|This biography relies too much on references to primary sources. (February 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Mediator of the French Republic|
|Preceded by||Jacques Pelletier|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Paul Delevoye|
4 July 1930|
|Died||4 May 2011
Bernard Stasi (4 July 1930, Reims – 4 May 2011) was a French politician. He was the son of Italo-Mexican immigrants. Stasi served as Minister for Overseas Departments and Territories from 2 April 1973 to 27 February 1974.
From 1998 to 2004 he was the Ombudsman of the French Republic.
Bernard Stasi's grandparents and relatives are born in different countries: his paternal family in Italy, his father in Barcelona and his mother in Cuba. He obtained French citizenship at the age of 18 years. He is the brother of Mario Stasi, former bâtonnier of Paris.
Administrative and Political Career
A graduate of the École nationale d'administration (ENA) in 1959, he was first appointed chief of staff of the prefect of Algiers. He then advised firms in different management capacities from 1963 to 1968 before becoming MP of the Marne from 1968 to 1973 and from 1974 to 1993 under the Centre of Social Democrats (which became part of Union for French Democracy (UDF). He also served as a minister several times. He was Vice-President of the French National Assembly from 1978 to 1983, President of the Champagne-Ardenne region from 1981 to 1988, member of the European Parliamentfrom 1994 to 1998 and mayor of Épernay from 1970 to 1977 and from 1983 to 2000. In September 1981, following Jacques Chirac and Jacques Toubon he voted with the majority parliamentarian of the left for the abolition of the death penalty, presented by Robert Badinter, and expressed regret that such a measure was enacted by his predecessor. But in the debate on cohabitation that agitated the right between 1984 and March 1986 he sided with Raymond Barre, believing that a general election was - with the 1969 referendum that ended the political career of General de Gaulle - valued as a test for or against the legitimacy of the President of the Republic.
He lost his deputy seat in 1993, resulting from his position on the Evin Act on alcohol advertisements (his region is a full wine region). He forced the annulment of the election, but was defeated in the election again in 1994.
During the Bosnian Genocide (1992-1995), he was one of the very few French personalities to denounce it.
He was a member of the sponsorship committee of the French Coalition for nonviolence and Peace.
Controversy over his Foreign Origin
6 February 1986, during a debate with Jean-Marie Le Pen on France Inter (French public radio), Stasi started "I do not have the same beliefs as you," to which Le Pen replied: "That is normal, because you are an immigrant son and you have only been French since you were eighteen." Stasi immediately replied: "You have the nerve to tell me that as a foreign son I would not have the right to engage in politics?" Le Pen concludes, "I think it's a matter of good taste." After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Jean-Marie Le Pen renewed his claim: "When one is named Stasi, one does as the Communist Party, one changes ones name."
But his strong support for immigration expressed in his book L'immmigation, une chance pour la France (Imagration, an opportunity for France), also resulted in insults from his own party. He also adopted nonconformist positions on the crisis in November 1984 in New Caledonia, saying in a report that the origins of the Kanak crisis predated the 1981. Christian Bonnet called him "Stasibaou" (alluding to the Kanak leader Jean-Marie Tjibaou). This double hostility contributed to his parliamentary defeat in September 1986, during his candidacy for President of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Assembly against Roland Dumas, for the fall session of the year 1986. Members of the National Front and a member of the right-wing majority voted for Roland Dumas, who accepted all votes without qualms. It was also fair, as he says, to count only the votes of the National Front. Roland Dumas prevailed because, as was the law - his greater age. Subsequent sessions of the spring and fall of 1987, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing maintained cohesion within the majority for the candidacy, while he solicited, by open letter, the votes of the National Front.
Details of Offices Held
1970 - 1977: Mayor of Épernay 1983 - 2000: Mayor of Épernay 1981 - 1988: President of the Regional Council of Champagne-Ardenne
11 July 1968 – 6 May 1973: Member of the fourth district of the Marne (resigned in favor of a government office) 3 April 1978 – 1 April 1986: Member of the fourth district of the Marne 2 April 1986 – 14 May 1988: Member of the Marne (elected by proportional representation) 23 June 1988 – 1 April 1993: Member of the Sixth District of the Marne 19 July 1994 – 24 April 1998: MEP
- "Bernard Stasi". Geneanet.
- (in French) "Bernard Stasi, ancien ministre, ancien médiateur de la République, est mort" (Bernard Stasi, Former Minister, Former Ombudsman, is Dead), La Voix du Nord, 4 May 2011.
- (in French) AFP - Décès de l'ex-ministre Bernard Stasi (The death of the former minister Bernard Stasi) on lefigaro.fr
- (in French) Aubry, Martine; Duhamel, Olivier (October 1995). Petit dictionnaire pour lutter contre l'extrême-droite [Small directory on fight against the extreme right] (in French). Editions du Seuil. ISBN 2-02-029984-4.