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|Birth name||Bernard Rhodes|
|Occupation(s)||Designer, record producer, talent manager|
|Associated acts||The Clash|
Dexys Midnight Runners
Bernard Rhodes is a designer, manager, record producer, songwriter and impresario who was integral to the development of the punk rock scene in the United Kingdom from the middle 1970s. He is most associated with two of the UK's best known punk bands, the Sex Pistols and The Clash. Rhodes was responsible for discovering John Lydon and arranging his audition in the King's Road which led to him joining the Sex Pistols. He introduced Mick Jones and Paul Simonon to Joe Strummer, who, with Keith Levene then formed The Clash. Rhodes was an important force behind The Clash not not only managing their business but also handling the marketing and creative direction of the band. He left the group from 1979 to 1981 to pursue other opportunities but singer Joe Strummer demanded his return in 1981.
During this period Rhodes built and then operated from his Camden studio Rehearsal Rehearsals, in what became Camden Market. The area around the studio became a well known hangout for punks and contributed to the growth of Camden as a hip area.
Bernard Rhodes was raised in Stepney, east London. He says he never knew his father. He was placed into a Jewish orphanage in South London where he remained until he was 15. His mother worked long hours for Huntsman's in Saville Row making suits for people like Cary Grant and later Hawes & Curtis where Rhodes' friend John Pearse who co-owned Granny Takes a Trip was her apprentice.
In the early 1960s Rhodes and Pearse shared a flat at 68 Hamilton Terrace, St Johns Wood. Mick Jagger, Marc Bolan, musician Mickey Finn, the Small Faces, Guy Stevens (who Rhodes later brought in to produce The Clash) were regular visitors.
Towards the late 1960s Rhodes won a Design Council award for a children's educational toy he designed using newly developed plastic techniques. In the early 1970s Rhodes had a shop in the Antiquarius Market, Chelsea selling his hand printed silk screen designs on shirts and T-shirts, plus a selection of rare vintage reggae records. He became re-acquainted with old friend Malcolm McLaren and his girlfriend Vivienne Westwood, who were operating out of SEX boutique at 430 King's Road. Finding they shared a similar philosophy, Rhodes and McLaren went into business together collaborating on several T-shirts which were then sold in SEX.
Westwood wanted to expand the sleeveless T-shirt clothing line. Rhodes was an ideal colleague with his printing skill and a 'complex, meandering discourse threw up many new ideas." The T-shirt You're Gonna Wake Up One Morning and Know What Side of the Bed You've Been Lying On was created and printed by Rhodes in his handwriting. McLaren explained that Rhodes idea was 'to create a dialogue.' Rhodes has described the difference between himself and McLaren: "Malcolm [McLaren] likes to titillate but I get down to substance".
By 1975, SEX had become a hangout for a bunch of teenagers from whom the Sex Pistols would emerge. Rhodes took the group under his wing while McLaren was in New York looking after the New York Dolls.
Original Sex Pistols member Glen Matlock describes Rhodes contribution as making them understand the importance of being clear cut. 'He (Rhodes) had a real ability for making people decide exactly what they were trying to do.'
John Lydon states that he was wearing a 'I Hate Pink Floyd' T-shirt when he was spotted by Rhodes on the Kings Road. Rhodes insisted he meet McLaren, Steve Jones and Paul Cook in the local Roebuck pub that evening. After this get together, Rhodes had Lydon come back to the shop to audition for the role of singer.
Lydon says that Rhodes "was important to me in so many ways...He would indicate to me where the problems with the Pistols would be in the future. He would sow a seed and then wait to see if I would pick up on it.
After his offer to co-manage Sex Pistols was rejected by McLaren, Rhodes was instrumental in The Clash's formation in 1976. Mick Jones was wearing one of Rhodes' Wake Up T-shirts when he approached Rhodes after a Sex Pistols gig thinking he was a keyboard player. They started talking about groups and the relationship was the starting point for what would eventually become The Clash.
Strummer credits Rhodes as his mentor, stating "He constructed The Clash and focused our energies and we repaid him by being really good at what we did". Rhodes told them to write about social issues occurring at the time, i.e., the housing problems, lack of education, dead-end futures. Strummer said that Rhodes was the only one who understood how one should go about getting known.
Rhodes called his friend Guy Stevens in to produce the Polydor recordings in 1977. The group later used Stevens to produce London Calling. He also sought out Lee 'Scratch' Perry to produce the single "Complete Control".
