After a doctorate at the University of Montpellier in November 1971 under the supervision of Robert Corriu, he obtained a state doctorate at the University of Paris-Sud in Orsay in June 1977 (with Hugh Felkin as thesis supervisor).
After a post-doctoral fellowship at Oxford University (September 1977 - August 1978) he joined the CNRS Coordination Chemistry Laboratory in Toulouse in September 1979. He joined the CNRS in January 1973 in Gif-sur-Yvette at the CNRS Institute of Natural Substances Chemistry, where he rose through all levels to become Director of Research specialising in oxidation chemistry, particularly in the field of biology and therapeutic chemistry (antitumours, antiparasites and regulators of copper homeostasis in Alzheimer's disease).
From 1993 to 2006, he was associate professor at the École Polytechnique. He was appointed President of the CNRS on October 20, 2004, a position he held until his resignation on January 5, 2006. He has been Director of Research Emeritus at the CNRS since September 2012 and Visiting Professor at the Guangdong University of Technology (China) since the same date.
He was invited professor at the Collège de France (2014-1015) on the Innovation Chair supported by the Liliane Bettencourt Foundation.
- Silver medal from the CNRS in 1991 Clavel-Lespieau
- Prize of the Académie des sciences in 1997
- Descartes-Huygens Prize in 2001
- Gay-Lussac Humboldt Prize in 2002
- Achille-Le-Bel Grand Prize of the Société chimique de France in 2007
- Elected on 11 December 2012 as Vice-President of the Académie des sciences for the period 2013-2014
- Elected on 18 November 2014 as President of the Académie des sciences for the period 2015-2016
- Prize of the Cercle d'Oc (Toulouse) in 2015
- Member of the Academie des sciences since 22 November 1999
- Correspondant member of the Académie des sciences inscriptions et belles lettres of Toulouse (Science Class) in 2001
- Foreign member of the Polish Academy of Sciences since 2005
- Full member of the Académie des sciences, inscriptions et belles lettres of Toulouse (Science Class) in 2009
- Associate member of the Académie national de Pharmacie since 4 December 2013
- Visiting professor at the Collège de France for the year 2014-2015 (Liliane Bettencourt Chair of Technological Innovation). His course is entitled "Therapeutic innovation: developments and trends"
- Officier of the Légion d'honneur. He was promoted to officier by decree on April 3, 2015. He was Chevalier on November 14, 2006.
- L'homme oublié du canal de Panama, Adolphe Godin de Lépinay, CNRS Éditions, Paris, 2018, ISBN 978-2-271-09516-9
- Bernard Meunier, Comportement des organosilanes fonctionnels vis-à-vis des réactifs de Grignard activés par des complexes de nickel, Université Montpellier 2, thèse de troisième cycle en sciences, 1971
- Les membres de l'académie des sciences - Bernard Meunier Archived 2008-11-20 at the Wayback Machine sur le site de l'Académie des sciences
- Liste des membres Archived 2018-04-22 at the Wayback Machine sur le site de l'Académie des sciences, inscriptions et belles-lettres de Toulouse
- Décret du 3 avril 2015 portant promotion et nomination
- Bernard Meunier on the CNRS website