|Born||November 21, 1918|
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||January 14, 2014 (aged 95)|
Ridgefield, Connecticut, U.S.
|Education||New York School of Design, National Academy of Design, Arts Student League|
Bernard Perlin was an American painter. He is primarily known for creating pro-war art during World War II and magic realism paintings of urban American life.
Early life and education
Perlin was born in Richmond, Virginia in 1918 to Davis and Anna Schireff Perlin. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Russia, and his father died when Perlin was 10 years old. Perlin grew up with two older sisters, Mildred and Jeanette. At the encouragement of a high school teacher, he was enrolled in the New York School of Design. He studied there from 1934 to 1936, the National Academy of Design with Leon Kroll in 1937, and then the Arts Student League with Isabel Bishop, William Palmer, and Harry Sternberg until 1940. In 1938, he was awarded the Kosciusko Foundation Award to study in Poland.
Perlin was rejected from service in the United States military because he was openly gay. He entered the graphics department of the Office of War Information in 1942, creating pro-war propaganda popular in the United States. The department was shut down in 1943 due to budgetary issues.
He continued his focus on war as an artist-correspondent for Life Magazine from 1943–1944 and then again for Fortune Magazine in 1945. As an artist-correspondent for Life, he brought back to the U.S. the first news and sketches obtained in Greece since the German occupation began in 1941.
His two most notable wartime pieces, both created in 1943, are arguably his "Let Em Have It" war bonds ad, which depicts a soldier throwing a grenade, and "Americans Will Always Fight for Liberty," a painting of World War II soldiers marching in front of Continental Army soldiers.
In 1939, he painted a country scene on a post office wall for the US Treasury. After the war, his work began to focus on magic realism, aiming to capture special moments in everyday life. He produced his most famous work, Orthodox Boys, in 1948. The painting depicts two Jewish boys standing in front of a subway graffiti backdrop. In 1950, it was the first postwar work by an American artist to be acquired by Tate.
Perlin moved to Italy for six years, and his work became more brightly colored. After moving back to New York City, Perlin grew distasteful towards the competitive culture of the city's art scene. He moved to Ridgefield, Connecticut, and continued to paint until the 1970s. After several years of retirement, a friend encouraged Mr. Perlin back to the canvas in 2012, and after completing two new pieces the Chair and the Maiden Gallery (New York City) hosted a retrospective of Mr. Perlin's work in 2013.
In 1968, Bernard Perlin commemorated Mayor Richard J. Daley and the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which was held in Chicago, in a work entitled Mayor Daley. This example of Perlin's work has been used by educators to teach about the Vietnam War. The painting is currently at the Columbus Museum of Art.
In 2009, Perlin married Edward Newell, his partner of 54 years. When he stopped painting, Perlin took up growing flowers.
Perlin died at the age of 95 in 2014 in his home in Ridgefield.
Awards and honors
He received Guggenheim Fellowships in 1954 and 1959.
Examples of his work are in a number of museums and libraries, including the Smithsonian Institution, the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Pritzker Military Museum & Library.
- ^ a b c Yardley, William (28 January 2014). "Bernard Perlin, a New York Painter of Varied Styles, Dies at 95". New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- ^ Who Was Who in American Art, Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999, vol. 3, page 2577.
- ^ Rosenberg, Alan (December 2012). "Bernard Perlin: Romantic Artist". Fine Art Connoisseur. Boynton Beach, FL: Streamline. Archived from the original on July 26, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-23.
- ^ a b "Achievements". Bernard Perlin. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- ^ Doss, Erika (2016). "Anti-Semitism, Propaganda and Modernism – In Focus". Tate. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- ^ Roth, Mitchel P., and James Stuart Olson. Historical Dictionary of War Journalism, Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1997, ISBN 0-313-29171-3, page 235.
- ^ Perlin, Bernard, "Liberation will find the Greeks ready," Life, Chicago, IL: Time Inc., September 4, 1944, pages 35–36 & 38.
- ^ a b c d "Bernard Perlin Obituary". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- ^ "Let 'em have it : buy extra bonds". University of North Texas Digital Library. University of North Texas. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- ^ "Americans Will Always Fight For Liberty". Price of Freedom: Americans at War. Smithsonian Museum. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- ^ Rosen, Aaron (ed.). Orthodox Boys 1948 by Bernard Perlin – In Focus. Tate. ISBN 978-1-84976-560-2.
- ^ "War_Bernard Perlin – Mayor Daley". Artandsocialissues.cmaohio.org. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- ^ "The Archive: Issue 50 Summer 2014". Issuu. Retrieved Sep 18, 2020.
- ^ "Artist Biographies_Art & Social Issues in American Culture". Artandsocialissues.cmaohio.org. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- Image of Bernard Perlin.
- Bernard Perlin
- Poster Art of World War II
- Avenge December 7
- Bernard Perlin, a New York Painter of Varied Styles, Dies at 95
- Bernard Perlin 1918–2014
- War Posters of the 20th Century
- Bernard Perlin Papers. Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
- 1918 births
- 2014 deaths
- American war artists
- American gay artists
- World War II artists
- Life (magazine) people
- American people of Russian-Jewish descent
- Jewish American artists
- 20th-century American painters
- American male painters
- People of the United States Office of War Information
- 20th-century American male artists
- Artists from Richmond, Virginia
- Painters from Virginia
- LGBT people from Virginia
- 21st-century American Jews
- 21st-century American LGBT people