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Bernard Meninsky (25 July 1891 – 12 February 1950) was a figurative artist, painter of figures and landscape in oils, watercolour and gouache, draughtsman and teacher.
Meninsky was born in Konotop, in Ukraine. Although his family name was Menushkin, ‘it was unceremoniously entered as ‘Menisky’ by an English customs officer[dubious ], whilst Meninsky himself added the second ‘n.’’ The family moved to Liverpool whilst Menisky was a baby. He attended the Liverpool School of Art from 1906 after initially attending evening classes in art. He won the King’s Medal in 1911 and went on to study briefly at Royal College of Art in London and the Académie Julian in Paris. After being awarded a scholarship Meninsky was able to study at the Slade School of Fine Art in 1912–13. In 1913 he worked for Edward Gordon Craig at his theatre school in Florence, later returning to teach at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, where he taught painting and drawing from 1913 until 1940.
World War I
During World War I, Meninsky served in the Royal Fusiliers, fighting with General Edmund Allenby in Palestine. The Ministry of Information commissioned Meninsky in May 1918 to produce a series of paintings based around the 'arrival of a Leave Train from the Front' at a London railway terminus. He was naturalised as a British Citizen in 1918 but had a nervous breakdown and was discharged from service after six months as a Ministry of Information war artist.
Bernard Meninsky held his first solo show at the Goupil Gallery in 1919 along with The London Group and the New English Art Club (NEAC). In 1920 he was appointed as a tutor of life drawing at the Westminster School of Art, where he was renowned as a superb figure draughtsman. In this period he was also associated with the bohemian Bloomsbury Group and the Garman sisters. He published Mother and Child: 28 Drawings in 1928 and illustrated the 1946 volume of Milton's poems L'Allegro and Il Penseroso. In 1935 he designed sets for the ballet 'David' for the Markova-Dolin Company. In 1940 he moved to Oxford City School of Art, and returned to the Central School in 1945.
In February 1949 he was featured on the cover of the first ever issue of ArtReview, then titled Art News and Review. The profile noted "Using a palette which owes something to the Fauves, and through them to the Expressionists, he has created a world of classical dignity and plastic form."
Meninsky suffered from mental illness for much of his life and committed suicide in 1950.
A Meninsky memorial exhibition was organised by the Arts Council in 1951–52, and a retrospective show was staged at the Adams Gallery in 1958. His works are on show at the Arts Council, British Museum, Imperial War Museum, National Gallery of Ireland, Tate Gallery, Victoria and Albert Museum, and galleries in Hull, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham and Sheffield.
Bernard Meninsky by John Russell Taylor, Redcliffe Press, 1990
- Special Collections, The University Library. "Bernard Meninsky". Leeds University. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- Lisa Tickner (2000). Modern Life and Modern Subjects: British Art in the Early Twentieth Century. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 288 (note 77).
- "Meninsky;Bernard; (1891–1950)". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2007-10-16. Central Saint Martins.
- Art from the First World War. Imperial War Museum. 2008. ISBN 978-1-904897-98-9.
- 62 paintings by or after Bernard Meninsky at the Art UK site. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
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