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|Born||3 March 1822
Olten, Canton of Solothurn
|Died||6 April 1907 (aged 85)|
During his time in office he held the following departments:
- Department of Finance (1876–1878)
- Political Department as President of the Confederation (1879)
- Department of Finance (1880–1890)
He was President of the Confederation twice, in 1879 and 1889.
The portrait of Hammer was painted in 1889 by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury (1862–1947) and is signed Muller d'Uri. It was reproduced on the cover of the dust-wrapper and as the frontispiece of Eduard Fischer's biography 'Bundesrat Bernhard Hammer und Seine Zeit', published in Solothurn in 1970. Its present whereabouts (2007) is unknown.
- Profile of Bernhard Hammer with election results on the website of the Swiss Federal Council.
- Bernhard Hammer in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
|Member of the Swiss Federal Council
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