Bernardo Leighton

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The Honorable
Bernardo Leighton
Bernardo Leighton.jpg
Leighton in the early 1970.
Chilean Minister of the Interior
In office
November 3, 1964 – February 5, 1968
President Eduardo Frei Montalva
Preceded by Sótero del Río
Succeeded by Edmundo Pérez Zujovic
Chilean Minister of Education
In office
February 27, 1950 – February 4, 1952
President Gabriel González Videla
Preceded by Manuel Rodríguez Valenzuela
Succeeded by Eliodoro Domínguez
Chilean Minister of Labor
In office
May 24, 1937 – March 12, 1938
President Arturo Alessandri
Preceded by Roberto Vergara Donoso
Succeeded by Juan José Hidalgo
Member of the Chilean Chamber
In office
May 15, 1969 – September 21, 1973
Constituency Santiago
In office
May 15, 1945 – May 15, 1949
Constituency Antofagasta
Personal details
Born Bernardo Leighton Guzmán
(1909-08-16)August 16, 1909
Nacimiento, Chile
Died January 26, 1995(1995-01-26) (aged 85)
Santiago, Cile
Nationality Chilean
Political party National Falange
Christian Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Ana María Fresno Ovalle (m. 1940–95); his death
Parents Bernardino Leighton Gajardo and Sinforosa Guzmán Gallegos
Alma mater Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
Profession Lawyer
Religion Catholic Church

Bernardo Leighton Guzmán (August 16, 1909, Nacimiento, Bío Bío Province – January 26, 1995, Santiago) was a Chilean Christian Democrat who was targeted for assassination by the Operation Condor.


Early life[edit]

Bernardo Leighton (born August 16, 1909) was the son of judge Bernardino Leighton Gajardo and Sinforosa Guzmán Gallegos. He grew up with an admiration for his father, a reputed "justice man". Leighton spent his childhood in Los Angeles, Chile, in the Bío Bío Province. In 1921, Leighton moved to Concepción for studies and apprenticeship in the lay section of the seminary. In 1922, he moved to Santiago to work in the local Jesuit School St. Ignacio.[1]

Political life[edit]

As the student leader of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, he participated in the 1927 riots against Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's dictatorship, which was deposed in 1931. During the same year, Leighton was sent by the Minister Marcial Mora to Coquimbo to placate the local military riots supported by the population.[2] Finally, in 1933 he graduated as lawyer with a thesis on rural works.[1]

In 1937, Leighton was appointed Minister of Labor by Arturo Alessandri Palma. During this time, he founded, along with his friends and associates Eduardo Frei Montalva, Radomiro Tomic and José Ignacio Palma, the National Falange, which merged with the Christian Democratic Party in 1957.[3]

In 1945, he was elected deputy in the Chamber of Deputies, for the Antofagasta constituency. Leighton also served as Minister of Education in the Videla Government (1946–1952), and as Minister of the Interior in the Montalva Government (1964–1970)

He was again elected in 1969, and served as deputy until the Chilean coup d'état of 1973.

Exile and assassination attempt[edit]

In February of 1974, Leighton and his wife fled to Europe where he started a campaign against Augusto Pinochet's Junta.[4] Leighton's criticism of the military government caused his exile from Chile and caused him to flee to Rome, Italy.

On October 6, 1975 at 8:20 pm, Leighton and his wife were shot by a neo-fascist sympathizer named Stefano delle Chiaie, a far-right terrorist.

According to the CIA documents released by the National Security Archive, in Madrid in 1975, Italian terrorist Stefano Delle Chiaie met with DINA agent Michael Townley and Cuban Virgilio Paz Romero to prepare for the murder of Bernardo Leighton with the help of Francisco Franco's secret police. On October 6, 1975 Leighton and his wife were severely injured by gunshots while in exile in Rome.

The day after the attack, Leighton's brain was operated on in an attempt to prevent loss of speech.[5] However, his brain was severely damaged. This event caused the end of his pacification intention to reunite the various opposition groups to Pinochet, including the lefts.

In 1978, the Chilean government allowed Leighton to return to Chile from Italy,[6] and he retired himself to private life. He later died on January 26, 1995.

Personal life[edit]

On August 15, 1940, Leighton married Ana María Fresno Ovalle, a relative of Juan Francisco Fresno. Ana Maria became a paraplegic in the October 1975 murder attempt on the couple. She died in 2011. The couple were childless.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "[missing title]". January 27, 1995. p. 1. 
  2. ^ "[missing title]". January 26, 1995. p. 12. 
  3. ^ Armando de Ramón y Otros (2003). Biografías de chilenos: miembros de los poderes Ejecutivo, Legislativo y Judicial (1876-1973). Catholic University of Chile. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "ROMA: Leighton, opera do para evitar que perdiera el habla". October 8, 1975. 
  6. ^ "Chile to Allow a Top Politician To Return From Exile in Italy". New York Times. 1978-05-14.