Bernardia

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Bernardia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Tribe: Bernardieae
Genus: Bernardia
Houst. ex Mill. 1754 not Adans. 1763
Synonyms[1]
  • Alevia Baill.
  • Bernhardia Post & Kuntze, orth. var.
  • Bivonia Spreng.
  • Passaea Baill.
  • Phaedra Klotzsch ex Endl.
  • Polyboea Klotzsch ex Endl.
  • Traganthus Klotzsch
  • Tyria Klotzsch ex Endl.

Bernardia is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae first described for modern science as a genus in 1754.[2][3] It is native to North and South America, as well as the West Indies.[1][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Species[1]
  1. Bernardia alarici - Rio Grande do Sul
  2. Bernardia albida - S + E Mexico
  3. Bernardia amazonica - S Venezuela
  4. Bernardia argentinensis - N Argentina
  5. Bernardia asplundii - Corrientes
  6. Bernardia axillaris - SE Brazil
  7. Bernardia brevipes - Rio de Janeiro
  8. Bernardia caperoniifolia - Uruguay, Paraguay
  9. Bernardia carpinifolia - Bahamas, Cayman Is, Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola
  10. Bernardia celastrinea - Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
  11. Bernardia chiangii - Puebla, Oaxaca
  12. Bernardia chiapensis - Chiapas
  13. Bernardia chinantlensis - Veracruz, Oaxaca
  14. Bernardia colombiana - Colombia
  15. Bernardia confertifolia - S Brazil, Misiones
  16. Bernardia corensis - Venezuela, West Indies
  17. Bernardia crassifolia - Minas Gerais
  18. Bernardia dichotoma - Venezuela, West Indies
  19. Bernardia dodecandra - Mexico, Belize, Guatemala
  20. Bernardia flexuosa - Rio Grande do Sul
  21. Bernardia fonsecae A.Cerv. & J.Jiménez Ram. - Guerrero
  22. Bernardia fruticulosa - Dominican Rep
  23. Bernardia gambosa - E Brazil
  24. Bernardia gardneri - Piauí, Goiás
  25. Bernardia geniculata - Rio Grande do Sul
  26. Bernardia gentryana - Mexico
  27. Bernardia hagelundii - Rio Grande do Sul
  28. Bernardia hassleriana - Paraguay
  29. Bernardia heteropilosa - Puebla, Nayarit
  30. Bernardia hirsutissima - Brazil
  31. Bernardia jacquiniana - Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador
  32. Bernardia kochii - Jalisco
  33. Bernardia lagunensis - Baja California
  34. Bernardia lanceifolia - Chiapas
  35. Bernardia laurentii - St. Lucia
  36. Bernardia leptostachys - Paraguay
  37. Bernardia longipedunculata - Paraguay
  38. Bernardia macrocarpa - Veracruz, Puebla
  39. Bernardia macrophylla - Panama, Costa Rica
  40. Bernardia mayana - Guatemala
  41. Bernardia mazatlana - Sinaloa
  42. Bernardia mcvaughii - Jalisco
  43. Bernardia mexicana - Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Venezuela
  44. Bernardia micrantha - Rio de Janeiro
  45. Bernardia mollis - Chiapas, Guatemala
  46. Bernardia multicaulis - S Brazil, NE Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  47. Bernardia myricifolia - S California, S Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, S Texas, N Mexico
  48. Bernardia nicaraguensis - Chiapas, Central America
  49. Bernardia oblanceolata - Oaxaca, Chiapas
  50. Bernardia obovata - W Texas, S New Mexico, Coahuila, Chihuahua
  51. Bernardia odonellii - Misiones
  52. Bernardia ovalifolia - Durango
  53. Bernardia ovata - Paraguay
  54. Bernardia paraguariensis - Paraguay, Bolivia
  55. Bernardia polymorpha - Paraguay, Brazil
  56. Bernardia pooleae - Honduras
  57. Bernardia pulchella - S Brazil, Misiones, Paraguay, Uruguay
  58. Bernardia rzedowskii - Durango
  59. Bernardia santanae - México State, Jalisco
  60. Bernardia scabra - Rio de Janeiro
  61. Bernardia sellowii - S Brazil, Entre Rios, Paraguay, Uruguay
  62. Bernardia sidoides - Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
  63. Bernardia similis - Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
  64. Bernardia simplex - Paraguay
  65. Bernardia spartioides - São Paulo, Goiás
  66. Bernardia spongiosa - Colima, Jalisco
  67. Bernardia tamanduana - Bahia, Rio de Janeiro
  68. Bernardia tenuifolia - Hispaniola
  69. Bernardia trelawniensis - Trelawny
  70. Bernardia valdesii - Jalisco
  71. Bernardia venezuelana - Venezuela
  72. Bernardia viridis - Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua
  73. Bernardia wilburii - Jalisco
  74. Bernardia yucatanensis - Yucatán Peninsula, Guatemala
formerly included[1]

moved to other genera (Adelia, Adenophaedra, Garciadelia, Lasiocroton, Tetracoccus (Picrodendraceae))

  1. B. cinerea - Adelia cinerea
  2. B. denticulata - Adenophaedra grandifolia
  3. B. fasciculata - Tetracoccus fasciculatus
  4. B. grandifolia - Adenophaedra grandifolia
  5. B. leprosa - Garciadelia leprosa
  6. B. lycioides - Lasiocroton microphyllus
  7. B. megalophylla - Adenophaedra megalophylla
  8. B. microphylla - Lasiocroton microphyllus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Miller, Philip. 1754. The Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition vol. 1.
  3. ^ Tropicos
  4. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2009. Nova silva cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29(1): 1–438.
  6. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-08-20. . Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  7. ^ Martínez Gordillo, M., J. J. Ramírez, R. C. Durán, E. J. Arriaga, R. García, A. Cervantes & R. M. Hernández. 2002. Los géneros de la familia Euphorbiaceae en México. Anales del Instituto de Biología de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Botánica 73(2): 155–281.
  8. ^ Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  9. ^ Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i–xlii,.
  10. ^ Webster, G. L. & M.J. Huft. 1988. Revised synopsis of Panamanian Euphorbiaceae. Annals of Missouri Botanical Garden 75(3): 1087–1144
  11. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps