Bernard N. Nathanson (July 31, 1926 – February 21, 2011) was an American medical doctor and co-founder, in 1969, of the National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws (NARAL), later renamed National Abortion Rights Action League. He was also the former director of New York City's Center for Reproductive and Sexual Health, but later became an anti-abortion activist. He was the narrator for the controversial 1984 anti-abortion film The Silent Scream.
Early life and education
Nathanson was born in New York City. His father was an obstetrician/gynecologist, the same career that Nathanson held in his professional life. In 1949, Nathanson graduated from McGill University Faculty of Medicine in Montreal.
Nathanson was licensed to practice medicine in New York state in 1952, and became board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology in 1960. He was for a time the director of the Center for Reproductive and Sexual Health (CRASH), then the largest free-standing abortion facility in the world. In 1974, Nathanson wrote: "I am deeply troubled by my own increasing certainty that I had in fact presided over 60,000 deaths." He also wrote that he performed an abortion on a woman whom he had impregnated.
Originally a pro-abortion rights activist, Nathanson gained national attention as one of the founding members, along with Larry Ladder, of the National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws (later renamed the National Abortion Rights Action League, and now known as NARAL Pro-Choice America). He worked with Betty Friedan and others for the legalization of abortion in the United States. Their efforts essentially succeeded with the Roe v. Wade decision.
With the development of ultrasound in the 1970s, he had the chance to observe a real-time abortion. This led him to reconsider his views on abortion. He is often quoted as saying that abortion is "the most atrocious holocaust in the history of the United States". He wrote the book Aborting America, where he first exposed what he called "the dishonest beginnings of the abortion movement". In 1984, he directed and narrated a film titled The Silent Scream, in co-operation with the National Right to Life Committee, which contained the ultrasound video of a mid-term (12 weeks) abortion. His second documentary, Eclipse of Reason, dealt with late-term abortions. He stated that the numbers he once cited for NARAL concerning the number of deaths linked to illegal abortions were "false figures".
Referring to his previous work as an abortion provider and abortion rights activist, he wrote in his 1996 autobiography, Hand of God: "I am one of those who helped usher in this barbaric age." Nathanson developed what he called the "vector theory of life", which states that from the moment of conception, there exists "a self-directed force of life that, if not interrupted, will lead to the birth of a human baby".
Nathanson grew up Jewish, and for more than ten years after he became anti-abortion, he described himself as an "atheist". In 1996, he converted to Catholicism through the efforts of the Rev. C. John McCloskey. In December 1996, Nathanson was baptized by John Cardinal O'Connor in a private Mass with a group of friends in New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral. He also received Confirmation and first Communion from the cardinal. When asked why he converted to Roman Catholicism, he stated that "no religion matches the special role for forgiveness that is afforded by the Catholic Church".
Personal life and death
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Nathanson married four times; his first three marriages ended in divorce. He died of cancer in New York on February 21, 2011, at the age of 84. He was survived by his fourth wife, Christine, and a son, Joseph, from a previous union, who resides in New Jersey.
- Aborting America Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1979. ISBN 0-385-14461-X. Free to read at Internet Archive
- The Silent Scream (1984 documentary). 1979 film free to view on Internet Archive
- The Abortion Papers: Inside the Abortion Mentality. New York: Frederick Fell, 1983. ISBN 0-8119-0593-4. Free to read at Internet Archive
- Eclipse of Reason (1987 documentary).
- The Hand of God: A Journey from Death to Life by the Abortion Doctor Who Changed His Mind. Washington, D. C.: Regnery, 1996. ISBN 0-89526-463-3. Free to read at Internet Archive.
- Vincent, Stephen (21 February 2011). "Bernard Nathanson Dead at 84", National Catholic Register, EWTN NEWS. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- NYS Professions
- Nathanson, Bernard (November 28, 1974). "Deeper into Abortion". New England Journal of Medicine. 291 (22): 1189–1190. doi:10.1056/nejm197411282912213.
- The Hand of God, pp. 58–59. "In the mid-sixties, I impregnated a woman… and I not only demanded that she terminate the pregnancy… but also coolly informed her that since I was one of the most skilled practitioners of the art, I myself would do the abortion. And I did."[non-primary source needed]
- "CONFESSION OF AN EX-ABORTIONIST" by Dr. Bernard Nathanson[non-primary source needed] Archived April 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Nathanson, Bernard. Aborting America. Doubleday & Company, Inc.: Garden City, 1979, p. 193: "I confess that I knew the figures were totally false, and I suppose the others did too if they stopped to think of it."[non-primary source needed]
- "DR. BERNARD NATHANSON, R.I.P." Chatterbox... Catholic League (U.S.). Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2011.