On 25 January 1977, Rhodes signed The Clash to CBS Records with CBS Records UK chairman Maurice Oberstein who promised to allow the group to do what they wanted on record and CBS would promote it. After a couple of albums, including their first, which Rhodes helped produce with Mickey Foote, he felt the group were drifting away from their street ideals and they parted company in late 1978.
The intro to The Specials' version of "Gangsters" begins with the line: "Bernie Rhodes knows: don't argue!"
Dexys Midnight Runners' single "Dance Stance" was released in 1979 on the Oddball Productions label owned by Rhodes . Rhodes later signed the group to EMI Records.
The first album by Subway Sect, What's the Matter Boy, was produced by Rhodes and released by Oddball in 1980.
During the late seventies he opened Club Left in Wardour Street Soho. Club Left performances included Dig Wayne, Tom Cat, Lady Blue, Johnny Britton, Sade, Bananarama, Georgie Fame and Slim Gaillard. The regular house band was Vic Godard and the Subway Sect.
Sean McLusky said that Rhodes gave him a break at Club Left in 1981 and then got a deal and success for his band JoBoxers, who enjoyed mainstream success on both sides of the Atlantic with their single "Just Got Lucky". McLusky says, "Bernard never got the credit for things that were his. He has been the undefined force".
Return to the Clash
Strummer said if Rhodes did not come back and manage the Clash he would quit.
Once back Rhodes decided to remix "Magnificent 7". A 12" single dance remix "Magnificent Dance" was released on 12 April 1981. Production was credited to 'Pepe Unidos', a pseudonym for Strummer, Rhodes and Paul Simenon. 
Mick: 'Bernie came back on the scene because people thought that we'd gotten out of control and the first thing he wanted to do was book us for seven nights in New York'.
The residency at Bonds NYC in the first two weeks of June 1981 was organised by Rhodes on his return as manager of The Clash. Support acts included Grandmaster Flash, The Sugarhill Gang, Dead Kennedys, Bad Brains, Texan bad boy Joe Ely, Lee Perry and Funkapolitan. Rhodes states that it was because of these Bonds NYC shows that the public became more interested in hip-hop. "I endeavoured to get these guys on like Grandmaster Flash; not that most of the audience liked them but that led to a helluvalot".
The record company were not behind the triple album Sandinista! recorded in Rhodes's absence but Kosmo Vinyl states that with the Bonds NYC residency, The Clash "clawed their way back into the Premiership".
Paul Simonon states that Rhodes was not aware Mick Jones was going to be sacked nor was he in favour of the action. Simonon says however Jones had believed Rhodes to be responsible and did not find out otherwise until the Rock Hall of Fame induction after Joe Strummers death. 
After Jones was sacked, Strummer and Simonon held blind auditions to recruit two new guitarists. Strummer states they auditioned somewhere near 350 guitarists and found Nick Shephard in the first batch, Vince White in the second.
According to guitarist Vince White, the working title of The Clash's last album, Cut the Crap, released in 1985, was Out of Control. The title was changed by Rhodes shortly before its release. Rhodes also produced the album under the name of 'Jose Unidos'. He co-wrote all of the songs with Strummer.
In 1990, Rhodes relocated from Los Angeles to Atlanta, Georgia where Doug Watts, the lead singer of a black metal band Naked Truth asked him for help. Rhodes brought in a new bass player and rehearsed the band over several months. Rhodes independently produced the album Green with Rage. He then signed the band to Sony Records.
St Martin's incident
In May 2007, Rhodes caused controversy at London's St Martins College, when he was accused of using the 'N' word during a speech he was giving about street fashion. In a published interview directly after the event, Rhodes stated that: 'calling me a racist is like calling Margaret Thatcher a Marxist'.
In April 2010, Rhodes also caused controversy at his friend Malcolm McLaren's funeral when he accused Vivienne Westwood of "being part of the Establishment" before going onto the platform to deliver his own eulogy: "If we’re not careful we're going to turn Malcolm into John Lennon, into a saint. Malcolm was no saint."  Rhodes commented afterwards that "I didn't want it to be a showcase for Viv's next fashion range."
At the after funeral gathering, Rhodes and Westwood were photographed together by celebrity photographer Richard Young and in her recent autobiography, Westwood comments on the funeral saying Rhodes was quite justified in what he said, she was talking too much about herself and her ideas.
In 2014 and 2015 Rhodes designed a range of t shirts for Lewis Leathers.
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