Bernger von Horheim
Bernger may originate from Horrheim in Vaihingen an der Enz. Another possibility is Harheim near Frankfurt. A Berengerius de Orehem is recorded in Italy in 1196 with Philip of Swabia, probably participating in the campaign of Emperor Henry VI in Apulia. A Ritterklage in Bernger's fourth song may refer to this campaign.
Six of Bernger's songs, seventeen stanzas in total, are recorded in the Codex Manesse. Thirteen of these stanzas (all except songs V and VI) are also found in the Weingartner Liederhandschrift. His songs are predominantly Minneklagen, though song II has been called a Lügenlied (lying song). In each of its four strophes Bernger sings of happiness and fulfilled love before ending with the claim that he was lying. This song type was later adopted by Tannhäuser and Der Marner.
- "Bernger von Horheim." German Literature Companion. The Oxford Companion to German Literature. Oxford University Press, 2005.
- Eggers, Hans (1955), "Bernger von Horheim", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 108–109; (full text online)