2012/apr/12/tanked-up-mob-hillsborough-police-thatcher
  34. ^ Hebden Bridge residents launch campaign against Bernard Ingham | UK news | theguardian.com| http://www.theguardian.com/uk/the-northerner/2013/feb/01/hebden-bridge-bernard-ingham-hillsborough
  35. ^ HebWeb News 2013: Bernard Ingham column comes to an end http://www.hebdenbridge.co.uk/news/2013/039.html
  36. ^ Bernard Ingham: Red lights flash on road towards the new year| http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/debate/columnists/bernard-ingham-red-lights-flash-on-road-towards-the-new-year-1-7026566
  37. ^ BBC News - Thatcher archives: 1980 fears over 'wasted year'| http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12785959
  38. ^ Margaret Thatcher secret papers: Bernard Ingham mooted 'Goalies against Hoolies' - UK - News - The Independent | http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/margaret-thatcher-secret-papers-bernard-ingham-mooted-goalies-against-hoolies-9949162.html
  39. ^ CPBF http://www.cpbf.org.uk/body.php?subject=misc&id=518
  • Routledge, Paul, Bumper Book of British Lefties, 2003, Politicos (ISBN 1-84275-064-X) – provides further information on Ingham's early involvement with the Labour Party

External links[edit]

  • British Library Sound Archive - Interview with Brendan Bruce (former Director of Communications of the Conservative Party) for his book Images of Power
  • CPBF - Sir Bernard Ingham on P.M. Margaret Thatcher on 14 April 2013
Government offices
Preceded by
Tom McCaffrey
10 Downing Street Press Secretary to Margaret Thatcher
1979–1990
Succeeded by
Gus O'Donnell