Bernardo I of Kongo

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"Bernardo I" redirects here. For other people, see Bernard I (disambiguation).

Bernardo I of Kongo (died 1567) was a 16th-century manikongo (ruler) of the Kingdom of Kongo, a region encompassing areas in 21st-century Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo. He came to power after murdering his half-brother Afonso II who was less well-disposed toward the Portuguese.

The rule of Bernardo I extended from 1561 to 1567.[1] He was killed fighting the Yaka on Kongo's eastern frontier.[2] The Yaka, who were referred to as Jagas by the Essikongo and the Portuguese, would invade and nearly conquer Kongo in 1568.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thornton, John (2006): "Elite Women in the Kingdom of Kongo: Historical Perspectives on Women's Political Power", page 447. The Journal of African History, Vol. 47.
  2. ^ Oliver, Roland and Atmore, Anthony (2001): Medieval Africa, 1250-1800, page 173. Cambridge University Press.
Preceded by
Afonso II
Succeeded by
Henrique I