1 December 1530|
Carpi, Modena, Duchy of Modena and Reggio
|Died||2 July 1616
Lecce, Kingdom of Naples
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||12 January 1896, Saint Peter's Basilica, Kingdom of Italy by Pope Leo XIII|
|Canonized||22 June 1947, Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope Pius XII|
Saint Bernardino Realino (1 December 1530 – 2 July 1616) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Jesuits. His entire career was devoted to the areas of Naples and Lecce. Realino pursued a career in law and served in several municipal capacities before feeling called to the Jesuit life and being ordained to the priesthood in Naples. He is often dubbed as the "Apostle of Lecce" for his commitment to the poor and for his preaching abilities.
He first attended school at Modena. Realino began his philosophical studies and medicine in Bologna but altered this midcourse to law; it was said that a woman he fell in love with persuaded him to do so on the assumption that Realino would be good at practicing law. He graduated with a doctorate in law - both civil and canon law - at the Bologna college in 1556. In 1556 he was appointed as the podestà of both the Cassine and Felizzano cities - he served as a judge in Felizzano - and then became the praetor of Castelleone; he also worked as the chief tax collector in Alessandria. Realino became noted in these places for his legal brilliance and learning. He entered the service of Francesco Ferdinando d'Avalos and moved to Naples to act as the superintendent of the fiefs of the Marquis.
In Naples a Jesuit preacher led a sermon that moved him and so he sought that priest out and had him hear his confession; the priest noted his inclination to the religious life and - with some other Jesuit priests - invited him in August 1564 to make a week-long spiritual retreat with them where he a solid call. He joined the Jesuits on 13 October 1564 (Alfonso Salmeron welcomed him into the order) and began his period of the novitiate. Realino was ordained to the priesthood on 24 May 1567; he made his vows in October 1566. Saint Francis Borgia appointed Realino as the novice master at Naples and was later sent to found a Jesuit house and college in Lecce in 1574. In 1583 he began a movement for diocesan priests to foster their virtues and to improve their moral theological education in order to act as better confessors and preachers.
In 1610 he suffered a fall and sustained two wounds that never would heal again. Not long before his death blood was taken from one leg wound and placed in glass vials; his health took a sharp decline in June 1616. Following his death in mid-1616 the relics of his blood which were kept were reported to have liquified. On his deathbed the Lecce magistrates asked him twice that he be the town's patron when he entered Heaven. Realino could not speak but nodded in approval and died whispering: "Gesú ... Maria". The blood was liquefied until the mid-1800s though instances of it being liquefied again and again were reported. His tomb was opened in 1711 and some flesh tissue was incorrupt floating in dark red liquid that gave off a sweet perfume smell. It was found to be frothing and bubbling in 1713 and again in 1804 and 1852; this stopped in 1985.
Saint Roberto Bellarmino heard of his death and said: "I have never heard a complaint about Father Realino though I have been his provincial; even those who were ill-disposed to the society who seized every opportunity to speak unfavorably of it always made exception for Realino ... Everyone knows that he is a saint".
Realino was proclaimed to be Venerable on 31 July 1838 after Pope Gregory XVI confirmed his life of heroic virtue. Pope Leo XIII beatified the Jesuit priest in Saint Peter's Basilica on 12 January 1896 (after the confirmation of two miracles attributed to him) and a decree for the resumption of the cause was issued on 1 May 1902; an informative process for two additional miracles was held and it received validation from the Congregation for Rites on 29 February 1940 while a preparatory committee approved them on 1 April 1941. Pope Pius XII later canonized him as a saint (after the confirmation of two more miracles) on 22 June 1947.
Pius XII named him as the patron saint for Lecce on 15 December 1947.
His remains are preserved in Lecce in the Chiesa del Gesù.
- "Saint Bernadine Realino". Saints SQPN. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "St. Bernardino Realino". Catholic Exchange. 2 July 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Saint Bernardino Realino". The Jesuit Curia in Rome. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Saint Bernardino Realino". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.